Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 3: Technical requirements for aluminium structures

This European Standard specifies requirements for the execution of aluminium structural components and structures made from:
a)   rolled sheet, strip and plate;
b)   extrusions;
c)   cold drawn rod, bar and tube;
d)   forgings;
e)   castings.
NOTE 1   The execution of structural components is referred to as manufacturing, in accordance with EN 1090-1.
This European Standard specifies requirements independent of the type and shape of the aluminium structure, and this European Standard is applicable to structures under predominantly static loads as well as structures subject to fatigue. It specifies requirements related to the execution classes that are linked with consequence classes.
NOTE 2   Consequence classes are defined in EN 1990.
NOTE 3   Recommendations for selection of execution class in relation to consequence class are given in EN 1999-1-1.
This European Standard covers components made of constituent products with thickness not less than 0,6 mm for welded components not less than 1,5 mm.
For components made from cold formed profiled sheeting that are within the scope of FprEN 1090-5, the requirements of FprEN 1090-5 take precedence over corresponding requirements in this European Standard.
This European Standard applies to structures designed according to the relevant parts of EN 1999. If this European Standard is used for structures designed according to other design rules or used for other alloys and tempers not covered by EN 1999, a judgement of the reliability elements in these design rules should be made.
This European Standard specifies requirements for surface preparation prior to application of a protective treatment, and gives guidelines for application for such treatment in an informative annex.
This European Standard gives options for specifying requirements to match project specific requirements.
This European Standard is also applicable to temporary aluminium structures.

Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und Aluminiumtragwerken - Teil 3: Technische Regeln für die Ausführung von Aluminiumtragwerken

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen bezüglich der Ausführung von tragenden Bauteilen aus Aluminium sowie von Aluminiumtragwerken fest, die hergestellt werden aus:
a)   gewalzten Blechen, Bändern und Platten;
b)   Strangpressprofilen;
c)   kalt gezogenen Stangen und Rohren;
d)   Schmiedeteilen;
e)   Gussteilen.
ANMERKUNG 1   In Übereinstimmung mit EN 1090 1 wird die Ausführung von Tragwerksteilen als Herstellung bezeichnet.
Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen fest, die unabhängig von Art und Form des Aluminium-tragwerks sind. Sie gilt sowohl für Tragwerke unter vorwiegend ruhender Belastung als auch für ermüdungsbeanspruchte Tragwerke. Des Weiteren legt diese Europäische Norm die Anforderungen in Bezug auf die Ausführungsklassen fest, welche ihrerseits von Schadensfolgeklassen abhängig sind.
ANMERKUNG 2   Die Schadensfolgeklassen sind in EN 1990 festgelegt.
ANMERKUNG 3   Empfehlungen für die Wahl der Ausführungsklasse in Verbindung mit der Schadensfolgeklasse siehe EN 1999 1 1.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Bauteile, die aus Konstruktionsmaterialien mit Dicken nicht unter 0,6 mm, beziehungsweise geschweißt mit Dicken nicht unter 1,5 mm, hergestellt werden.
Bei aus kaltgeformten Profiltafeln gebildeten Komponenten, die im Anwendungsbereich von FprEN 1090 5 liegen, haben die Anforderungen von FprEN 1090 5 Vorrang vor den entsprechenden Anforderungen in dieser Europäischen Norm.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Tragwerke, die nach den maßgebenden Teilen von EN 1999 bemessen wurden. Sofern sie auf Tragwerke, die auf anderen Bemessungsregeln basieren, oder auf andere Legierungen und Werkstoffzustände, als die in EN 1999 behandelten, angewendet wird, sollten die sicherheitsrelevanten Elemente der betreffenden Bemessungsregeln beurteilt werden.
Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an die Vorbehandlung von Oberflächen für das Aufbringen von Schutzbeschichtungen fest und enthält Hinweise für deren Ausführung in einem informativen Anhang.
Diese Europäische Norm lässt Wahlmöglichkeiten offen, um Spezifikationen speziellen Projektgegebenheiten anpassen zu können.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt auch für temporäre Bauten aus Aluminium (fliegende Bauten).

Exécution des structures en acier et des structures en aluminium - Partie 3: Exigences techniques pour l'exécution des structures en aluminium

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à l'exécution des structures et éléments de structure en aluminium fabriqués à partir de :
a)   plaques, bandes et tôles épaisses laminées ;
b)   produits filés ;
c)   barres et tubes étirés à froid ;
d)   pièces forgées ;
e)   pièces moulées.
NOTE 1   L'exécution des éléments de structure est appelée fabrication, conformément à l'EN 1090-1.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie des exigences indépendamment du type et de la forme de la structure en aluminium, et la présente Norme européenne est applicable aux structures soumises à des charges essentiellement statiques ainsi qu'aux structures soumises à la fatigue. Elle spécifie les exigences en rapport avec les classes d'exécution qui sont liées à des classes de conséquences.
NOTE 2   Les classes de conséquences sont définies dans l'EN 1990.
NOTE 3   L'EN 1999-1-1 donne des recommandations pour le choix d'une classe d'exécution en fonction de la classe de conséquences.
La présente Norme européenne couvre les éléments fabriqués à partir de produits constitutifs dont l'épaisseur n'est pas inférieure à 0,6 mm pour des éléments soudés dont l’épaisseur n’est pas inférieure à 1,5 mm.
Pour les éléments fabriqués à partir de plaques nervurées formées à froid qui relèvent du domaine d'application du FprEN 1090-5, les exigences du FprEN 1090-5 prévalent sur les exigences correspondantes de la présente Norme européenne.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux structures conçues conformément aux parties pertinentes de l'EN 1999. Lorsque la présente Norme européenne est utilisée pour des structures conçues conformément à d'autres règles de calcul ou pour d'autres alliages et états métallurgiques non couverts par l'EN 1999, il convient de procéder à une évaluation des éléments de fiabilité dans ces règles de calcul.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives à la préparation de la surface avant l'application d'un traitement de protection et donne des recommandations pour l'application d'un tel traitement dans une annexe informative.
La présente Norme européenne offre des options permettant de spécifier des exigences en adéquation avec les exigences propres à un projet.
La présente Norme européenne est également applicable aux structures provisoires en aluminium.

Izvedba jeklenih in aluminijastih konstrukcij - 3. del: Tehnične zahteve za aluminijaste konstrukcije

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za izvedbo aluminijastih konstrukcijskih elementov in konstrukcij iz:
a) valjane pločevine, trakov in plošč;
b) ekstrudiranega materiala;
c) hladno vlečenih palic, drogov in cevi;
d) izkovkov;
e) ulitkov.
OPOMBA 1:   Izvedba konstrukcijskih elementov se v skladu s standardom EN 1090-1 imenuje proizvodnja.
Ta evropski standard določa zahteve, ki so neodvisne od vrste in oblike aluminijaste konstrukcije, in se uporablja za strukture s pretežno statično obremenitvijo, kot tudi za konstrukcije, ki so izpostavljene utrujanju. Določa zahteve v zvezi z izvedbenimi razredi, ki so povezani z razredi posledic.
OPOMBA 2: Razredi posledic so določeni v standardu EN 1990.
OPOMBA 3: Priporočila za izbiro izvedbenega razreda glede na razred posledic so podana v standardu EN 1999-1-1.
Ta evropski standard zajema komponente iz sestavljenih proizvodov z debelino vsaj 0,6 mm za varjene komponente, ki niso tanjše od 1,5 mm.
Za komponente, izdelane iz hladno oblikovanih profiliranih folij, ki spadajo v področje uporabe standarda FprEN 1090-5, imajo zahteve iz standarda FprEN 1090-5 prednost pred ustreznimi zahtevami iz tega evropskega standarda.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za konstrukcije, projektirane v skladu z ustreznimi deli standarda EN 1999. Če se ta evropski standard uporablja za konstrukcije, projektirane v skladu z drugimi konstrukcijskimi pravili, ali za druge zlitine in sredstva, ki niso zajeta v standardu EN 1999, je treba oceniti elemente zanesljivosti v teh konstrukcijskih pravilih.
Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za pripravo površine pred zaščitno obdelavo in podaja smernice za takšno obdelavo v informativnem dodatku.
Ta evropski standard ponuja možnosti za določitev zahtev, ki ustrezajo posebnim zahtevam projekta.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja tudi za začasne aluminijaste strukture.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Apr-2017
Publication Date
10-Jun-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-May-2019
Due Date
14-Jul-2019
Completion Date
11-Jun-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1090-3:2019
01-julij-2019
Izvedba jeklenih in aluminijastih konstrukcij - 3. del: Tehnične zahteve za
aluminijaste konstrukcije

Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 3: Technical requirements

for aluminium structures

Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und Aluminiumtragwerken - Teil 3: Technische Regeln

für die Ausführung von Aluminiumtragwerken

Exécution des structures en acier et des structures en aluminium - Partie 3: Exigences

techniques pour l'exécution des structures en aluminium
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1090-3:2019
ICS:
91.080.10 Kovinske konstrukcije Metal structures
91.080.17 Aluminijaste konstrukcije Aluminium structures
SIST EN 1090-3:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
EN 1090-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.080.17 Supersedes EN 1090-3:2008
English Version
Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures -
Part 3: Technical requirements for aluminium structures

Exécution des structures en acier et des structures en Ausführung von Stahltragwerken und

aluminium - Partie 3: Exigences techniques pour Aluminiumtragwerken - Teil 3: Technische

l'exécution des structures en aluminium Anforderungen an Aluminiumtragwerke
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 January 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1090-3:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
EN 1090-3:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 9

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 16

4 Specifications and documentation ......................................................................................................... 17

4.1 Execution specification .............................................................................................................................. 17

4.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.1.2 Execution classes .......................................................................................................................................... 18

4.1.3 Tolerance types............................................................................................................................................. 18

4.1.4 Tolerance class for shell structures ...................................................................................................... 18

4.1.5 Testing and acceptance criteria for welding ...................................................................................... 18

4.2 Constructor's documentation .................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.1 Quality documentation .............................................................................................................................. 18

4.2.2 Quality plan .................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.3 Safety during erection ................................................................................................................................ 19

4.2.4 Execution documentation ......................................................................................................................... 19

5 Constituent products .................................................................................................................................. 19

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.2 Identification, inspection documents and traceability .................................................................. 19

5.3 Parent material ............................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4 Aluminium products ................................................................................................................................... 23

5.5 Welding consumables ................................................................................................................................. 24

5.6 Mechanical fasteners .................................................................................................................................. 24

5.6.1 Bolts, nuts and plain washers .................................................................................................................. 24

5.6.2 Studs .................................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.6.3 Rivets ................................................................................................................................................................ 26

5.6.4 Self-drilling and self-tapping screws ..................................................................................................... 26

5.6.5 Bearings ........................................................................................................................................................... 26

5.7 Adhesive bonding ......................................................................................................................................... 26

6 Preparation .................................................................................................................................................... 26

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

6.2 Identification ................................................................................................................................................. 27

6.3 Handling, storage and transportation .................................................................................................. 27

6.4 Cutting .............................................................................................................................................................. 27

6.5 Forming ............................................................................................................................................................ 28

6.6 Holing for fasteners ..................................................................................................................................... 28

6.7 Cut outs ............................................................................................................................................................ 30

6.8 Full contact bearing surfaces ................................................................................................................... 30

6.9 Assemblies ...................................................................................................................................................... 30

6.10 Heat treatment .............................................................................................................................................. 30

6.11 Straightening ................................................................................................................................................. 30

7 Welding ............................................................................................................................................................ 30

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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
EN 1090-3:2019 (E)

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

7.2 Welding plan................................................................................................................................................... 31

7.2.1 Requirement for a welding plan .............................................................................................................. 31

7.2.2 Content of a welding plan .......................................................................................................................... 31

7.3 Welding process ............................................................................................................................................ 31

7.4 Qualification of welding procedures and welding personnel....................................................... 32

7.4.1 Qualification of welding procedures ..................................................................................................... 32

7.4.2 Validity of the welding procedure qualification ................................................................................ 33

7.4.3 Qualification of welders and welding operators ............................................................................... 33

7.4.4 Welding coordination personnel ............................................................................................................ 34

7.5 Preparation and execution of welding .................................................................................................. 34

7.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

7.5.2 Joint preparation .......................................................................................................................................... 35

7.5.3 Weather protection ...................................................................................................................................... 35

7.5.4 Assembly for welding .................................................................................................................................. 35

7.5.5 Temporary attachments ............................................................................................................................ 35

7.5.6 Tack welds ....................................................................................................................................................... 35

7.5.7 Preheating and interpass temperature ................................................................................................ 36

7.5.8 Butt welds ........................................................................................................................................................ 36

7.5.9 Slot and plug welds ...................................................................................................................................... 36

7.5.10 Fillet welds ...................................................................................................................................................... 36

7.5.11 Single sided welds ........................................................................................................................................ 36

7.5.12 Friction stir welding .................................................................................................................................... 37

7.5.13 Other welds ..................................................................................................................................................... 37

7.6 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 37

7.7 Post-weld heat treatment .......................................................................................................................... 37

8 Mechanical fastening and adhesive bonding ...................................................................................... 38

8.1 Joint assembly for mechanical fastening ............................................................................................. 38

8.1.1 Preparation of contact surfaces .............................................................................................................. 38

8.1.2 Fit-up ................................................................................................................................................................. 38

8.1.3 Preparations of contact surfaces in slip-resistant connections ................................................... 39

8.2 Bolting assemblies ....................................................................................................................................... 39

8.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39

8.2.2 Bolts ................................................................................................................................................................... 39

8.2.3 Fitted bolts ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

8.2.4 Countersunk bolt .......................................................................................................................................... 40

8.2.5 Nuts .................................................................................................................................................................... 40

8.2.6 Washers ............................................................................................................................................................ 40

8.3 Tightening of bolting assemblies ............................................................................................................ 41

8.3.1 Non-preloaded bolting assemblies ......................................................................................................... 41

8.3.2 Preloaded bolting assemblies .................................................................................................................. 41

8.4 Riveting ............................................................................................................................................................ 42

8.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

8.4.2 Installation of rivets .................................................................................................................................... 43

8.5 Adhesive bonded connections ................................................................................................................. 43

9 Erection ............................................................................................................................................................ 43

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

9.2 Site conditions ............................................................................................................................................... 43

9.3 Erection method statement ...................................................................................................................... 43

9.4 Supports ........................................................................................................................................................... 43

9.5 Execution on site ........................................................................................................................................... 44

9.5.1 Site survey ....................................................................................................................................................... 44

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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
EN 1090-3:2019 (E)

9.5.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 44

9.5.3 Handling and storage at site ..................................................................................................................... 44

9.5.4 Erection methods ......................................................................................................................................... 44

9.5.5 Alignment and grouting ............................................................................................................................. 44

9.6 Protection of surfaces, cleaning after erection.................................................................................. 45

10 Surface treatment ........................................................................................................................................ 45

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 45

10.2 Protection of the structure and components ..................................................................................... 45

10.3 Protection of contact surfaces and fasteners ..................................................................................... 45

10.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 45

10.3.2 Contact surfaces aluminium-to-aluminium and aluminium-to-plastics .................................. 45

10.3.3 Contact surfaces of aluminium and steel or wood ........................................................................... 46

10.3.4 Contact surfaces of aluminium and concrete, brickwork and plaster, etc. ............................. 46

10.3.5 Fasteners ......................................................................................................................................................... 46

10.3.6 Bonded joints ................................................................................................................................................. 46

10.4 Fire protection .............................................................................................................................................. 46

11 Geometrical tolerances .............................................................................................................................. 47

11.1 Types of tolerances ...................................................................................................................................... 47

11.2 Essential tolerances .................................................................................................................................... 47

11.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

11.2.2 Manufacturing tolerances ......................................................................................................................... 47

11.2.3 Erection tolerances ...................................................................................................................................... 48

11.3 Functional tolerances ................................................................................................................................. 49

11.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

11.3.2 Manufacturing tolerances ......................................................................................................................... 49

12 Inspection, testing and corrections ....................................................................................................... 50

12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

12.2 Constituent products and components ................................................................................................ 50

12.2.1 Constituent products .................................................................................................................................. 50

12.2.2 Components ................................................................................................................................................... 50

12.3 Preparation .................................................................................................................................................... 51

12.3.1 Forming ............................................................................................................................................................ 51

12.3.2 Geometrical dimensions of components ............................................................................................. 51

12.4 Welding ............................................................................................................................................................ 51

12.4.1 Inspection stages .......................................................................................................................................... 51

12.4.2 Methods of inspection and personnel qualification ........................................................................ 51

12.4.3 Extent of inspection ..................................................................................................................................... 53

12.4.4 Acceptance criteria for welds .................................................................................................................. 55

12.4.5 Acceptance criteria for ultrasonic testing ........................................................................................... 57

12.4.6 Repair welds .................................................................................................................................................. 58

12.4.7 Inspection of temporary attachment locations after removal..................................................... 58

12.5 Mechanical fasteners .................................................................................................................................. 58

12.5.1 Inspection of connections with non-preloaded bolting assemblies .......................................... 58

12.5.2 Inspection of connections with preloaded bolting assemblies ................................................... 59

12.5.3 Inspection of riveted connections .......................................................................................................... 59

12.6 Adhesive bonding ......................................................................................................................................... 59

12.7 Inspection of the erected structure geometry ................................................................................... 59

12.8 Nonconforming products .......................................................................................................................... 59

12.8.1 Nonconforming constituent products................................................................................................... 59

12.8.2 Nonconforming components and structures ..................................................................................... 60

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SIST EN 1090-3:2019
EN 1090-3:2019 (E)

Annex A (normative) Required additional information, options to be specified and

requirements for execution classes ....................................................................................................... 61

A.1 List of required information ..................................................................................................................... 61

A.2 List of options to be specified ................................................................................................................... 62

A.3 Requirements related to execution classes ........................................................................................ 63

Annex B (informative) Checklist for the content of a quality plan........................................................... 66

B.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 66

B.2 Content ............................................................................................................................................................. 66

Annex C (normative) Cruciform weld test ........................................................................................................ 68

C.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 68

C.2 Test piece ......................................................................................................................................................... 68

C.3 Examination and testing ............................................................................................................................ 70

Annex D (normative) Procedure for determination of slip factor ........................................................... 72

D.1 The purpose of testing ................................................................................................................................ 72

D.2 Significant variables .................................................................................................................................... 72

D.3 Test specimens .............................................................................................................................................. 72

D.4 Slip test procedure and evaluation of results ..................................................................................... 74

D.5 Extended creep test procedure and evaluation ................................................................................. 74

D.6 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 75

Annex E (informative) Surface treatment ......................................................................................................... 77

E.1 Anodic oxidation ........................................................................................................................................... 77

E.2 Coatings ............................................................................................................................................................ 77

E.3 Passivation ................................
...

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