This document is applicable to stationary and mobile vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting units.
Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered.
The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.
This document does not exclude a person from entering a lifted vehicle on wheel supporting lifts, e.g. for special works or for periodical technical inspection, and vehicle lifts for rail-bound vehicles.
This document does not contain requirements for hazards which may arise on vehicle lifts where the carrying device can be tilted.
NOTE Noise does not play a role in vehicle lifts in the majority of cases and is therefore not considered in this document.
This document does not apply to:
- vehicle lifts movable when loaded;
- equipment for power driven parking of motor vehicles (see EN 14010:2003+A1:2009).
This document is applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured six months after the date of its publication as a European Standard.

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This document, which is to be used in conjunction with EN 280-1:2022, specifies the additional safety requirements for MEWPs of Type 1 Group B equipped with a load lifting appliance. The load-lifting appliance is designed for lifting suspended loads only as part of the task being carried out by personnel from the work platform. This document deals with the additional hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to load lifting appliances either on the extending lifting structure or on the work platform, when the MEWP and load lifting appliance are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer of the MEWP. The significant hazards covered by this document are listed in Annex A.
This document does not cover the following:
a)   the use of a MEWP for lifting persons as a suspended load;
b)   the use of a MEWP for lifting suspended loads from a control position other than the work platform;
c)   requirements for lifting accessories;
d)   lifting or lowering of suspended loads for general materials handling as carried out by a crane;
e)   MEWPs compliant with EN 280-1:2022, 4.4.1.5 and/or 4.4.1.6 (enhanced stability and overload criteria);
f)   MEWPS others than Type1 Group B.
Load lifting appliance can be:
g)   fixed load attachment points on the work platform or on the extending lifting structure where the load can be positioned in reach of the personnel on the platform;
h)   lifting equipment for lifting or lowering the load with a stationary platform. The equipment is attached to the work platform or extending structure and may have a load lifting jib.
NOTE   The lifting equipment can be either permanently attached or removable.

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1.1   This document specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP, see 3.1) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE   Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
1.2   This document is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   work from the platform on external live electric systems;
c)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
d)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
e)   specific applications (e.g. railway, ships) covered by National or local regulations.
1.3   This document does not apply to:
a)   machinery serving fixed landings (see e.g. EN 81-20:2020 and EN 81-50:2020, EN 12159:2012);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. EN 1777:2010);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808:2015);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528:2021);
e)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1:2021 and EN 1756-2:2004+A1:2009);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495:1997+A2:2009);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables (see EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 and EN 1570-2:2016);
i)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1:2013 and EN 1915-2:2001+A1:2009);
j)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN ISO 3691-3:2016).
1.4   Classification:
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a)   Group A: MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b)   Group B: All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1)   Type 1: Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport position;
2)   Type 2: Travelling with lifted work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3)   Type 3: Travelling with lifted work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE   Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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This document specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that has to be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or power operated;
-   equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two;
-   with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground when the platform is unloaded;
-   rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m;
-   used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
NOTE   A tail lift is not to be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this document.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   the risk of falling when operating under 2 m height;
-   overloading at vehicle floor level;
-   drive system with lead screw and nuts;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operations subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit;
-   power take off part of the system;
-   electromagnetic compatibility (emission-immunity);
-   static electricity problems;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during installation, transportation, decommissioning;
-   hazards occurring when handling suspended loads which can swing freely;
-   requirement related to the use on public roads;
-   wind pressure in and out of use;
-   direct contact with foodstuffs;
-   earthquake;
-   lightning.
This document is not applicable to tail lifts manufactured before the publication of this document.

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1.1   Application
This European Standard specifies the requirements, test methods, marking and information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier for Suspended Access Equipment (SAE).
It is applicable to both permanent and temporary equipment which may be powered or hand operated and which are defined in Clause 3.
The requirements of this standard include the rails, tracks and other support systems on which SAE depend for their integrity and safety as well as taking into account all associated loads and fixings to the building structure.
This document is not applicable to Suspended Access Equipment which is manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.
1.2   Hazards
This European Standard deals with significant hazards pertinent to SAE when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Exclusions
The following are not covered in this document:
a)   operation in severe and special conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions, corrosive environments, strong magnetic fields);
b)   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, work on live overhead electrical lines);
c)   transportation of passengers from one level to another;
d)   handling of loads which could lead to a dangerous situation (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radioactive materials);
e)   working platforms suspended by cranes;
f)   silo access equipment;
g)   SAE using chains for the direct suspension of a platform;
h)   SAE using fibre ropes for the suspension of a platform;
i)   SAE intended to be used underground;
j)   SAE intended to be used in shafts;
k)   SAE directly powered by combustion engines.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s):
-   where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing;
-   serving not more than 2 fixed landings.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4    This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3);
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3);
-   permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2);
-   lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators;
-   lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying);
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312 1);
-   lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   static elevating work platforms;
-   vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493);
-   mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777);
-   mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers;
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
-   theatre stage lifts intended to move performers;
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691 5);
-   suspended lifting tables;
-   lifting tables operated by pushing chains.
1.5   This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it;
-   integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.;
-   cable-less controls;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine.

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TC - Modifications on the English mother version and on the French reference version regarding formulae in Subclause A.1.1.2.
2013: Originator of XML version: first setup pilot of CCMC in 2012

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Part 2 of standard EN 1756 specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled passenger vehicles.
Vehicles for the loading of disabled passengers onto aircraft and ships are included within the scope of the standard (although dock-mounted lifts are excluded).
It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
It applies to passenger tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of embarking and/or disembarking passengers to and from such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or by electric power;
-   equipped with a platform to support passengers who may be pedestrians or riders in wheelchairs and may be accompanied by an attendant.
Embarking and/or disembarking operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower passengers, and if specifically approved by the manufacturer, for use as a link bridge.
The standard covers the significant hazards which could occur when a tail lift is used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.  A list of significant hazards is given in clause 4.
This document is not applicable to tail lifts which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This standard specifies the special safety requirements for Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP) which are temporarily installed and are manuelly or power operated and which are designed to be used by one or more persons from which to carry out work. The vertical moving components (work platform) are also used to move those same persons and their equipmenet and materials to and from a single boarding point. These restrictions differentiate MCWPs from Builder's hoists.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a)   vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b)   peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c)   requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d)   goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e)   power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f)   transmission and interface of remote controls;
g)   automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h)   the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i)   the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a)   hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b)   hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e)   hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f)   hazards caused by noise;
g)   (....)

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for design, construction, installation, maintenance and testing of dock levellers and for safety components on dock levellers.
With the exception of:
a)   dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications;
b)   lifting tables;
c)   vehicle mounted tail lifts.
NOTE 1   Requirements for lifting tables are laid down in EN 1570.
NOTE 2   Requirements for vehicle mounted tail lifts are laid down in EN 1756-1.
1.2   This European Standard is applicable to dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e. g. forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles and rail wagons, and parts of buildings such as loading docks. This standard does not deal with other bridging devices not shown in Figure 1.

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This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for mobile or movable jacks (see 3.6) and associated lifting equipment.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
This standard applies to lifting equipment (see 3.1) which are mobile or movable and designed to operate under the load, whether operated singulary or in multiples to partially or totally raise and lower loads or vehicles at one or more lifting points (excluding the lifting of persons) where working under the raised load is not permitted unless additional means of securing the load in position are in place.
NOTE   Associated lifting equipment means lifting equipment which is similar to those defined in 3.1, but which does not fully comply with these definitions.
This standard does not establish additional requirements for
-   power drive by an internal combustion machine;
-   stability of the mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer application, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   supply by electrical networks where the tolerances in voltage, frequency etc. differ from those in the public supplies;
-   static electric problems;
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during producing and decommissioning;
-   hazards occurring when using the lifting equipment on public roads;
-   wind pressure in and out of use;
-   direct contact with foodstuffs;
-   operation on sea ships.
This standard appli

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
Classification: MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a) Group A: MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b) Group B: All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1) Type 1: Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport configuration;
2) Type 2: Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3) Type 3: Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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1.1   This document specifies the safety requirements for lifting tables with the following characteristics:
-   serving no more than 2 fixed landings but able to pass a fixed landing and,
-   having a vertical travel speed of no more than 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position and,
-   for raising or lowering goods (with or without operator(s) and/or authorized person(s)), or;
-   for raising or lowering operator(s) and/or authorized person(s) with or without goods, to positions where they can carry out work from a fixed or movable lifting table that is guided throughout its vertical travel only (see Annex H).
1.2   This document specifies the appropriate technical measures for eliminating and reducing the risks arising from the significant hazards listed in Annex B.
1.3   This document does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position;
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting goods, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570 2:2016);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   lifting tables designed for artists and stage set features during artistic performances (EN 17206:2020);
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41:2010);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2:2001+A1:2009 and EN 12312-1:2013);
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280-1:2022);
-   static Group B elevating work platforms (EN 280-1:2022);
-   vehicle servicing lifts (EN 1493:2010);
-   mobile lifting tables used for firefighting (EN 1777:2010);
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528:2021);
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691-5:2015+A1:2020);
-   lifting tables suspended from a ceiling.
1.4   This document does not consider the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, particularly brittle loads, loose loads (gravel, tubes));
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation, and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or the replacing or maintaining of it;
-   integration into broader systems or other machines, etc.;
-   cable-less controls, i.e. wireless;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   lifting tables powered by internal combustion engines.

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2007 04 15 Work item deleted due to 3YT - FV.

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This document specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts :
- used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles ;
- intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle ;
- driven either by hand or electric powered ;
- equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two ;
- with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground, the measurement shall be made when the platform is unloaded ;
- rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m ;
- used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
   NOTE   A tail lift should not be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this standard.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for :
operation in severe conditions (e.g extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields) ;
operations subject to special rules (e.g potentially explosive atmospheres) ;
supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit ;
power take off part of the system ;
cable less remote control and electronic equipment ;

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This European Standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units.
Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered.
The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.
This document is not applicable to vehicle lifts which are manufactured ½ year after the date of its publication as EN.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP, see 3.1) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE   Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
1.2   This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   electromagnetic incompatibility;
c)   work from the platform on external live electric systems;
d)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
e)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
f)   specific applications (e.g. railway, ships) covered by National or local regulations.
1.3   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   machinery serving fixed landings (see e.g. EN 81-1 and EN 81-2, EN 12159);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. EN 1777);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528);
e)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables (see EN 1570);
i)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
j)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2).
1.4   Classification:
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a)   Group A:   MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b)   Group B:   All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1)   Type 1   Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport configuration;
2)   Type 2   Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3)   Type 3   Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE   Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts :
-   used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles ;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle ;
-   driven either by hand or electric powered ;
-   equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two ;
-   with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground, the measurement shall be made when the platform is unloaded ;
-   rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m ;
-   used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
   NOTE   A tail lift should not be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this standard.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for :
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields) ;
-   operations subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres) ;
-   supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit ;
-   power take off part of the system ;
-   cable less remote control and electronic equipment ;
-   electromagnetic

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1.1   This European Standard specifies safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP, see 3.1) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform only at access positions at ground level or on the chassis.
NOTE   Machines designed for the handling of goods which are equipped with work platforms as interchangeable equipment are regarded as MEWPs.
1.2   This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
b)   electromagnetic incompatibility;
c)   work from the platform on external live electric systems;
d)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
e)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels;
f)   specific applications (e.g. railway, ships) covered by National or local regulations.
1.3   This European Standard does not apply to:
a)   machinery serving fixed landings (see e.g. EN 81-1 and EN 81-2, EN 12159);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. EN 1777);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528);
e)   tail lifts (see EN 1756-1 and EN 1756-2);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables (see EN 1570);
i)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. EN 1915-1 and EN 1915-2);
j)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see EN 1726-2).
1.4   Classification:
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
a)   Group A:   MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of the area of the platform in all platform configurations at the maximum chassis inclination specified by the manufacturer is always inside the tipping lines.
b)   Group B:   All other MEWPs.
Relating to travelling, MEWPs are divided into three types:
1)   Type 1   Travelling is only allowed with the MEWP in its transport configuration;
2)   Type 2   Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the chassis;
3)   Type 3   Travelling with raised work platform is controlled from a point of control at the work platform.
NOTE   Type 2 and type 3 can be combined.

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1.1   Application
This standard specifies the safety requirements for Suspended Access Equipment (SAE).
It is applicable to both permanent and temporary equipment which may be powered or hand operated and which are defined in clause 3.
1.2   Hazards
This European Standard deals with significant hazards pertinent to SAE, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (See clause 4). This European standard specifies appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Exclusions
The following are not covered:
a)   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions, corrosive environment, strong magnetic fields, etc.);
b)   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, work on live lines);
c)   transportation of passengers from one level to another;
d)   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radioactive materials, brittle loads);
e)   hazards occuring when handling suspended loads in conjunction with the suspended platform;
f)   hazards occuring when used on public roads, over water, or wherever it is not possible to lower the platform to a safe position;
g)   hazards arising from wind pressure acting on loads having a surface area in excess of 2 m²;
h)   SAE using cableless control systems.
The following applications for SAE are excluded from this standard:
-   Access to working areas with an incline in excess of 45° compared to the vertical;
-   Working platforms suspended by cranes;
-   Silo access equipment;
-   Access equipment using fibre ropes or chains for the suspension of the platform;
-   SAE intended to be used underground;
-   SAE powered by combustion engines;
-   SAE intended to be used in shafts.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s):
- where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing;
- serving not more than 2 fixed landings.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4    This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
- lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
- lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3);
- lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3);
- permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2);
- lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators;
- lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying);
- power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
- mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312 1);
- lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
- lifting tables used on ships;
- lifting tables with flat or toothed belt drives intended to lift persons;
- mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
- static elevating work platforms;
- vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493);
- mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777);
- mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers;
- mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
- rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
- theatre stage lifts intended to move performers;
- scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691-5);
- suspended lifting tables;
- lifting tables operated by pushing chains.
1.5   This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
- electromagnetic compatibility;
- operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
- operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
- handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
- hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
- equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it;
- integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.;
- cable-less controls;
- lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
- the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine.

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1.1   This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform at one defined access position.
1.2   This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a)   operation by radio and other wire-less controls;
b)   use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
c)   electromagnetic incompatibility;
d)   work on live electric systems;
e)   use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
f)   getting on and off the work platform at changing levels.
1.3   This European standard does not apply to:
a)   permanently installed personnel lifting appliances serving defined levels (see e.g. EN 81-1:1998 and
EN 81-2:1998);
b)   fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. prEN 1777:1994);
c)   unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808:1999);
d)   elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528:1996);
e)   tail lifts (see prEN 1756-1:1994 and prEN 1756-2:1997);
f)   mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495:1997);
g)   fairground equipment;
h)   lifting tables with a lifting height of less than 2 m (see EN 1570:1998);
i)   builders hoists for persons and materials (see prEN 12159:1995);
j)   aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. prEN 1915-1 and 2:1995);
k)   elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see prEN 1726-2:1999).
1.4   Classification
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
Group A:   MEWPs where the vertical projection of the centre of gravi

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1.1   This document specifies the safety requirements for lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and/or persons associated with the movement of goods carried by the lifting table (i.e. not for passenger use), for a vertical travel of up to 3,0 m.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4   This document does not apply to the following equipment:
-   permanently installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building and fitted with a car;
-   permanently installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building, not fitted with a car but with a vertical travel of more than 2,0 m;
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility;
-   lifting tables for airport ground equipment;
-   lifting tables for marine use;
-   mobile elevating work platforms;
-   vehicle lifts for maintenance;
-   mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting;
-   mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks, pallet trucks and order pickers;
-   mobile lifting tables with a travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment;
-   theatre stage lifts.
1.5   This standard does not consider the Power Supply to the lifting table by Internal Combustion Engine.
This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   Operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   Operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   Handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, esp

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This standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting units.
Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered. The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.

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0.1 Application  This standard specifies the safety requirements for Suspended Access Equipment  (SAE).  It is applicable to both permanent and temporary equipment which may be powered or hand operated and which are defined in clause 3.  0.2 Hazards  This European Standard deals with significant hazards pertinent to SAE, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (See clause 4). This European standard specifies appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.  0.3 Exclusions  The following are not covered:  a) operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions, corrosive environment, strong magnetic fields, etc.); b) operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, work on live lines); c) transportation of passengers from one level to another; d) handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radioactive materials, brittle loads); e) hazards occuring when handling suspended loads in conjunction with the suspended platform; f) hazards occuring when used on public roads, over water, or wherever it is not possible to lower the platform to a safe position; g) hazards arising from wind pressure acting on loads having a surface area in excess of 2 mý; h) SAE using cableless control systems.  The following applications for SAE are excluded from this standard: - Access to working areas with an incline in excess of 45ø compared to the vertical; - Working platforms suspended by cranes; - Silo access equipment; - Access equipment using fibre ropes or chains for the suspension of the platform; - SAE intended to be used underground; - SAE powered by combustion engines; - SAE intended to be used in shafts.

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Requirements on safety devices referring to EN 954-1 including a study of the operational characteristics of load and moment sensing systems with regard to dynamic situations.

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1.1 This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for all types and sizes of Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP) intended to move persons to working positions where they are carrying out work from the work platform (WP) with the intention that persons are getting on and off the work platform at one defined access position.
1.2 This European Standard is applicable to the structural design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and tests before MEWPs are first put into service. It identifies the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards.
It does not cover the hazards arising from:
a) operation by radio and other wire-less controls;
b) use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
c) electromagnetic incompatibility;
d) work on live electric systems;
e) use of compressed gases for load bearing components;
f) getting on and off the work platform at changing levels.
1.3 This European standard does not apply to:
a) permanently installed personnel lifting appliances serving defined levels (see e.g. EN 81-1:1998 and EN 81-2:1998);
b) fire-fighting and fire rescue appliances (see e.g. prEN 1777:1994);
c) unguided work cages suspended from lifting appliances (see e.g. EN 1808:1999);
d) elevating operator position on rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (see EN 528:1996);
e) tail lifts (see prEN 1756-1:1994 and prEN 1756-2:1997);
f) mast climbing work platforms (see EN 1495:1997);
g) fairground equipment;
h) lifting tables with a lifting height of less than 2 m (see EN 1570:1998);
i) builders hoists for persons and materials (see prEN 12159:1995);
j) aircraft ground support equipment (see e.g. prEN 1915-1 and 2:1995);
k) elevating operator positions on industrial trucks (see prEN 1726-2:1999).
1.4 Classification
MEWPs are divided into two main groups:
Group A:   MEWPs where the vertical projection ...

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Migrated from Progress Sheet (TC Comment) (2000-07-10): UAP of 4 months (TC Res C 132/2000) (CC/000210)++TC forecast updated : the first proposed amendment was rejected by the consultant . WG 2 plan to have a meeting soon in order to overcome the negative assessment of the consultant (TC forecasts updating exercise.sj 00-11-06)++

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Part 2 of standard EN 1756 specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled passenger vehicles.
Vehicles for the loading of disabled passengers onto aircraft and ships are included within the scope of the standard (although dock-mounted lifts are excluded).
It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
It applies to passenger tail lifts:
-   used for the purpose of embarking and/or disembarking passengers to and from such vehicles;
-   intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle;
-   driven either by hand or by electric power;
-   equipped with a platform to support passengers who may be pedestrians or riders in wheelchairs and may be accompanied by an attendant.
Embarking and/or disembarking operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower passengers, and if specifically approved by the manufacturer, for use as a link bridge.
The standard covers the significant hazards which could occur when a tail lift is used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.  A list of significant hazards is given in clause 4.
This document is not applicable to tail lifts which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a) vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b) peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c) requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d) goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e) power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f) transmission and interface of remote controls;
g) automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h) the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i) the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a) hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b) hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e) hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f) hazards caused by noise;
g) hazar

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Reconsidering the paragraphs and subparagraphs being part of the warning of the Official Journal of the European Communities.

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1.1 This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and/or persons associated with the movement of goods carried by the lifting table, for a vertical travel of up to 3,0 m. Note: These lifting table are intended for the transport of goods and not for the movement of passengers. 1.2  This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4).

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This standard specifies the special safety requirements for Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP) which are temporarily installed and are manuelly or power operated and which are designed to be used by one or more persons from which to carry out work. The vertical moving components (work platform) are also used to move those same persons and their equipmenet and materials to and from a single boarding point. These restrictions differentiate MCWPs from Builder's hoists.

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TC - Wrong version provided by TC

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1.1  This standard is applicable to the calculation, design, construction, safety devices, installation, use, maintenance,  and testing of dock levellers.  with the exception of  a) dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications, b) lifting tables, c) vehicles mounted tail lifts.  NOTE 1 : Requirements for lifting tables are laid down in prEN 1570. NOTE 2 : Requirements for vehicles mounted tail lifts are laid down in prEN 1756-1  1.2 This standard includes dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e.g forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles  and rail waggons, and parts buildings such  as loading docks. This standard does not deal with bridging devices where the load is a complete vehicle, such as a self propelled vehicle or towed trailer.           [The scope of the complete standard includes illustrations of types of dock levellers.]  1.3 This standard containes requirements in order to protect persons  and objects against accidents and damage during use and operation of dock levellers.  1.4 Persons to be protected are  a) operators, b) maintaining and inspecting personnel, c) persons near the dock leveller.  1.5 Objects to be protected are  a) goods on dock levellers, b) transport equipment on dock levellers.  1.6 The significant hazards of docks levellers are listed in clause 4. These hazards have been identified by risk assessment according to EN 292-2 and require actions  to avoid the hazard, or to reduce the risk, which are covered in clauses 5 and 6.  1.7 The safety requirements are based on the assumption that the dock levellers are regularly maintained  by competent persons to the instructions of the manufacturer and that the operating persons  have been instructed in the use of the dock levellers.

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This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for mobile or movable jacks (see 3.6) and associated lifting equipment. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards. This standard applies to lifting equipment (see 3.1) which are mobile or movable and designed to operate under the load, whether operated singulary or in multiples to partially or totally raise and lower loads or vehicles at one or more lifting points (excluding the lifting of persons) where working under the raised load is not permitted unless additional means of securing the load in position are in place. Note: Associated lifting equipment means lifting equipment which is similar to those defined in 3.1, but which does not fully comply with these definitions. This standard does not establish additional requirements for - power drive by an internal combustion machine; - stability of the mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment; - operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer application, strong magnetic fields);
- operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines); - supply by electrical networks where the tolerances in voltage, frequency etc. differ from those in the public supplies; - static electric problems; - handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads); - hazards occuring during producing and decomissioning; - hazards occuring when using the lifting equipment on public roads; - wind pressure in and out of use; - direct contact with foodstuffs; - operation on sea ships.

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This standard applies to stationary, mobile and movable vehicle lifts, which are not intended to lift persons but which are designed to raise vehicles totally, for the purpose of examining and working on or under the vehicles whilst in a raised position. The vehicle lift may consist of one or more lifting-units.  Power supply to the vehicle lift by internal combustion engines is not considered. The floor or ground supporting the vehicle lift in use is assumed to be horizontal.

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This European Standard specifies safety requirements for design of tail lifts as defined in 3.1 for mounting on wheeled goods vehicles. It also specifies the verification of such tail lifts and the safety information that shall be provided for their use.
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the operation of tail lifts when carried out in accordance with the specifications as intended by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
It applies to tail lifts :
¾ used for the purpose of loading and/or unloading such vehicles ;
¾ intended to be fitted, temporarily or permanently, either inside or on the front, side or rear of the wheeled vehicle ;
¾ driven either by hand or electric powered ;
¾ equipped with a platform to support loads which comprise goods, an operator, or a combination of the two ;
¾ with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 3 m above ground, the measurement shall be made when the platform is unloaded ;
¾ rotary type with a maximum lifting height not exceeding 2 m ;
¾ used as a link bridge when intended by the manufacturer.
   NOTE   A tail lift should not be confused with a link bridge attached to a loading dock which is included within the definition of a dock leveller and is outside the scope of this standard.
Loading and/or unloading operations include the use of a tail lift to lift and/or lower loads
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for :
operation in severe conditions (e.g extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields) ;
operations subject to special rules (e.g potentially explosive atmospheres) ;
supply by electrical networks and the electrical circuit ;
power take off part of the system ;
cable less remote control and electronic equipment ;

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