This European Standard specifies tolerances, deformations and clearances that pertain to the production, assembly and erection of pallet racking including the interaction with floors. These tolerances, deformations and clearances are important in relation to the functional requirements and ensuring the proper interaction of the handling equipment used by personnel, trained and qualified as competent, in association with the specific type of racking system. The interaction conditions are also important in determining the reliability of the storage system to ensure that the chance of an industrial truck impact, pallet impact or a system breakdown is acceptably low. The design safety philosophy given in prEN 15512 is based upon compliance with this standard.
This European Standard gives guidance for a variety of issues including operating clearances, manufacturing, assembly and erection tolerance limitations, as well as deflection or strain deformation limitations under loads.
This European Standard is limited to single deep adjustable beam pallet racking operated with industrial trucks or stacker cranes. Drive-in, double deep and satellite systems will be considered for inclusion in the document in the future.
This European Standard specifically excludes the tolerances and deformation of the trucks and stacker cranes. It is the responsibility of the truck or stacker crane supplier and the client or user to ensure that the tolerances, deformations and clearances, as quoted in this European Standard for the racking systems, are acceptable for the safe operation of the overall system.
This European Standard gives guidance to be used in conjunction with the latest information from the truck and stacker crane suppliers regarding turning radii, tolerances and deformations of the truck and stacker cranes.

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The present document specifies the functional accessibility requirements applicable to ICT products and services, together with a description of the test procedures and evaluation methodology for each accessibility requirement in a form that is suitable for use in public procurement within Europe. The present document is intended to be used with Web based technologies, non-web technologies and hybrids that use both. It covers both software and hardware as well as services. It is intended for use by both providers and procurers, but it is expected that it will also be of use to many others as well.
The relationship between the present document and the essential requirements of Directive 2016/2102 on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies is given in Annex A.
The present document contains the necessary functional requirements and provides a reference document such that if procedures are followed by different actors, the results of testing are similar and the interpretation of those results is clear. The test descriptions and evaluation methodology included in the present document are elaborated to a level of detail compliant with ISO/IEC 17007:2009, so that conformance testing can give conclusive results.

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This document applies to all types of Storage and Retrieval (S/R) machines, restricted to the rails on which they travel within and outside the aisles for the storage and retrieval of unit loads and/or long goods such as bar materials and/or for order picking or similar duties. These machines shall embody lifting means along a mast and may include lateral handling facilities. Also included is the transfer equipment used to change between aisles. Control of machines may range from manual to fully automatic.
S/R-machine-related satellite vehicles according to definition 3.20 are included as a load-handling-device (LHD).
References in this standard to racking, buildings and systems only apply where it is necessary to assess the hazards and risks at their interfaces with S/R machines.
This document deals with all significant hazards relevant to rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment, when they are used under the conditions intended by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse (see Annex F "List of significant hazards")).
This document applies to machines and equipment that are manufactured after the date of issue of this document.
Illustrations of examples of machines and transfer equipment to which this standard applies are shown in Annex A.
Safety requirements and/or measures in this standard apply to equipment used under indoor conditions. However, additional risk assessments and safety measures need to be considered for uses in severe conditions, e.g. extremely high temperatures, loads, the nature of which could lead to a dangerous situation (e.g. especially brittle loads, explosives), earthquake effects and also contact with foodstuff.
This document also deals with the technical requirements for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable pallet racking systems fabricated from steel members, intended for storage of unit loads and subject to seismic actions.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings in seismic zones and where requirements are not covered in EN 1998.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems.
This European Standard does not apply to the design of seismic isolated racking structures.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable pallet racking systems fabricated from steel members, intended for storage of unit loads and subject to seismic actions.
This European Standard gives also guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings in seismic zones, where requirements are not covered in the EN 1998 series.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems.
This European Standard does not apply to the design of seismic isolated racking structures.

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This European Standard is applicable to the design of securing methods (blocking, lashing, and combinations) for securing of loads for surface transport by road vehicles or parts of them (lorries, trailers, containers and swap bodies), including their transport on vessels or by rail and/or combinations thereof. Hump shunting with acceleration over 1 g during railway transport is excluded, as it is not foreseen in combined transport. (Web lashings see EN 12195-2, lashing chains see EN 12195-3, lashing steel wire ropes see EN 12195-4).
This European Standard does not apply for vehicles with a total weight equal to or lower than 3 500 kg.
NOTE   Lighter vehicles can have driving characteristics, which give higher values of acceleration on the road.
For dimensioning of load securing a distinction is made between stable loads and loads liable to tilting.
Furthermore, the acceleration coefficients for surface transport are specified.
For over top lashing the force loss in the tension force of the lashing at the outer edges between load and lashing is taken into account. The securing forces to be chosen for calculation in this EN 12195-1 are static forces produced by blocking or tensioning of lashings and dynamic forces, which act on the lashing as a reaction of the load movements.
Examples for the application of calculations are given in Annex A.

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This European Standard specifies terms and definitions for steel storage systems, as listed in Table 1, and their basic components and accessories.

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This European Standard specifies terms and definitions for steel storage systems, as listed in Table 1, and their basic components and accessories.
NOTE   Terms and definitions for mechanical handling equipment and load make-up accessories are included in informative annexes.

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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for design, construction, installation, maintenance and testing of dock levellers and for safety components on dock levellers. With the exception of: a) dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications; b) lifting tables; c) vehicle mounted tail lifts. This European Standard is applicable to dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e. g. forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles and rail wagons, and parts of buildings such as loading docks. This standard does not deal with other bridging devices not shown in Figure 1. This European Standard specifies requirements in order to protect persons and objects against accidents and health problems and damage during use and operation of dock levellers. Persons to protect are: a) operators and users; b) maintaining and inspecting personnel; c) persons near the dock leveller. Objects to be protected are: d) goods on dock levellers; e) transport equipment on dock levellers. The significant hazards of dock levellers are listed in Clause 4. These hazards have been identified by risk assessment according to EN ISO 12100-2 and require actions to avoid the hazard, or to reduce the risk, which are covered in Clause 5. The safety requirements are based on the assumption that the dock levellers are regularly maintained by competent persons to the instructions of the manufacturer and that the operating person has been instructed in the use of the dock leveller. This European Standard is not applicable to dock levellers which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to dock Levellers, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4).

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This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation1, operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered. This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a)   vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b)   peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c)   requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d)   goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e)   power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f)   transmission and interface of remote controls;
g)   automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h)   the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i)   the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a)   hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b)   hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d)   hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e)   hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f)   hazards caused by noise;
g)   (....)

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1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for design, construction, installation, maintenance and testing of dock levellers and for safety components on dock levellers.
With the exception of:
a)   dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications;
b)   lifting tables;
c)   vehicle mounted tail lifts.
NOTE 1   Requirements for lifting tables are laid down in EN 1570.
NOTE 2   Requirements for vehicle mounted tail lifts are laid down in EN 1756-1.
1.2   This European Standard is applicable to dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e. g. forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles and rail wagons, and parts of buildings such as loading docks. This standard does not deal with other bridging devices not shown in Figure 1.

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This European Standard provides terms and definitions on concepts and parameters used for EN 1005-21), prEN 1005-3, EN 1005-41) and EN 1005-51).
Basic concepts and general ergonomic principles for the design of machinery are dealt with in EN 292-1, EN 292-2 and EN 614-1.
This document is not applicable to specify the machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
This European Standard deals with the safety requirements for the following types of power-operated storage equipment:- storage carousels;- storage lifts;- mobile shelving, pallet racking and cantilever racking.

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This European Standard provides terms and definitions on concepts and parameters used for EN 1005-21), prEN 1005-3, EN 1005-41) and EN 1005-51).
Basic concepts and general ergonomic principles for the design of machinery are dealt with in EN 292-1, EN 292-2 and EN 614-1.
This document is not applicable to specify the machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

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This standard provides guidance for those needing to specify a pallet racking or shelving requirement to a supplier in order that all relevant safety and other considerations are taken and the supplier is then able to manufacture and deliver a product which is fit for purpose.

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This standard covers operational aspects relevant to structural safety of storage systems. Such systems operate with heavy moving plant working in close proximity to static storage equipment. The intention of this guideline is to minimise the risk and consequences of unsafe operation or damage to the structure.

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This European Standard supplies guidelines for the technical specification to allow the design of racking and shelving in its various forms such as adjustable pallet racking (APR), crane serviced racking, drive-in racking (DIR), cantilever racking and shelving systems, including their various forms of construction, using manually operated and controlled mechanical handling systems. Some other forms of storage equipments are only partially covered and further consideration, beyond the scope of this document, may be required.
This European Standard gives guidance for the specifier of storage systems to coordinate suppliers of all equipment including individual responsibilities.
This European Standard does not cover storage equipments manufactured from materials other than steel (except for certain accessories) and equipment intended to be used for domestic storage purposes.

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This European Standard gives guidelines for operational aspects relevant to structural safety of storage systems. Such systems operate with heavy mechanical handling equipment working in close proximity to static storage equipment. This European Standard minimizes the risk and consequences of unsafe operation or damage to the structure. Some other forms of storage equipment are only partially covered and further consideration, beyond the scope of this European Standard, can be required.
This European Standard gives guidance in conjunction with prEN 15512, EN 15620, and EN 15629 to ensure that the specifier, user and designer are aware of the constraints in each other’s area to allow a safe design to be produced.
This European Standard specifically excludes storage equipment manufactured form materials other than steel (except for certain accessories) and equipment intended to be used for domestic storage purposes.

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This document applies to all types of Storage and Retrieval (S/R) machines, restricted to the rails on which they travel within and outside the aisles for the storage and retrieval of unit loads and/or long goods such as bar materials and/or for order picking or similar duties. These machines shall embody lifting means along a mast and may include lateral handling facilities. Also included is the transfer equipment used to change between aisles. Control of machines may range from manual to fully automatic.
S/R-machine-related satellite vehicles according to definition 3.20 are included as a load-handling-device (LHD).
References in this standard to racking, buildings and systems only apply where it is necessary to assess the hazards and risks at their interfaces with S/R machines.
This document deals with all significant hazards relevant to rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment, when they are used under the conditions intended by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse (see Annex F "List of significant hazards")).
This document applies to machines and equipment that are manufactured after the date of issue of this document.
Illustrations of examples of machines and transfer equipment to which this standard applies are shown in Annex A.
Safety requirements and/or measures in this standard apply to equipment used under indoor conditions. However, additional risk assessments and safety measures need to be considered for uses in severe conditions, e.g. extremely high temperatures, loads, the nature of which could lead to a dangerous situation (e.g. especially brittle loads, explosives), earthquake effects and also contact with foodstuff.
This document also deals with the technical requirements for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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The present document specifies the functional accessibility requirements applicable to ICT products and services, together with a description of the test procedures and evaluation methodology for each accessibility requirement in a form that is suitable for use in public procurement within Europe. The present document is intended to be used with Web based technologies, non-web technologies and hybrids that use both. It covers both software and hardware as well as services. It is intended for use by both providers and procurers, but it is expected that it will also be of use to many others as well. The relationship between the present document and the essential requirements of Directive 2016/2102 on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies is given in Annex A. The present document contains the necessary functional requirements and provides a reference document such that if procedures are followed by different actors, the results of testing are similar and the interpretation of those results is clear. The test descriptions and evaluation methodology included in the present document are elaborated to a level of detail compliant with ISO/IEC 17007:2009, so that conformance testing can give conclusive results.

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This document specifies tolerances, deformations and clearances that pertain to the production, assembly and erection and performance under load of pallet racking and cantilever racking. These tolerances, deformations and clearances are important in relation to the functional requirements and ensuring the proper interaction of the handling equipment used by personnel, trained and qualified as competent, in association with the specific type of racking system. The interaction conditions are also important in determining the reliability of the storage system to ensure that the chance of mechanical handling equipment impact, pallet impact or a system breakdown is acceptably low.
This document is limited to:
— single deep adjustable beam pallet racking operated with industrial trucks;
— single and double deep adjustable beam pallet racking operated with stacker cranes;
— drive-in and drive through racking systems operated with industrial trucks;
— cantilever racking systems operated with industrial trucks.
This document does not apply to specialized types of equipment such as automated trucks, miniload, satellite systems, systems involving the use of articulated trucks, trucks using intrusive stacking methods or industrial truck serviced rack-clad buildings.
This document specifically excludes the tolerances and deformation of the industrial trucks, stacker cranes and floors.
It is the responsibility of the specifier in cooperation with the client or user to ensure that the tolerances, deformations and clearances, as quoted in this document are acceptable for safe operation of the overall system considering all factors of influence and the user informed by means such as operation instructions. The specifier can carry out appropriate design/calculations to vary some of the parameters provided that an equivalent safe operation is achieved.
This document gives guidance to be used in conjunction with mechanical handling equipment and floor information.
This document gives guidance to be used in conjunction with mechanical handling equipment and floor information.

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This Part 4 of EN 12195
- specifies safety requirements for lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes and lashing combina-tions with lashing steel wire ropes for the safe surface transport of loads on load carriers, e. g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof;
- stipulates procedures for testing lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes;
- deals with hazards which could occur when lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes are in use as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4 and Annex A).

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This Part 4 of EN 12195
- specifies safety requirements for lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes and lashing combina-tions with lashing steel wire ropes for the safe surface transport of loads on load carriers, e. g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof;
- stipulates procedures for testing lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes;
- deals with hazards which could occur when lashing steel wire ropes and flat lashing steel wire ropes are in use as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4 and Annex A).

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This Part of EN 12195 specifies safety requirements for lashing chains and lashing combinations with chain for the safe surface transport of goods on load carriers, e.g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof. The standard includes only tensioning devices to be hand driven with a maximum handforce of 500 N. It does not give requirements for multi-purpose lover blocks other than to the type of fine calibrated chain and the additional marking  of the maximum hand-operating force.
This part of EN 12195 deals with hazards which could occur when lashing chains are in use as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4 and Annex A).

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This Part of EN 12195 specifies safety requirements for web lashing made from man-made fibres with flat woven webbings for multiple use and of lashing combinations with woven webbings for the safe surface transport of goods on road vehicles, e.g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof; specifies methods for testing of web lashing for securing of loads; etc.

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This Part of EN 12195 specifies safety requirements for lashing chains and lashing combinations with chain for the safe surface transport of goods on load carriers, e.g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof. The standard includes only tensioning devices to be hand driven with a maximum handforce of 500 N. It does not give requirements for multi-purpose lover blocks other than to the type of fine calibrated chain and the additional marking  of the maximum hand-operating force.
This part of EN 12195 deals with hazards which could occur when lashing chains are in use as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4 and Annex A).

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This Part of EN 12195 specifies safety requirements for web lashing made from man-made fibres with flat woven webbings for multiple use and of lashing combinations with woven webbings for the safe surface transport of goods on road vehicles, e.g. trucks and trailers which are used on roads or located on vessels or on rail waggons and/or combinations thereof; specifies methods for testing of web lashing for securing of loads; etc.

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Gives special safety rules for storage equipment for loose bulk materials, such as hoppers, silos, storage bins and bunkers, and bin gates. These safety rules apply regardless of the use for which the equipment is intended.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in the EN 1993 series. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through, pallet live storage, push back, shuttle systems, systems where two or more cranes operates one above another in the same aisle and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems.
For the specific design of adjustable pallet racking for use in Seismic areas, this standard should be used in combination with EN 16681 Adjustable pallet racking systems — Principles for seismic design.

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This Part of prEN 12195 specifies acceleration coefficients for surface transport. It also gives methods of calculation of lashing forces acting on goods on load carriers, lorries, trailers and swap bodies, either on road, on vessels or by rail and/or combinations thereof for different types of load and different types of lashing. It  excludes the hump shunting during railway transport (web lashings see EN 12195-2, lashing chains see EN 12195-3, wire lashing ropes see prEN 12195-4).
The lashing forces to be chosen for calculation in this EN 12195-1 are static forces produced by tensioning of lashings and dynamic forces, which act on the lashing as a reaction of the load movements.
Instructions for the application of calculations are also specified.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in the EN 1993 series. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through, pallet live storage, push back, shuttle systems, systems where two or more cranes operates one above another in the same aisle and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems.
For the specific design of adjustable pallet racking for use in Seismic areas, this standard should be used in combination with EN 16681 Adjustable pallet racking systems — Principles for seismic design.

  • Draft
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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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This Part of prEN 12195 specifies acceleration coefficients for surface transport. It also gives methods of calculation of lashing forces acting on goods on load carriers, lorries, trailers and swap bodies, either on road, on vessels or by rail and/or combinations thereof for different types of load and different types of lashing. It  excludes the hump shunting during railway transport (web lashings see EN 12195-2, lashing chains see EN 12195-3, wire lashing ropes see prEN 12195-4).
The lashing forces to be chosen for calculation in this EN 12195-1 are static forces produced by tensioning of lashings and dynamic forces, which act on the lashing as a reaction of the load movements.
Instructions for the application of calculations are also specified.

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This European Standard specifies tolerances, deformations and clearances that pertain to the production, assembly and erection of pallet racking including the interaction with floors. These tolerances, deformations and clearances are important in relation to the functional requirements and ensuring the proper interaction of the handling equipment used by personnel, trained and qualified as competent, in association with the specific type of racking system. The interaction conditions are also important in determining the reliability of the storage system to ensure that the chance of an industrial truck impact, pallet impact or a system breakdown is acceptably low.
This European Standard gives guidance for a variety of issues including operating clearances, manufacturing, assembly and erection tolerance limitations, as well as deflection or strain deformation limitations under loads.
The scope of this European Standard is limited to single deep adjustable beam pallet racking operated with industrial trucks or stacker cranes.
This European Standard specifically excludes the tolerances and deformation, of the trucks and stacker cranes. It is the responsibility of the truck or stacker crane supplier and the client or user to ensure that the tolerances, deformations and clearances, as quoted in this European Standard for the racking systems, are acceptable for the safe operation of the overall system.
This European Standard shall be read in accordance with the latest guidance from the truck and stacker crane suppliers regarding turning radii, tolerances and deformations of the truck and stacker cranes.

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This standard applies to all types of S/R machines, restricted to the rails on which they travel within and outside the aisles, which embody lifting means and may embody lateral handling facilities, for the storage and retrieval of unit loads and/or long goods such as bar materials and/or for order picking or similar duties. Also included is the transfer equipment used to change between aisles. Control of machines may range from manual to fully automatic.
This standard does not apply to free ranging industrial trucks or robots.
References in this standard to racking, buildings and systems only apply where it is necessary to assess the hazards and risks at their interfaces with S/R machines.
This standard deals with all significant hazards relevant to rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment, when they are used as intended under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
This standard applies to machines and equipment that are manufactured after the date of issue of this standard.
Illustrations of examples of machines and transfer equipment to which this standard applies are shown in Annex A.
   Safety requirements and/or measures in this standard apply to equipment used under indoor conditions. However, additional risk assessments and safety measures need to be considered for uses in severe conditions, e. g. freezer applications, high temperatures, loads, the nature of which could lead to a dangerous situation (e. g. especially brittle loads, explosives), earthquake effects and also contact with foodstuff. Hazards during decommissioning are not covered.
   This European Standard deals as well with the technical requirements for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
Noise emitted by these machines is not considered as significant but as a relevant hazard. This means that the manufacturer of the machine is obliged to carry out noise reduction and indicate the noise level.

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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This Part of prEN 12195 specifies acceleration coefficients for surface transport. It also gives methods of calculation of lashing forces acting on goods on load carriers, lorries, trailers and swap bodies, either on road, on vessels or by rail and/or combinations thereof for different types of load and different types of lashing. It  excludes the hump shunting during railway transport (web lashings see EN 12195-2, lashing chains see EN 12195-3, wire lashing ropes see prEN 12195-4).
The lashing forces to be chosen for calculation in this EN 12195-1 are static forces produced by tensioning of lashings and dynamic forces, which act on the lashing as a reaction of the load movements.
Instructions for the application of calculations are also specified.

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This Part of prEN 12195 specifies acceleration coefficients for surface transport. It also gives methods of calculation of lashing forces acting on goods on load carriers, lorries, trailers and swap bodies, either on road, on vessels or by rail and/or combinations thereof for different types of load and different types of lashing. It  excludes the hump shunting during railway transport (web lashings see EN 12195-2, lashing chains see EN 12195-3, wire lashing ropes see prEN 12195-4).
The lashing forces to be chosen for calculation in this EN 12195-1 are static forces produced by tensioning of lashings and dynamic forces, which act on the lashing as a reaction of the load movements.
Instructions for the application of calculations are also specified.

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Safety categories according to EN 954-1 for storage and retrieval machines

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements for the following types of power-operated storage equipment:
3   carrousels with load elements suspended by chains,
3   storage lifts with load elements suspended by chains, belts, ropes or rack and pinions,
3   mobile shelving, pallet racking and cantilever racking,
with the object of minimising the hazards described in clause 4 and Annex D. These hazards can arise during installation, starting up, operation, maintenance, testing and dismantling of the equipment.
1.2   The safety requirements and/or measures taken in this standard must be applied to storage equipment which operates indoors. Under difficult conditions, additional hazard analysis and safety measures must be taken into account, e. g. outdoor conditions, freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, strong magnetic fields, risk of explosive atmosphere, radioactive conditions, storage goods which due to their nature could generate hazardous situations (e. g. molten metal, acids/alkalis, fragile goods or explosives), effects of earthquakes and also contact with food. This standard sets no additional requirements to electromagnetic compatibility (emissive interference -interference immunity).
1.3   Examples of power-operated storage equipment to which this standard applies are shown in Appendix A.
1.4   With regard to buildings and parts of buildings, this standard applies only insofar that an assessment regarding hazards and risks in connection with interfaces to the storage equipment is carried out.
1.5   Storage equipment whose only power source is directly used human labour or gravity are excluded from the scope of application of this  standard.
1.6   Power-operated storage equipment or parts of them are not considered to be lifts (elevators), and do not fall under the regulations for lifts.
1.7   This standard does not take hazards into account, which arise from noisy environments or environments subject to electromagnetic int

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a) vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b) peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c) requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d) goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e) power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f) transmission and interface of remote controls;
g) automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h) the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i) the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a) hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b) hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e) hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f) hazards caused by noise;
g) hazar

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1.1  This standard is applicable to the calculation, design, construction, safety devices, installation, use, maintenance,  and testing of dock levellers.  with the exception of  a) dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications, b) lifting tables, c) vehicles mounted tail lifts.  NOTE 1 : Requirements for lifting tables are laid down in prEN 1570. NOTE 2 : Requirements for vehicles mounted tail lifts are laid down in prEN 1756-1  1.2 This standard includes dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e.g forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles  and rail waggons, and parts buildings such  as loading docks. This standard does not deal with bridging devices where the load is a complete vehicle, such as a self propelled vehicle or towed trailer.           [The scope of the complete standard includes illustrations of types of dock levellers.]  1.3 This standard containes requirements in order to protect persons  and objects against accidents and damage during use and operation of dock levellers.  1.4 Persons to be protected are  a) operators, b) maintaining and inspecting personnel, c) persons near the dock leveller.  1.5 Objects to be protected are  a) goods on dock levellers, b) transport equipment on dock levellers.  1.6 The significant hazards of docks levellers are listed in clause 4. These hazards have been identified by risk assessment according to EN 292-2 and require actions  to avoid the hazard, or to reduce the risk, which are covered in clauses 5 and 6.  1.7 The safety requirements are based on the assumption that the dock levellers are regularly maintained  by competent persons to the instructions of the manufacturer and that the operating persons  have been instructed in the use of the dock levellers.

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1.1   This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the risks due to the hazards listed in clause 4, which can arise during installation , operation and maintenance of permanently installed equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles, as defined in 3.1 to 3.4 below. Requirements are also given on the provision of information for use, which includes requirements for the drafting of the instructions. Electromagnetic compatibility requirements are also covered.
1.2   This European Standard applies to equipment and systems for the power driven parking of motor vehicles which have four wheels, are within a maximum size envelope of 5,30 m long, by 2,30 m wide, by 2,20 m high and have a mass less than 2500 kg. The equipment can be manually or automatically controlled.
1.3   This standard does not cover:
a) vehicle lifts (see EN 1493);
b) peripheral devices, which do not handle motor vehicles, e.g. parking meters, ticket machines;
c) requirements related to the building even if they support directly stored vehicles;
d) goods only lifts in accordance with EN 81-31;
e) power driven parking equipment intended for lifting and/or transporting any person;
f) transmission and interface of remote controls;
g) automatic parking equipment with transfer areas which move;
h) the use of power driven parking equipment by wheelchair users and deaf persons;
i) the workplace of any attendant.
1.4   This standard does not deal with the following:
a) hazards arising if loads, or other items fall from vehicles;
b) hazards arising if fuel or oil leaks from vehicles;
c) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in electromagnetic fields outside the range of
EN 61000-6-2;
d) hazards caused by operating the equipment/system in areas subject to special regulations (e.g. explosive atmospheres, fire risks);
e) hazards caused by the use of dangerous/toxic materials, e.g. special hydraulic oil;
f) hazards caused by noise;
g) hazar

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This European Standard specifies the structural design requirements applicable to all types of adjustable beam pallet rack systems fabricated from steel members intended for the storage of unit loads and subject to predominantly static loads. Both un-braced and braced systems are included.
This European Standard gives guidelines for the design of clad rack buildings where requirements are not covered in EN 1993. The requirements of this European Standard also apply to ancillary structures, where rack components are employed as the main structural members.
This European Standard does not cover other generic types of storage structures. Specifically, this European Standard does not apply to mobile storage systems, drive-in, drive-through and cantilever racks or static steel shelving systems, nor does this European Standard establish specific design rules for the assessment of racking in seismic areas.

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1.1  This standard is applicable to the calculation, design, construction, safety devices, installation, use, maintenance,  and testing of dock levellers.  with the exception of  a) dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications, b) lifting tables, c) vehicles mounted tail lifts.  NOTE 1 : Requirements for lifting tables are laid down in prEN 1570. NOTE 2 : Requirements for vehicles mounted tail lifts are laid down in prEN 1756-1  1.2 This standard includes dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e.g forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles  and rail waggons, and parts buildings such  as loading docks. This standard does not deal with bridging devices where the load is a complete vehicle, such as a self propelled vehicle or towed trailer.           [The scope of the complete standard includes illustrations of types of dock levellers.]  1.3 This standard containes requirements in order to protect persons  and objects against accidents and damage during use and operation of dock levellers.  1.4 Persons to be protected are  a) operators, b) maintaining and inspecting personnel, c) persons near the dock leveller.  1.5 Objects to be protected are  a) goods on dock levellers, b) transport equipment on dock levellers.  1.6 The significant hazards of docks levellers are listed in clause 4. These hazards have been identified by risk assessment according to EN 292-2 and require actions  to avoid the hazard, or to reduce the risk, which are covered in clauses 5 and 6.  1.7 The safety requirements are based on the assumption that the dock levellers are regularly maintained  by competent persons to the instructions of the manufacturer and that the operating persons  have been instructed in the use of the dock levellers.

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