This document specifies a test procedure to confirm that the force necessary to pull the anchorage of a rail fastening assembly out of the sleeper or other supporting element is greater than a prescribed value (i.e. it is a "proof load" test).
This test is for components of the fastening system which are:
a)   cast into concrete during the manufacture of sleepers or other supporting elements;
b)   glued into the cast or drilled holes in concrete; or
c)   screwed or otherwise attached to wood, polymeric composite or steel sleepers or other supporting elements.
This test is not applicable to embedded rails.

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This document specifies the terms and definitions used in the ISO 22074 series of standards related to rail fastening systems.
NOTE In this document, there are some entries where more than one term is listed in the header (e.g. sleeper, tie, cross tie in 3.2.3). In such cases, the first term is the preferred term, generally used in the ISO 22074 series of standards. The other terms are also in common use in the railway industry and are considered to be synonymous (admitted terms).

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This document specifies a laboratory test procedure for determining the electrical resistance, in wet conditions, between the running rails provided by a fastening system fitted to a steel or concrete sleeper, bearer or element of ballastless track.
It is also applicable to embedded rail.
This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly. It is relevant to signalling currents, not to traction currents.
A reference procedure and an alternative procedure are included.

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This document specifies a laboratory test procedure for applying repeated load cycles which generate displacement cycles representative of the displacements caused by traffic on railway track. It is used for assessing the long-term performance of rail fastening systems.
This document is applicable to surface mounted rail on sleepers, bearers and slab track and embedded rail.
This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly.

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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure for determining the clamping force exerted by the fastening system on the foot of the rail by measuring the force to separate the rail foot from its immediate support. When required, the procedure is also used to determine the uplift stiffness of the fastening system.
It is applicable to systems with and without baseplates on all types of sleepers, bearers or elements of ballastless track. The test does not determine the security of the fastening components fixed into the sleeper or other fastening system support.
This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly. It is not applicable to fastening systems for embedded rail or other fastening systems which do not act on the foot of the rail.

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This document specifies a laboratory test procedure for finding the effect of exposure to severe environmental conditions on the fastening system.
This test procedure applies to a complete fastening assembly including embedded rail with mechanical fastenings. It is not applicable to embedded rail systems relying on adhesive components to secure the rail.

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This document specifies the laboratory test procedure to determine:
a)   the maximum longitudinal force that can be applied to a rail, secured to a sleeper, bearer or element of ballastless track by a rail fastening assembly, without non-elastic displacement of the rail occurring, or the longitudinal stiffness at a specified longitudinal displacement of a specimen of embedded rail with an adhesive fastening system, and for any type of fastening;
b)   the shear displacement and slip data required for track-bridge interaction calculations.

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This document specifies laboratory test procedures to determine the static and low-frequency dynamic stiffness of rail pads, baseplate pads and complete rail fastening assemblies.

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This European Standard deals with mechanical rail joints for flat bottom rails 46 kg/m and over. The scope of this standard is: to
establish requirements for insulated and non-insulated rail joints, for stressed rail (continuous welded rail, CWR) and unstressed rail (jointed track); to define mechanical and electrical requirements for type approval and for acceptance of insulated rail joints which are manufactured in a factory (prefab construction) as well as assembled onsite (site construction). This standard specifies the minimum requirements. Special applications as for instance tram systems may require different demands in certain paragraphs and should be agreed between customer and supplier. The scope also excludes expansion joints (it is covered in EN 13232-8), and special joints in switch constructions.

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This European Standard specifies the laboratory method for measuring the sound absorption performance of railway noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation in reverberant conditions. It covers the assessment of the intrinsic sound absorption performance of devices that can reasonably be assembled inside the testing facility described in EN ISO 354.
This method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation to be installed on railways in non-reverberant conditions.
The test method in EN ISO 354 referred to in this European Standard excludes devices that act as weakly damped resonators. Some devices will depart significantly from these requirements and in these cases, care is needed in interpreting the results.

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This document specifies the laboratory method for measuring the airborne sound insulation performance of railway noise barriers in reverberant conditions. It covers the assessment of the intrinsic performance of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation that can reasonably be assembled inside the testing facility described in EN ISO 10140 2 and EN ISO 10140 4.
This method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise barriers to be installed on railway in non-reverberant conditions.
All noise reducing devices different from noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation, e.g. devices for attenuation of ground borne vibration and on board devices, are out of the scope of this document.

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This document describes a test method for measuring a quantity representative of the intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption from railway noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation, the sound reflection index RI, and then calculate a single-number rating for sound absorption from it.
The test method is intended for the following applications:
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation to be installed along railways, to be measured either on typical installations alongside railways or on a relevant sample section;
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation in actual use under direct sound field conditions;
-   comparison of design specifications with actual performance data after the completion of the construction work;
-   verification of the long-term performance of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation (with a repeated application of the method).
The test method is not intended for the following applications:
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption of noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation to be installed in reverberant conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep trenches.
Results for the sound reflection index are expressed as a function of frequency, in one-third octave bands, where possible, between 100 Hz and 5 kHz. If it is not possible to get valid measurements results over the whole frequency range indicated, the results are given in a restricted frequency range and the reasons of the restriction(s) are clearly reported.

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This document describes a test method for measuring a quantity representative of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation for rail noise barriers and related devices: the sound insulation index.
The test method is intended for the following applications:
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise barriers and related devices to be installed along railways, to be measured either on typical installations alongside railways or in laboratory conditions;
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise barriers and related devices in actual use;
-   comparison of design specifications with actual performance data after the completion of the construction work;
-   verification of the long-term performance of noise barriers and related devices (with a repeated application of the method);
-   interactive design process of new products, including the formulation of installation manuals.
The test method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise barriers and related devices to be installed in reverberant conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep trenches or under covers.
Results are expressed as a function of frequency in one-third octave bands, where possible, between 100 Hz and 5 kHz. If it is not possible to get valid measurement results over the whole frequency range indicated, the results need to be given in a restricted frequency range and the reasons for the restriction(s) need to be clearly reported.

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This document specifies technical requirements and tolerances for the acceptance of works on ballasted track situated on:
-   plain line;
-   switches and crossings; and
-   rail expansion devices as part of the track
for 1 435 mm and wider track gauge railways.
The works on ballasted track, hereafter referred to as track works, concern construction of new track, track renewal and track maintenance.
This document specifies the requirements for substructure works, track geometry, absolute track position, working parameters of on track machines, track components, ballast cross section, structure gauge, stressing works, specific measurements and quality checks for switches and crossings and rail expansion devices, and for the measuring systems used to perform measurements, verifications and checks for the scope of acceptance. Requirements for responsibilities and documentation necessary for the acceptance of track works are specified.
This document also requires compliance of all track materials with the customer’s relevant acceptance criteria and specifications provided by the supplier.
This document does not cover works related to reprofiling the railhead or the associated measurements, except for some measurements related to safety, as these works are covered by other parts of EN 13231 series.
Platform reconstruction works and level crossing works are not covered by this document.
This document does not apply to urban rail systems or ballastless track.

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This document specifies a normalized railway noise spectrum for the evaluation and assessment of the acoustic performance of devices designed to reduce airborne railway noise near railways.
All noise reducing devices different from noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation, e.g. devices for attenuation of ground borne vibration and on board devices are outside of the scope of this document.

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This document specifies a normalized railway noise spectrum for the evaluation and assessment of the acoustic performance of devices designed to reduce airborne railway noise near railways.
All noise reducing devices different from noise barriers and related devices acting on airborne sound propagation, e.g. devices for attenuation of ground borne vibration and on board devices are outside of the scope of this document.

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The scope of this part is:
-   to describe the design process of switches and crossings, and the use of the other parts of this standard;
-   to define the main criteria to be taken into account during the design of the layout, including the safety and functional dimensions as well as geometrical and material aspects;
-   to define the main criteria to be verified during the design approval;
-   to define the geometrical and non-geometrical acceptance criteria for inspection of layouts assembled both in the fabrication plant and at track site in case of layouts that are delivered non or partially assembled or in a "kit" form;
-   to determine the limits of supply;
-   to define the minimum requirements for traceability.
This European Standard applies only to layouts that are assembled in the manufacturing plant or that are assembled for the first time at trackside.
Other aspects such as installation and maintenance also influence performance; these are not considered as part of this European Standard.

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This European Standard provides an accepted "terminology" for switch and crossing work. With the assistance of diagrams, the various components are given definitions, and these specific names are regarded as obligatory.
The definitions cover the constituent parts and design geometry of switch and crossing work, and include the movement of switches. Additional terminology of a more specific nature will be defined in the relevant part of the series.
The present definitions set out the terms most generally used for the geometrical form and the construction of switches and crossings, omitting those of too special a nature.

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This document:
—   establishes a working definition for switches and their constituent parts and identify the main types;
—   specifies the minimum requirements for the manufacture of the switches and/or constituent parts;
—   specifies codes of practice for inspection and manufacturing tolerances of both full and half sets of switches and their constituent parts;
—   establishes the limits and scope of supply;
—   lists the methods by which switches and their parts should be identified and traced;
—   lists the different and varying ways by which switches can be described using the following parameters:
—   geometry of the switches;
—   types of construction;
—   performance requirements;
—   design criteria;
—   tolerances and inspection.

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This document:
—   establishes the design process for switches and crossings (S&C), and the use of the other parts of this standard;
—   specifies the geometric design principles for wheel guidance;
—   establishes the basic limits of supply;
—   establishes the applied forces and their adequate support;
—   specifies tolerance levels.
These are illustrated herein by application to a turnout. The main switch and crossing components are represented in turnouts and the principles used in turnouts apply equally to more complex layouts.

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This document:
—   Establish a working terminology for fixed crossings and their constituent parts, and identifies the main types;
—   specifies the different and varying ways by which crossings can be described using the following parameters:
—   geometry of the crossing;
—   types of construction;
—   design criteria;
—   manufacturing processes;
—   tolerances and inspection.

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This document determines the interface between moveable parts and the actuation, locking and detection equipment, and defines the basic criteria for switches and crossing with moveable parts in respect of the interface.
It concerns:
—   rules, parameters and tolerances for alternative positions of the moveable parts;
—   criteria and limits for the forces which move and restrain the moveable parts.

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This document:
—   establishes a working terminology for crossings with moveable parts, which means crossings with moveable parts to close the gap of the running edge, and their constituent parts, and identify the main types;
—   lists the minimum requirements for the manufacture of crossings with moveable parts and/or their constituent parts;
—   formulates codes of practice for factory inspection and tolerances for crossings with moveable parts and/or their constituent parts;
—   establishes the limits and extent of supply;
—   lists the method by which crossings with moveable parts and their constructional parts should be identified;
—   lists the different and varying ways by which crossings with moveable parts can be described, using the following parameters:
—   geometry of crossings;
—   types of construction;
—   performance requirements;
—   design criteria;
—   tolerances and inspection.

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This document specifies rules and limits for track alignment design parameters, including alignments within switches and crossings. Several of these limits are functions of speed. Alternatively, for a given track alignment, it specifies rules and limits that determine permissible speed with regards to track alignment.
This document applies to urban or suburban rail networks for passenger services not integrated with the national network.
Sections of urban or suburban rail networks integrated in the national rail networks are not covered by this document. They are covered by EN 13803 (or for nominal track gauges smaller than 1 435 mm by national alignment rules).
For the purpose of this document, urban or suburban rail networks include:
-   Networks designed for own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic,
and
-   Networks (partly) not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, with shared lanes.
This document applies to rail systems with steel wheels running on steel vignole or grooved rails. Rail systems with specific construction issues (e.g. rack railways, funicular railways and other types of cable drawn rail systems) are not covered by this document.
This document defines the parameters, rules and limits for nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 000 mm with permissible speeds up to 120 km/h. For other nominal track gauges, this document defines conversion rules which shall be used to define the limits.

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This document defines the main wheel/track interaction criteria to be taken into account during the geometrical design of railway switches and crossings (S&C) layouts.
It specifies:
—   characterization of wheel and track dimensions;
—   geometric design principles for wheel guidance;
—   design principles for wheel load transfer;
—   whether movable crossings are needed.
These are illustrated by their application to turnout components:
—   switches;
—   crossings;
—   check rails,
but the principles apply equally to more complex units. There are also simplified definitions of the safety and functional dimensions, which can be used in conjunction with the general principles as the basis for more in-depth assessment.

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This part of EN 13232 covers the following subjects: to establish a working terminology for expansion devices, for their constituent parts and for the types; to specify the minimum manufacturing requirements for expansion devices and their constituent parts; to formulate codes of practice for inspection and tolerances; to define the method by which expansion devices and their parts should be identified and traced.

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This document specifies the procedures of visual testing and ultrasonic testing of rail welds in track for rail profiles meeting the requirements of EN 13674-1.
This document specifies the principles for testing procedures for manufactured welds. This document defines the procedure for repair welds and joint welds. This document does not define the number of welds to be tested.
This document is not concerned with the approval of the welding procedure.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems, in Categories A - E as specified in EN 13481-1:2012, 3.1 for use on wood or polymeric composite sleepers in ballasted or ballastless track, including track on open deck bridges, with respective maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii as shown in Table 1.
[Table 1 - Fastening category criteria]
NOTE   The maximum axle load for Categories A and B does not apply to maintenance vehicles.
The requirements apply to:
-   fastening systems that act on the foot and/or web of the rail including direct fastening systems and indirect fastening systems;
-   fastening systems for rail sections included in EN 13674-1:2011+A1:2017 (excluding 49E4) or EN 13674-4:2019.
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections, rigid fastening systems, special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints or special low clamping force fastenings used to mitigate track-bridge interaction effects.
This document is for type approval of complete fastening systems.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems in Categories A - E as specified in EN 13481-1:2012, 3.1 for use on concrete sleepers in ballasted track with maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii as shown in Table 1.
[Table 1 - Fastening category criteria]
NOTE   The maximum axle load for Categories A and B does not apply to maintenance vehicles.
The requirements apply to:
-   fastening systems which act on the foot and/or web of the rail including direct fastening systems and indirect fastening systems;
-   fastening systems for rail sections included in EN 13674-1 (excluding 49E4) or EN 13674-4.
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections, rigid fastening systems or special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints.
This document is for the type approval of complete fastening systems.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems, in Categories A - D as specified in EN 13481-1:2012, 3.1 for attaching rails to the uppermost surface of concrete or steel elements in ballastless tracks, including tracks on open deck bridges, and for embedded rails in ballastless tracks, for maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii in accordance with Table 1.
[Table 1 - Fastening category criteria]
NOTE   The maximum axle load for Categories A and B does not apply to maintenance vehicles.
The requirements apply to:
-   fastening systems which act on the foot and/or web of the rail including direct fastening systems and indirect fastening systems;
-   fastening systems for rail sections included in EN 13674-1 (excluding 49E4), or EN 13674-4.
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for wood or polymer composite sleepers used in ballastless track, which are included in EN 13481-3.
This document is not applicable to rigid fastening systems, special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints or special low clamping force fastenings used to mitigate track-bridge interaction effects.
This document is for type approval of complete fastening systems. In track forms in which there are rail seat blocks or sleepers mounted in "boots" (under-sleeper pads) the concrete element and its resilient support are considered to be parts of the elastic fastening system. If the track form includes floating slabs, (i.e. resiliently supported concrete elements with more than one fastening per rail) those concrete elements and their resilient supports are considered to be parts of the ballastless track and not of the fastening system.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems in Categories A - E as specified in EN 13481-1:2012, 3.1 for use in switches and crossings (S&C). It also provides guidance on evaluating fastening systems for check rails, expansion devices and insulated rail joints whether in switches and crossings or in plain line. The document applies to five categories of fastenings used in tracks with respective maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii as shown in Table 1.
[Table 1 - Fastening category criteria]
NOTE 1   The maximum axle load for Categories A and B does not apply to maintenance vehicles.
NOTE 2   The minimum curve radius is not applicable to applications in switches and crossings.
The requirements apply to fastening systems for rail sections included in the EN 13674 series of standards (excluding 49E4).
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections or rigid fastening systems used on running rails.
This document is for type approval of complete fastening systems.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems, in Categories A - E as specified in EN 13481-1:2012, 3.1, for use on rectilinear steel sleepers in ballasted track with maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii in accordance with Table 1.
[Table 1 - Fastening category criteria]
NOTE   The maximum axle load for Categories A and B does not apply to maintenance vehicles.
The requirements apply to:
-    fastening systems which act on the foot and/or web of the rail including direct fastening systems and indirect fastening systems;
-    fastening systems for rail sections included in EN 13674-1 (excluding 49E4) or EN 13674-4.
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections, rigid fastening systems, special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints or special low clamping force fastenings used to mitigate track-bridge interaction effects.
This document is for type approval of complete fastening systems.

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This document is applicable to Resilient Elements for Floating Slab system (REFS) – Elements used in floating slab and defines the test procedures and their acceptance criteria.
The document covers not only those parameters related to the effectiveness of a track structure in mitigating vibrations, that is, to reduce the emission of vibrations and structure-borne noise, but also the parameters that are needed for the static analysis and for the verification of track safety.
Floating slab track systems in the form of track base plates and track troughs are individual solutions in which there is considerable variation in the engineering design and the types of resilient elements used. For this reason, a floating slab track system is always an individual engineering solution and therefore, it is not possible to define all specific conditions for the resilient elements in the present document.
The most typical types of resilient elements are:
—   Full surface bearings,
—   Strip bearings,
—   Discrete bearings (including the helical steel spring element),
—   Vertical bearings.
This document provides particular information in the following areas:
—   test methods, test arrangements and acceptance criteria,
—   data supplied by the purchaser and by the supplier,
—   definition of general process of design approval tests,
—   definition of routine tests.
This document defines the specific test procedures for REFS:
—   stiffness tests,
—   fatigue tests,
—   severe environmental condition test.
This document also sets out procedures for testing fitness for purpose and provides information on quality monitoring as part of quality assurance procedures. This document does not, however, contain requirements pertaining to the functions of Resilient Element for Floating Slab system. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to define these requirements and to choose the optional tests.
This document is not applicable for fastening system and for booted concrete block and sleeper completed with boots covered by EN 13481 5.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for measuring systems fitted on track construction and maintenance machines to give an evaluation of track geometry quality when they measure any one or several of the parameters described in EN 13848-1.
This document also gives the acceptable differences from EN 13848-1 when using chord measurements.
This document does not specify:
—   requirements for vehicle acceptance;
—   criteria for track works acceptance;
—   requirements for Urban Rail Systems.
Only systems put into service after the document comes into force are concerned.

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This document specifies the implementation of ballastless track system designs and the criteria for the acceptance of works concerning construction of ballastless track systems. It does not include any criteria for inspecting, maintaining, repairing and replacing ballastless track systems during operation.

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This European Standard provides requirements and measures to deal with the significant and specific railway risks during works on or in proximity of the track and with common principles for the protection of fixed and mobile work sites with trains and/or machines circulating on the working track and trains circulating on the adjacent track(s). Railway risks and protection measures for access and egress to/from the work site are considered in the same way as railway risks and protection measures for work itself.
This European Standard is applicable to all operations related to work activities on rail guided systems. Infrastructure of metro, tram and other light rail systems is excluded from the scope ).
The following specific railway risks are taken into consideration:
—   Risk 1: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag  from a train on open working track (safety of the worker);
NOTE 1   Risk 1 includes injuring of a worker by machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the working track.
—   Risk 2: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag from train on adjacent track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 3: Personnel being struck by machine or train on blocked track (safety of the worker);
—   Risk 4: Machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the adjacent track (safety of the operation/safety of the worker);
—   Risk 5: Personnel being electrified or electrocuted by fixed electrical equipment (safety of the worker).
NOTE 2   Risk 5 includes hazards caused by pantographs of passing trains.
This European Standard also provides requirements to the process of installing basic preventive measures when planning new infrastructure or installing corrective measures when adapting existing infrastructure.
This European Standard may be extended to third parties when it is considered appropriate and reasonable by the infrastructure manager, if one or more of the five significant risks described inside this standard, arise as a result of their activities in proximity of the track.

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This European Standard defines the activities related to work on or near the railway track and the associated competence profiles of persons who carry out these activities and defines procedures for assessing the competence.

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This document specifies requirements for the:
-   approval of training facilities, testing and maintaining the skills of aluminothermic welders and welding trainers. It applies to those aluminothermic welding processes compliant with the requirements of EN 14730-1. It requires that the system for training and testing of welders be approved by the railway authority;
-   approval of aluminothermic welding contractors. It applies to those contractors using aluminothermic welding processes compliant with the requirements of EN 14730-1 and who employ welders in the possession of a valid permit to weld as defined in Clause 4 of this document;
-   acceptance of the final aluminothermic weld inspections and aluminothermic weld inspectors approved by the railway authority. It does not cover any previous weld inspections by the welder or others.
This document also applies to aluminothermic welds produced on railway rails as contained in EN 13674-1 to EN 13674-4 and EN 16771.

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1.1   General
This document specifies the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, intended for use on urban rail. These hazards can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail, the machine will comply with the most onerous conditions of FprEN 15746-1 and FprEN 15746-4. In all cases the machine will comply with the requirements set out in FprEN 15746-2.
The requirements in this document amend those in FprEN 15746-1 as required for the use of the machine on urban railways.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Urban Rail Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail
Urban rail systems cover Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and might include other rail systems excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b)).
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of the machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
These risks are normally common regardless of the track gauge.  However, additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This document is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation. Such machines are capable of independent self-propelled movement on the ground.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
Vehicles which are not track-guided themselves but have attachments that are track-guided are not road-rail machines.
The requirements within this document are amended and added to by the requirements in EN 15746 4 for machines designed and intended to use urban rail.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this document.

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines, as defined in EN 15746 1:2020, 3.1, henceforward referred to as machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC.
The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.
NOTE 1   The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.
NOTE 2   This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge; special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines.
Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in this document.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   travelling and working both on and off rails;
-   running on urban rail.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.

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This document specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, arising due to the adaptation for their use on railway networks and urban rail networks. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
This document deals with the common hazards during assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this document. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track construction, renewal, maintenance and repair;
d)   lifting;
e)   overhead contact line system renewal / maintenance;
f)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
g)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   working in tunnels;
i)   shunting;
j)   vegetation control;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this document.
This document does not deal with:
1)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
2)   machines that utilize the contact line system for traction purposes;
3)   specific requirements established by a railway Infrastructure Manager or Urban Rail Manager;
4)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
5)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
6)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
7)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar); see 5.30;
8)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
9)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex E.

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This document specifies the defect management system the infrastructure manager uses to control the risk of severe accidents due to degradation of internal or surface defects on rails complying with EN 13674-1, EN 13674-2, EN 13674-4 and EN 15689:2009 (excluding grooved rails EN 14811 - which need alternative systems).

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This European Standard characterizes the quality of track geometry based on parameters defined in EN 13848 1 and specifies the different track geometry classes which should be considered.
This European Standard covers the following topics:
- description of track geometry quality;
- classification of track quality according to track geometry parameters;
- considerations on how this classification can be used;
- this European Standard applies to high-speed and conventional lines of 1 435 mm and wider gauge;
- this European Standard forms an integral part of EN 13848 series.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements for track geometry measuring principles and track geometry measuring systems in order to produce comparable results when measuring the same track. It applies to all measuring systems, attended or unattended, fitted on any vehicle, except those systems defined in EN 13848 3 and EN 13848 4. Only systems put into service after the standard comes into force are concerned.
This document does not define the requirements for vehicle acceptance.
This document does not apply to measuring systems dedicated to Urban Rail Systems.

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This document defines the technical requirements and measurements for the acceptance of works for longitudinal and/or transverse reprofiling of railway rail heads in plain line, switches and crossings and expansion devices.
This document applies to Vignole rails of 46 kg/m and above according to EN 13674-1.

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This document is applicable to under ballast mats used in ballasted track and defines the test procedures and their evaluation criteria.
This document provides particular information in the following areas:
-   test methods, test arrangements and evaluation criteria of under ballast mats;
-   data supplied by the purchaser and by the supplier;
-   definition of general process of design approval tests;
-   definition of routine tests.
This document defines the specific test procedures for under ballast mats:
-   stiffness tests;
-   fatigue tests;
-   tests for severe environmental conditions.
This document also sets out procedures for testing fitness for purpose and provides information on quality monitoring as part of quality assurance procedures. This document does not, however, contain requirements pertaining to the functions of under ballast mats. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to define these requirements and to choose the optional tests.

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This document is applicable to fastening systems used with grooved rails for tram, urban rail and industrial tracks, with maximum design axle loads and minimum curve radii in accordance with Table 1.
This document is for type approval of a complete fastening assembly only.
Table 1
The requirements apply to fastening systems for the grooved rail profiles in EN 14811 which act on the foot and/or web of the rail.
This document is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections or special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints or in switches and crossings for grooved rails.
NOTE   Requirements for fastenings for use with Vignole rails are included in the EN 13481 series of standards.

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This document provides particular design guidance in the following areas:
-   derivation of characteristic loads and test loads;
-   calculation of characteristic and test bending moments.
The aim of this document is to give guidance for the preparation of all data to be given by the purchaser to the supplier in accordance with Parts 1 to 5 of EN 13230. It applies to gauges 1 000 mm, 1 435 mm, 1 668 mm as well as to all lengths of sleepers and bearers.
This standard gives special criteria for the design of concrete sleepers and bearers as track components. The design methods in the Eurocode do not apply to these concrete elements.
All track parameters to be taken into account for the design of sleepers and bearers are detailed in this standard. Information is given on these parameters so that they can be used as inputs for the design calculation process. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to calculate or determine all track parameters used in this standard.
This standard gives guidance for the design calculation process. It explains how experience and calculation can be combined to use design parameters.
This standard gives examples of numerical data that can be used when applying Clauses 4 to 6 according to the state of the art.

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This document specifies laboratory test procedures to determine the static and dynamic stiffness of rail pads, baseplate pads and complete rail fastening assemblies.

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