1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines, as defined in EN 15746 1:2020, 3.1, henceforward referred to as machines, when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC.
The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.
NOTE 1   The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily mean that the machine has a running mode; some Infrastructure Managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.
NOTE 2   This document is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge; special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines.
Urban rail and railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels are not included in this document.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   travelling and working both on and off rails;
-   running on urban rail.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.

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1.1   General
This document specifies the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, intended for use on urban rail. These hazards can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail, the machine will comply with the most onerous conditions of FprEN 15746-1 and FprEN 15746-4. In all cases the machine will comply with the requirements set out in FprEN 15746-2.
The requirements in this document amend those in FprEN 15746-1 as required for the use of the machine on urban railways.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Urban Rail Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail
Urban rail systems cover Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and might include other rail systems excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b)).
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
(...)

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of the machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
These risks are normally common regardless of the track gauge.  However, additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This document is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation. Such machines are capable of independent self-propelled movement on the ground.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Infrastructure Manager;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
Vehicles which are not track-guided themselves but have attachments that are track-guided are not road-rail machines.
The requirements within this document are amended and added to by the requirements in EN 15746 4 for machines designed and intended to use urban rail.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
1.2   Validity of this document
This document applies to all machines which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this document.

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This document specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, arising due to the adaptation for their use on railway networks and urban rail networks. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
This document deals with the common hazards during assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this document. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track construction, renewal, maintenance and repair;
d)   lifting;
e)   overhead contact line system renewal / maintenance;
f)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
g)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   working in tunnels;
i)   shunting;
j)   vegetation control;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this document.
This document does not deal with:
1)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
2)   machines that utilize the contact line system for traction purposes;
3)   specific requirements established by a railway Infrastructure Manager or Urban Rail Manager;
4)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
5)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
6)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
7)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar); see 5.30;
8)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
9)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex E.

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This document covers machines fitted with rail wheels that are used for the construction, maintenance, inspection, repair and renewal of railway infrastructure. It is also applicable to machines used for emergency rescue purposes on railway infrastructure.
NOTE    Inspection of the infrastructure includes measurement
This document explains the different modes of operation, classification of machines and which standard covers the technical requirements. There is also guidance on the compliance process provided to explain the design review process of different legislation, how these can be combined into one process (to avoid duplication) and achieve a common understanding of what the design review is achieving.

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1.1   General
This document deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of railbound construction and maintenance machines - henceforward referred to as machines, intended for use on urban rail systems. These hazards can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
The requirements in this standard amend those in EN 14033-1 to −3 as required for the use of the machine on urban rail systems. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail systems, compliance with the most onerous conditions of EN 14033-1 to −3 and EN 14033-4 will be required.
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   machines moving and working whilst not on rails;
-   specific requirements established by the machine owner and/or operating company for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the Urban Rail Manager.
This document does not establish additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. in tunnels or cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards that may occur when a machine is used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail systems
Urban rail systems cover Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and might include other rail systems excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b))1.
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
-   (III) Light Rail: Light Rail is defined as a UGT system operated in parts of the system not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, and in parts of the system with segregated right-of-way. The segregation may include some sections of line where inadvertent access is not possible.
-   (IV) Local rail systems which by national decision complying with Article 1 (3) a) or b) of Directive 2008/57/EC may be excluded from the European Community Rail System.

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1.1 General
This European Standard specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to rail bound machines and arising due to the adaptation for their use on railways. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, see Clause 4.
This European Standard applies to railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising friction adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) but including machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
This European Standard specifies the common hazards, in normal circumstances, during running, assembly and installation, commissioning, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines. Additional safety measures can be required by exceptional circumstances, such as extreme ambient temperatures (less than - 20 °C or greater than + 40 °C), highly corrosive or contaminating environment; e.g. due to the presence of chemicals, and potentially explosive atmospheres. Air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h is also not dealt with.
NOTE 1 Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. The specific measures for exceptional circumstances introduced by a railway infrastructure manager and requirements introduced by the manufacturer and/or machine operator as referred to in the scope are not dealt with in this European Standard. When such additional measures are necessary, they should be agreed between the manufacturer and the machine operator. The manufacturer will be responsible for compliance with the Directive(s) concerned independent of this European Standard for additional hazards created by any additional or alternative requirements.
NOTE 2 This European Standard deals only with the additional hazards from the adaptation of a machine for its use on rail. Other standards specific to the particular machine as far as available will need to be used in addition to this European Standard to give the complete requirements.
The common hazards specified include the general hazards presented by the machines, and also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions, common to two or more machine types:
- ballast excavation, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
- tamping;
- track renewal;
- craning;
- maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard does not deal comprehensively with specific machine functions other than the common functions listed in the previous paragraph, or with all possible hazards presented by complete machines or by the combination of functions.
NOTE 3 For such specific functions or hazards, the use of specific European Standards is recommended.
This European Standard does not deal with:
- requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
- machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
- specific requirements introduced by a railway infrastructure manager;
- additional or alternative requirements introduced by the manufacturer and/or operator.

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1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for travelling and working with machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment as specified in EN 14033-1.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles- referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilizing adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex M.
This European Standard is applicable to 1 435 mm nominal track gauge. Some requirements may be applicable for working on infrastructures with nominal narrow track gauge or nominal broad track gauge lines, tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the safety requirements for the railway specific problems for travelling and working on different infrastructures. The application of these requirements is the object of a verification procedure, which does not form part of this European Standard, but an Annex I is included for information. In all cases an authorization to work is needed to access the infrastructure.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to:
-   the requirements with regard to the quality of work, including the related measuring methods, and the performance of the machine; )
-   the specific requirements established by each railway infrastructure manager for the use of machines which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the machine keeper.
This European Standard does not deal with the following additional requirements:
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures (e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as high or low temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely;
-   hazards due to wind pressure greater than normal e.g. pressures caused by the passing of trains at speed in excess of 190 km/h.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines that are ordered one year after the publication date of this European Standard.

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This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for running of machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment. Special national conditions applicable to specific member states are shown in Annex B.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - running exclusively on the railway (utilizing adhesion between the rail and wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex I.
This European Standard is written for 1 435 mm nominal track gauge; special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, urban railways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and wheels and road-rail machines which are not included in this standard.
This European Standard covers the railway specific requirements for movements of the machine as a train and movements to reach work sites.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to deal with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to trailers, as defined in the scope of EN 15954-1, including machinery, attachments and equipment permanently fixed to the trailer, intended for construction, maintenance and/or inspection of the railway infrastructure, emergency rescue and recovery.
This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to deal with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, running on track, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the trailers when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be the subject of negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the trailers, as well as the hazards presented by the following specific trailer functions:
-   track renewal;
-   rail maintenance;
-   craning;
-   catenary renewal / maintenance;
-   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
-   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
-   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
-   emergency rescue and recovery
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard applies to trailers that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex D.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a road-rail trailer will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
This European Standard does not deal with:
a)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of trailers;
b)   specific requirements established by a railway infrastructure manager;
c)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the trailer operator for additional or alternative requirements;
d)   requirements for use and running of the trailer on public highway;
e)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h;
f)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as:
1)   extreme ambient temperatures (below – 20°C or above + 40°C);
2)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
3)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
This European Standard applies to all trailers that are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to deal with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to demountable machines, as defined in EN 15955-1:2013, intended for construction, maintenance inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles.
This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to deal with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, running on track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be the subject of negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, as well as the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
-   excavation;
-   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
-   track renewal;
-   rail maintenance;
-   craning;
-   catenary renewal / maintenance;
-   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
-   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
-   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
-   shunting;
-   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard applies to self-propelled machines that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex D.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a demountable machine will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
This European Standard does not deal with:
a)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
b)   machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
c)   specific requirements established by a railway infrastructure manager;
d)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
e)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h;
f)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as:
1)   extreme ambient temperatures (below − 20 °C or above + 40 °C);
2)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
3)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
This European Standard applies to all machines that are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to minimise the specific railway hazards of trailers and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of trailers when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This European Standard applies to trailers that are not intended to interact with operating signalling and control systems. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex E.
These trailers are not designed or intended for operating signalling and control systems and are only intended to work and run under special operating conditions specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.
These trailers are not intended to be vehicles as defined in the Interoperability Directive and are not permitted to run on the railway lines open to normal traffic. If this is required, they will need to be authorised or placed into service as set out in the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC.
Part 1 of this European Standard deals with the technical railway requirements; Part 2 deals with requirements for the trailer to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of trailers classified in Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC which require conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels, and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable to trailers and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
Where two or more trailers are used together to transport loads in a fixed formation, e.g. where a metal container is fixed to two small trailers, the whole system is treated as a trailer for the purposes of compliance with the requirements of this European Standard.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the trailer;
-   specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of trailers, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the operator;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on the trailer.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding, etc;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions (below – 20 °C or above + 40 °C), corrosive environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
The intended use of these trailers may have operational parameters specified by each infrastructure manager; for example the maximum speed allowed for these trailers is likely to be limited by the infrastructure manager
- compliance with the clauses of this standard does not confer permission for trailers to travel at this speed. These trailers will not be allowed on a track open to normal railway traffic.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all trailers, which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard specifies the technical requirements to minimise the specific railway hazards of self propelled demountable machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of these machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. These machines are not designed or intended to operate signalling and control systems and are only designed and intended to work and run under special operating conditions specifically designated by the infrastructure manager. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex D.
This part of EN 15955 deals with the technical railway requirements; Part 2 deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified in Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC) which requires conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
These demountable machines are not intended to be vehicles as defined in the Interoperability Directive and are not permitted to run on the railway lines open to normal traffic. If this is required, they will need to be authorised or placed into service as set out in the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable to machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the purchaser;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on demountable machines and associated equipment.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions (below – 20 °C or above + 40 °C), corrosive environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
The intended use of these machines may have operational parameters specified by each infrastructure manager, e.g. the maximum speed allowed for these machines is likely to be limited by the infrastructure manager; compliance with the clauses of this standard does not confer permission for machines to travel at this speed. These machines will not be allowed on a track open to normal railway traffic.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines, which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys intended for work on tracks as listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the performance of the machines, e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding.
This European Standard applies to portable machines and trolleys with rail wheels or rollers designed for work whilst on the track with nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in Annex B including, e.g. cutting and drilling machines.
This European Standard does not apply to the additional hazards that may exist due to:
-   the coupling together of trolleys;
-   the towing or pushing of trolleys by other vehicles;
-   the use of trolleys for the transportation of persons;
-   self propelled rail wheeled machines, trolleys coupled to another towing vehicle;
-   hazards due to laser systems.
Other special vehicles used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex H.
This European Standard does not apply to the following ):
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
-   portable machines used from railway vehicles.
This European Standard establishes the additional requirements for electromagnetic compatibility due to e.g. electronic components as well as for hazards due to vibration.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
(....)

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This document specifies the general safety requirements for demountable machines and trailers, including road-rail trailers - henceforward referred to as ‘machines, for use when travelling and working on railway track.
NOTE   Trailers, including road-rail trailers, are considered as machines because they are moved along the track by powered machines.
This document specifies the requirements to deal with the common hazards presented by their use on the railway during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling and working on track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines and associated equipment when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable.
These machines will not run on railway lines open to normal traffic.
NOTE   Other rail mounted railway maintenance and infrastructure inspection machines are dealt with in other European standards, see Technical Report CEN/TR 17498:2020.
This document is also applicable to machines and associated equipment that in working mode are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
The requirements in this document are based on the assumption that the machines are used, operated and maintained by skilled person(s).
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   use of separate equipment temporarily mounted on machines;
-   machines that utilize external power supplies such as the overhead contact line system for traction purposes or as a power source;
-   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h;
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. corrosive environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.

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This document specifies the general safety requirements for demountable machines and trailers, including road-rail trailers - henceforward referred to as ‘machines, for use when travelling and working on railway track.
NOTE   Trailers, including road-rail trailers, are considered as machines because they are moved along the track by powered machines.
This document specifies the requirements to deal with the common hazards presented by their use on the railway during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling and working on track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines and associated equipment when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable.
These machines will not run on railway lines open to normal traffic.
NOTE   Other rail mounted railway maintenance and infrastructure inspection machines are dealt with in other European standards, see Technical Report CEN/TR 17498:2020.
This document is also applicable to machines and associated equipment that in working mode are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
The requirements in this document are based on the assumption that the machines are used, operated and maintained by skilled person(s).
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   use of separate equipment temporarily mounted on machines;
-   machines that utilize external power supplies such as the overhead contact line system for traction purposes or as a power source;
-   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h;
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. corrosive environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for demountable machines and trailers, including road-rail trailers – henceforward referred to as ‘machines’.
This European Standard specifies the requirements to deal with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling and working on track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines and associated equipment when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable; see Clause [tba].
This European standard deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer to the Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC), see Annex ZA, together with additional specific technical railway requirements.
These machines are not designed nor intended to operate signalling and control systems and are only designed and intended to work and travel under special operating conditions specifically designated by the infrastructure manager. These machines are not classified as ‘vehicles’ as defined in the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC and are not permitted to run on the railway lines open to normal traffic. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards; see Annex [tba].
Additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of urban rail, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable to machines and associated equipment that in working mode are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, as well as the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
- excavation;
- ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
- track renewal;
- rail maintenance;
- craning;
- catenary renewal / maintenance;
- maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
- inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
- tunnel inspection / ventilation;
- shunting;
- emergency rescue and recovery;
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
- requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
- specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation;
- separate equipment temporarily mounted on machines.
- machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
- hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 200 km/h
This European Standard does not establish additional requirements for the following:
- operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
- hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
- working methods;
- operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions (below – 20 °C or above + 40 °C), corrosive environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
- hazards due to errors in software;
- hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
The maximum speed allowed for these machines is likely to be limited by the infrastructure manager; compliance with the clauses of this standard does not confer permission for machines to travel at this speed.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a demountable machine will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative when designed and intended for running, travelling and/or working on urban railways only. Where a machine is designed and intended for use on mainline and urban rail the most onerous conditions of prEN 15746 1 and prEN 15746 4 will need to be complied with.
The requirements in this standard amend those in prEN 15746 1 as required for the use of the machine on urban railways.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the controller of an urban railway;
-   moving and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex B.
1.2   Scope of urban rail
Urban rail systems cover both Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT) and other rail systems which might be excluded from the scope of the Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC (Article 1.3 (a) and (b)).
Urban Guided Transport systems (UGT), which cover metro, tram and light rail, are defined as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.
Categories of urban rail systems include:
-   (I) Metros: UGT systems operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic. They are consequently designed for operations in tunnel, viaducts or on surface level but with physical separation in such a way that inadvertent access is not possible. In different parts of the world, Metro systems are also known as the underground, the subway or the tube. Rail systems with specific construction issues operating on a segregated guideway (e.g. monorail, rack railways) are also treated as Metros as long as they are designated as part of the urban public transport network.
-   (II) Trams: UGT systems not segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic, which share their right of way with general road and/or pedestrian traffic and are therefore embedded in their relevant national road traffic legislation (highway codes and specific adaptations).
(...)

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1.1   General
This European Standard specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and attachments as defined in prEN 15746 1:2015, 3.5 and 3.6, and arising due to the adaptation for their use on rail. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer; see Clause 4.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards during running, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, and also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track construction, renewal, maintenance and repair;
d)   craning;
e)   catenary renewal / maintenance;
f)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
g)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
i)   shunting;
j)   vegetation control;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
A manufacturer should carry out an appropriate risk assessment for the complete machine. Irrespective of whether a harmonized standard exists for the machine in road configuration, this should identify any additional hazards arising from the particular application of the chassis and the protective measures required to adequately deal with them.
This European Standard does not deal with:
1)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
2)   machines that utilize the catenary for traction purposes;
3)   specific requirements established by a railway infrastructure manager;
4)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
5)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
6)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
7)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar); see 5.30;
8)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
9)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special vehicles used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex E.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines that are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines as defined in prEN 15746 1:2015, 3.5, henceforward referred to as machines - when designed and intended for running on European railways within the scope of European Directive 2007/58/EC.
The running mode is an option designed by the manufacturer which permits the use of the machine on a specified railway infrastructure without the need for special operational rules.
NOTE   The use of special track safety equipment (i.e. part of automatic train protection systems) does not necessarily infer that the machine has a running mode, some infrastructure managers use such equipment as means of protection for machines in travelling and/or working modes.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager;
-   travelling and working both on and off rails;
-   running on urban rail.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines which are within the scope of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 for locomotives and passenger rolling stock.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self-propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of the machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative.
These risks are normally common regardless of the track gauge however additional requirements can apply for travelling and working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager;
-   running and working while not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
Vehicles which are not track guided themselves but have attachments that are track guided are not road rail machines.
The requirements within this European Standard are amended and added to by the requirements in Part 4 of this series of standards for machines designed and intended to use urban rail.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
For a road-rail machine it is assumed that an EU road permissible host vehicle will offer an accepted safety level for its designed basic functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex G.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this European Standard.

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This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to trailers, as defined in the scope of prEN xxxyy-1:2009, intended for construction, maintenance and/or inspection of the railway infrastructure, emergency rescue and recovery, when they are used as intended by the manufacturer, see clause 4. The manufacturer shall give warning of the risks concerning the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, running on track, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the trailers.
NOTE   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be subject of negotiation between manufacturer and the operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the trailers, and also the hazards presented by the following specific trailer functions:
-   track renewal;
-   rail maintenance;
-   craning;
-   catenary renewal / maintenance;
-   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
-   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
-   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
   emergency rescue and recovery
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard applies to trailers that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a road-rail trailer will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. This specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.

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This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of trailers and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of trailers when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorized representative. This European Standards applies to trailers that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards,
see Annex G.
Note   Machines not intended for operating signalling and control systems are only permitted to run under special conditions and within areas specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.
Part 1 of this European Standard deals with requirements for approval of the trailer by an authorized body, part 2 deals with requirements for the trailer to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of trailers classified in Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive which require conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels, and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for trailers and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
Where two or more trailers are used together to transport loads in a fixed formation, e.g. where a metal container is fixed to two small trailers, the whole system shall be treated as a trailer and comply with the requirements of this European Standard.

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This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self propelled demountable machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of these machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This European Standard applies to machines that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
NOTE   Machines not intended for operating signalling and control systems are only permitted to run under special conditions and within areas specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.
Part 1 of this standard deals with the requirements for approval of machines by an authorised body; part 2 deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified in Machinery Directive, Annex 4 which requires conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the purchaser;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on demountable machines and associated equipment.

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This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self propelled demountable machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of these machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This European Standard applies to machines that are not intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex F.
NOTE   Machines not intended for operating signalling and control systems are only permitted to run under special conditions and within areas specifically designated by the infrastructure manager.
Part 1 of this standard deals with the requirements for approval of machines by an authorised body; part 2 deals with the requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified in Machinery Directive, Annex 4 which requires conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   specific requirements established by the railway infrastructure operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the purchaser;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on demountable machines and associated equipment.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to rail bound machines and arising due to the adaptation for their use on railways. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, see Clause 4.
This European Standard applies to railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising friction adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) but including machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards, in normal circumstances, during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines. Additional safety measures can be required by exceptional circumstances, such as extreme ambient temperatures (less than - 20 °C or greater than + 40 °C), highly corrosive or contaminating environment; e.g. due to the presence of chemicals, and potentially explosive atmospheres. Air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h is also not dealt with.
NOTE 1   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. The specific measures for exceptional circumstances introduced by a railway infrastructure manager and requirements introduced by the manuf

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This European Standard specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to self-propelled road-rail machines and attachments as defined in 3.5 and 3.6 of EN 15746-1:2010 and arising due to the adaptation for their use on rail intended for construction, maintenance inspection of the railway infrastructure, shunting and emergency rescue vehicles, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, see Clause 4.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards during running, assembly and installation, commissioning, travelling on and off track, use including setting, programming, and process changeover, operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines.
NOTE 1   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. They can be subject to negotiation between manufacturer and the machine operator.
The common hazards dealt with include the general hazards presented by the machines, and also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions:
a)   excavation;
b)   ballast tamping, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
c)   track renewal;
d)   rail grinding;
e)   craning;
f)   catenary renewal / maintenance;
g)   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
h)   inspection and measurement of the components of the infrastructure;
i)   tunnel inspection / ventilation;
j)   shunting;
k)   emergency rescue and recovery
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
It is assumed that a finished standard automotive chassis used as a host for a road-rail machine will offer an acceptable safety level for its designed functions before conversion. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in a particular clause this specific aspect is not dealt with in this European Standard.
NOTE 2   A manufacturer should carry out an appropriate risk assessment for the complete machine. Irrespective of whether a harmonised standard exists for the machine in road configuration, this should identify any additional hazards arising from the particular application of the chassis and the protective measures required to adequately deal with them.
This European Standard does not deal with:
l)   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
m)   machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
n)   specific requirements established by a railway infrastructure manager;
o)   negotiations between the manufacturer and the machine operator for additional or alternative requirements;
p)   requirements for use and travel of the machine on public highway;
q)   hazards due to air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h;
r)   requirements which could be necessary in case of use in extreme conditions, such as:
1)   extreme ambient temperatures (tropical or polar);
2)   highly corrosive or contaminating environment, e.g. due to the presence of chemicals;
3)   potentially explosive atmospheres.
Other special vehicles used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
This European Standard applies to all machines that are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
Part 1 of EN 15746 defines requirements for approval of the machine by an authorised body; Part 2 defines requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified under Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive, which require a conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager;
-   running and working whilst not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures, e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing temperatures, high temperatures, corrosive environments, tropical environments, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely.
Other track construction and maintenance machines used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex G.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines which are ordered one year after the publication date by CEN of this European Standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for working with machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment as specified in EN 14033-1.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex M.
Additional requirements can apply for working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is applicable to 1 435 mm nominal track gauge. Some requirements may be applicable for working on infrastructures with nominal narrow track gauge or nominal broad track gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the safety requirements for the railway specific problems for working on different infrastructures. The application of these requirements is the object of a verification procedure, which does not form part of this European Standard, but an Annex J is included for information. In all cases an authorisation to work is required to access the infrastructure.
   This European Standard is also applicable for machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
   This European Standard does not apply to
-   the requirements with regard to the quality of work, including the related measuring methods, and the performance of the machine; )
-   the specific requirements established by each railway infrastructure manager for the use of machines which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager.
   This European Standard does not deal with the following additional requirements:
-   working methods;
-   operation in severe working conditions requiring special measures (e.g. work in tunnels or in cuttings, extreme environmental conditions such as freezer applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
-   hazards due to errors in software;
-   hazards occurring when used to handle suspended loads which may swing freely;
-   hazards due to wind pressure greater than normal e.g. pressures caused by the passing of trains at speed in excess of 190 km/h.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines, which are ordered after one year from the publication date of this European Standard.

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1.1   General
This European Standard specifies the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to rail bound machines and arising due to the adaptation for their use on railways. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, see Clause 4.
This European Standard applies to railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising friction adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) but including machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
This European Standard specifies the common hazards, in normal circumstances, during running, assembly and installation, commissioning, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines. Additional safety measures can be required by exceptional circumstances, such as extreme ambient temperatures (less than - 20 °C or greater than + 40 °C), highly corrosive or contaminating environment; e.g. due to the presence of chemicals, and potentially explosive atmospheres. Air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h is also not dealt with.
NOTE 1   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. The specific measures for exceptional circumstances introduced by a railway infrastructure manager and requirements introduced by the manufacturer and/or machine operator as referred to in the scope are not dealt with in this European Standard. When such additional measures are necessary, they should be agreed between the manufacturer and the machine operator. The manufacturer will be responsible for compliance with the Directive(s) concerned independent of this European Standard for additional hazards created by any additional or alternative requirements.
NOTE 2   This European Standard deals only with the additional hazards from the adaptation of a machine for its use on rail. Other standards specific to the particular machine as far as available will need to be used in addition to this European Standard to give the complete requirements.
The common hazards specified include the general hazards presented by the machines, and also the hazards presented by the following specific machine functions, common to two or more machine types:
-   ballast excavation, ballast cleaning, ballast regulating, ballast consolidating;
-   tamping;
-   track renewal;
-   craning;
-   maintenance of the components of the infrastructure;
during commissioning, use, maintenance and servicing.
This European Standard does not deal comprehensively with specific machine functions other than the common functions listed in the previous paragraph, or with all possible hazards presented by complete machines or by the combination of functions.
NOTE 3   For such specific functions or hazards, the use of specific European Standards is recommended.
This European Standard does not deal with:
-   requirements with regard to the quality of work and the performance of the machine;
-   machines that utilise the catenary for traction purposes;
-   specific requirements introduced by a railway infrastructure manager;
-   additional or alternative requirements introduced by the manufacturer and/or operator.
1.2   Validity of this European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines, which are ordered after one year from the publication date

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1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for running of machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles – referred to as machines – running exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex K.
Special requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and wheels, road-rail machines and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the requirements for safety and access of railway traffic, railway specific requirements for running on different infrastructures in relation to necessary movements of the machine as a train and movements to reach work sites.
1.2   Validity of the European Standard
This European Standard applies to new designs taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex L on the application of the standard (migration rule).

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1.1   General
This European Standard defines the specific technical railway requirements for working with machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, track formation and fixed electric traction equipment as specified in EN 14033-1.
This European Standard applies to all railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex M.
Additional requirements can apply for working on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is applicable to 1 435 mm nominal track gauge. Some requirements may be applicable for working on infrastructures with nominal narrow track gauge or nominal broad track gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilising other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the safety requirements for the railway specific problems for working on different infrastructures. The application of these requirements is the object of a verification procedure, which does not form part of this European Standard, but an Annex J is included for information. In all cases an authorisation to work is required to access the infrastructure.
   This European Standard is also applicable for machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
   This European Standard does not apply to
-   the requirements with regard to the quality of work, including the related

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, common to rail bound machines and arising due to the adaptation for their use on railways. These machines are intended for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, see Clause 4.
This European Standard applies to railbound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - working exclusively on the railway (utilising friction adhesion between the rail and rail wheels) but including machines that in working position are partly supported on the ballast or the formation and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment. This European Standard applies to machines that are intended to operate signalling and control systems. Other similar machines are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex D.
This European Standard deals with the common hazards, in normal circumstances, during transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, use (including setting, programming, and process changeover), operation, cleaning, fault finding, maintenance and de-commissioning of the machines. Additional safety measures can be required by exceptional circumstances, such as extreme ambient temperatures (less than - 20 °C or greater than + 40 °C), highly corrosive or contaminating environment; e.g. due to the presence of chemicals, and potentially explosive atmospheres. Air pressure caused by the passing of high-speed trains at more than 190 km/h is also not dealt with.
NOTE 1   Specific measures for exceptional circumstances are not dealt with in this European Standard. The specific measures for exceptional circumstances introduced by a railway infrastructure manager and requirements introduced by the manuf

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1.1   General
This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimize the specific railway hazards of self propelled road-rail machines - henceforward referred to as machines - and associated equipment, which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of machines when carried out in accordance with the specification given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.
Part 1 of EN 15746 defines requirements for approval of the machine by an authorised body; Part 2 defines requirements for the machine to be declared conformant by the manufacturer, except in the case of machines classified under Annex 4 of the Machinery Directive, which require a conformity check in conjunction with a notified body.
Additional requirements can apply for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard is also applicable for machines and associated equipment that in working configuration are partly supported on the ballast or the formation.
This European Standard does not apply to the following:
-   the requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   the specific requirements established by the machine operator for the use of machines, which will be the subject of negotiation between the manufacturer and the infrastructure manager;
-   running and working whilst not on rails;
-   separate machines temporarily mounted on machines and associated equipment;
-   demountable machines as defined in 3.2;
-   trailers as defined in 3.3, including road-rail trailers.
This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation subject to special rules, e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding;
-   working methods;
(...)

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This European Standard applies to discs designed to be fitted to rail vehicles used on the main national networks, urban networks, underground railways, trams, private networks (regional railways, company railways, etc.).
This European Standard comprises a basic test of disc performance. The disc is tested for energy dissipation, power conversion and ventilation characteristics as well as mechanical integrity. The disc and pad interaction couple, which is used as a reference, are defined. The classification qualifies a brake disc with the defined brake pads by dynamometer tests for type validation by in-service experience for up to one year without additional tests in the defined application class. It does not give rules for the application and the brake performance in specific trains. For this purpose additional tests may be necessary.
The classes may give a recommendation for a preliminary selection of the required brake equipment to the vehicle designer.
Except for the frictional performances, the tests defined in this standard are type test according EN 14535 1 and EN 14535-2.

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1.1   General
This European Standard defines the technical running requirements to be met for machines and other vehicles used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment.
This European Standard applies to all rail bound machines and other vehicles - referred to as machines - running exclusively on the railway (utilising adhesion between the rail and wheels) and used for construction, maintenance and inspection of track, structures, infrastructure and fixed electric traction equipment except machines which cannot be put into a train and their minimum mass is less than 9 t. This European Standard does not apply to demountable machines and to trailers less than 9 t tare weight.
Different regulations are applicable for running on infrastructures with narrow gauge or broad gauge lines, lines of tramways, railways utilizing other than adhesion between the rail and rail wheels, road-rail machines and underground infrastructures.
This European Standard covers the requirements for the keeping of safety and access of railway traffic, railway specific problems for running on different infrastructures in relation to necessary movements of the machine as a train and movements to reach work sites. The access to railway infrastructures requires in all cases an access permit.
1.2   Validity of the European Standard
This European Standard applies to all machines, which are ordered after one year from the publication date of this standard.

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This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys used for work on tracks as listed in clause 4 and annex A which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the general function of the machines (e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding).
This document applies to portable machines and portable trolleys designed for work on the track with nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in annex B including cutting machines and those designed for working on wooden sleepers.
This document does not apply to portable trolleys coupled together, whether or not self propelled, and trolleys used for transporting personnel.
For portable machines and trolleys used on railway lines with a different clearance gauge to that defined in
annex B specific requirements concerning the clearance gauge may apply ).
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
-   portable machines used from railway vehicles.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules as potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   electromagnetic compatibility, due to e.g. electronic components;
-   hazards occurring during decommissioning and/or recycling;
-   hazards due to vibration;
-   hazards due to wind speed grea

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This document deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys used for work on tracks as listed in clause 4 and annex A which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the general function of the machines (e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding).
This document applies to portable machines and portable trolleys designed for work on the track with nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in annex B including cutting machines and those designed for working on wooden sleepers.
This document does not apply to portable trolleys coupled together, whether or not self propelled, and trolleys used for transporting personnel.
For portable machines and trolleys used on railway lines with a different clearance gauge to that defined in
annex B specific requirements concerning the clearance gauge may apply ).
This document does not apply to the following:
-   requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;
-   regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;
-   portable machines used from railway vehicles.
This document does not establish the additional requirements for the following:
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: freezing applications, high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules as potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   electromagnetic compatibility, due to e.g. electronic components;
-   hazards occurring during decommissioning and/or recycling;
-   hazards due to vibration;
-   hazards due to wind speed grea

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