This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the loss on ignition (LOI) of dry matter at 550 °C. The dry matter is determined according to EN 15934.
This method applies to the determination of loss on ignition of sludge, treated biowaste, soil and waste. The LOI of sediments can also be determined with this method.
The loss on ignition is often used as an estimate for the content of organic matter in the sample. Inorganic substances or decomposition products (e. g. H2O, CO2, SO2, O2) are released or absorbed and some inorganic substances are volatile under the reaction conditions.

  • Standard
    12 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    11 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document defines quality and test methodologies for recycled PVC to be used in PVC window profile systems.
It contains a description of the controlled loop as such, the definition of those material transformation steps which are relevant for product quality, in particular recycling input and output and profile manufacturing input and output.
Traceability tools are specified to characterize this loop as a controlled loop.
With regard to PVC waste treatment, the present standard relates to existing standards such as EN 15343, EN 15346 and EN 15347
With regard to semifinished and/or finished products, it refers to the European Standard for un-plasticized PVC window profiles (see EN 12608-1) and to the European harmonized standard for windows and doors (see EN 14351-1).

  • Standard
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European standard specifies the essential requirements of stationary systems for production of brines for winter road maintenance and includes tests of these requirements. Battery limits: chloride and water inlet to the saturator, brine outlet to the spreading machine. Within the scope are storage and loading/unloading equipment also.
The following points are not covered by this standard:
   - System and construction requirements;
   - Requirements according national legislations.

  • Standard
    21 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard gives general guidelines for the hydraulic placement of extractive wastes applicable, in particular, to the extractive industries.
The scope of this European Standard includes any dam, confining embankment or other structure serving to contain, retain, confine or otherwise support such wastes on surface in a terrestrial environment.  
This standard therefore addresses the characterisation of the extractive waste for the purposes of hydraulic placement in the MWF both as part of the confining embankment and for safe storage, and in addition:
- specifies minimum requirements for the data to be acquired before the design and execution stage of a hydraulic fill project;
- provides guidelines for the selection of the type of confining embankment appropriate for the selected site;
- provides guidelines for the selection and characterisation of the construction materials;
- establishes general principles on how to design and execute the hydraulic fill project from pre deposition through operation to closure and rehabilitation;
- provides guidelines for monitoring and quality control of all stages of the hydraulic fill project to ensure long-term safety and stability.

  • Standard
    98 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    85 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document describes good practices for the incineration and other organic matter treatment by thermal processes of sludges. Thermal conditioning is excluded. This document applies to sludges specifically derived from: —   storm water handling; —   night soil; —   urban wastewater collecting systems; —   urban wastewater treatment plants; —   treating industrial wastewater similar to urban wastewater. It includes all sludge that may have similar environmental and/or health impacts but excludes hazardous sludge from industry and dredged sludge.

  • Technical report
    90 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    90 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies methods of information exchange between waste handlers and recyclers for rare earth elements (REEs) contained in industrial waste and end-of-life (EOL) products. This document facilitates the efficient recycling of REEs so that dependency on mining can be reduced by promotion of REE recycling. This document also includes a generic life cycle of the REE recycling process.

  • Standard
    6 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    6 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies requirements and recommendations for the packaging and labelling of rare earth ores, concentrates, compounds, metals and alloys that are intended for sale or free distribution. It defines the performance and structure of packaging, and specifies the information to include on the labelling. These requirements and recommendations are designed to ensure quality assurance, enhance safety and prevent environmental pollution during the transportation and storage of rare earth products. This document is applicable to packaging and labelling during transactions between companies. It does not include packaging by companies during storage in their own plant. The method of labelling defined in this document enhances safety by indicating properties of rare earth products and ensures appropriate management of the product by indicating the identity of suppliers.

  • Standard
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document provides measurement methods for quantifying rare earth elements (REEs) in industrial wastes and end-of-life products in solid, solid-liquid mixture or liquid forms. It provides an overview of sample preparation and measurement of REEs in industrial waste and end-of-life products. WARNING — The use of this document can involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document does not address any safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety and health practices.

  • Technical specification
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document defines a method of specifying delivery conditions for polyethylene (PE) recyclates.
It gives the most important characteristics and associated test methods for assessing PE recyclates intended for use in the production of semi-finished/finished products.
It is intended to support parties involved in the use of recycled PE to agree on specifications for specific and generic applications.
This document is applicable without prejudice to any existing legislation.
This document does not cover the characterization of plastics wastes (see EN 15347).

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Draft
    14 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies requirements for the design, construction and installation of sewage treatment systems on small craft.
It does not address waste retention systems, nor accidental discharge prevention of pollutants (e.g. oil, fuel) overboard.
It does not address the technical discharge limits of a sewage treatment unit, subject to certain international as well as national regulations.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document applies to rear loaded refuse collection vehicles (RCV), as defined in 3.2.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the rear loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the rear loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fit for its function and can be operated, adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the rear loaded RCV.
This document describes and defines the safety requirements of rear loaded RCVs excluding the interface tailgate/discharge door with the lifting device(s) and the lifting device(s) as illustrated in Figure A.1.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s) and the interface with the tailgate/discharge door are defined in prEN 1501-5. Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   below -25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

  • Standard
    78 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document applies to side loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in prEN 1501-1.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the side loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the side loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fit for its intended function and can be operated, moved, cleaned (including unblocking), adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the side loaded RCV.
This document describes and defines the safety requirements of side loaded RCV excluding the interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes, which could be mounted on the RCV.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s) including the loader cranes and the interface to the RCV are defined in prEN 1501-5.
Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999.
This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.
This document is not applicable to:
-   below −25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

  • Standard
    62 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document applies to front loaded refuse collection vehicle (RCV), as defined in 3.2 with closed system defined in 3.13.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the front loaded RCV, when it is used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer, throughout its foreseeable lifetime, as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the front loaded RCV so as to ensure that it is fitted for its function and can be operated adjusted and maintained during its entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the front loaded RCV.
prEN 1501-3 describes and defines the safety requirements of front loaded RCV excluding the interface with the lifting device(s) and excluding the lifting device itself and excluding loader cranes, which could be mounted on the RCV.
Safety requirements for the lifting device(s), loader cranes and their interface to the RCV are defined in prEN 1501-5.
Safety requirements for loader cranes are defined in EN 12999. Additional requirements to loader cranes installed as a loading device for handling containers for refuse or recyclable material on RCVs are defined in prEN 1501 5.
This document also applies to compactors, operated on a truck for collecting purposes.
This document is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   below −25 °C and above +40 °C temperatures;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

  • Standard
    54 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to lifting devices used for the emptying of designated refuse containers into RCVs and their fitting onto the RCVs when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer throughout their foreseeable lifetime as defined in Clause 4.
This document is applicable to the design and construction of the refuse container lifting devices and the mounting of other lifting devices so as to ensure that they are fitted for their function and can be operated, adjusted and maintained during their entire lifetime. It is not applicable to the end of life of the lifting devices.
This document describes and gives the safety requirements of the lifting devices for emptying refuse containers and their interfaces with the corresponding parts of the RCVs and will be used in conjunction with prEN 1501-1 for the rear, side and front loaded RCVs. It refers to EN 1501-4 for the noise test code.
This document is not applicable to:
-   operation in severe conditions e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as:
-   temperatures below −25 °C and above +40 °C;
-   tropical environment;
-   wind velocity in excess of 75 km/h;
-   contaminating environment;
-   corrosive environment;
-   operation in potentially explosive atmospheres;
-   lifting and transportation of persons;
-   emptying refuse containers other than those manufactured according to EN 840 (all parts), EN 12574 (all parts), EN 13071 (all parts), and those described as paladin, diamond, skip containers;
-   loading bulky refuse by means of platform or forks;
-   handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. hot refuses, acids and bases, radioactive materials, contaminated refuse, especially fragile loads, explosives);
-   operation on ships;
-   fitting and operation on stationary compactors.
This document is not applicable to machinery which is manufactured before the date of its publication by CEN.

  • Standard
    95 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies the principles and framework for comprehensive evaluation of industrial wastewater treatment reuse processes, including: a) establishing goals and scope; b) illustrating the evaluation procedure; and c) determination of evaluation indicators (technology indicator/sub-indicators, environment indicator/sub-indicators, resource indicator/sub-indicators, economy indicator/sub-indicators). This document describes how to comprehensively evaluate industrial wastewater treatment reuse processes using the proposed calculation approaches and recommended indicators. It does not specify methodologies for single evaluation indicators. The document is intended to provide assistance to a broad range of industrial wastewater treatment and reuse project stakeholders including professionals (planning, management, designers, and operators), administrative agencies (monitoring, assessment, regulation and administration) and local authorities. This document is applicable to a) evaluating comparing and selecting industrial wastewater treatment reuse processes, b) implementing continuous improvements, c) upgrading processes and improving performance for existing treatment and reuse facilities. The intended application of the comprehensive evaluation result is considered within the goal and scope definition.

  • Standard
    31 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    31 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This European Standard specifies two methods for digestion of soil, treated biowaste, sludge and waste by the use of aqua regia as digestion solution.
This European Standard is applicable for the following elements:
aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold (Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium (Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium (Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr), rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulfur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb), thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium (V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr).
This European Standard may also be applicable for the digestion of other elements.
Digestion with aqua regia will not necessarily accomplish total decomposition of the sample. The extracted analyte concentrations may not necessarily reflect the total content in the sample.

  • Standard
    47 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document focuses on monitoring the activity concentrations of radioactive gases. They allow the calculation of the activity releases, in the gaseous effluent discharge from facilities producing positron emitting radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals. Such facilities produce short-lived radionuclides used for medical purposes or research and can release gases typically including, but not limited to 18F, 11C, 15O and 13N. These facilities include accelerators, radiopharmacies, hospitals and universities. This document provides performance‑based criteria for the design and use of air monitoring equipment including probes, transport lines, sample monitoring instruments, and gas flow measuring methods. This document also provides information on monitoring program objectives, quality assurance, development of air monitoring control action levels, system optimisation and system performance verification. The goal of achieving an unbiased measurement is accomplished either by direct (in-line) measurement on the exhaust stream or with samples extracted from the exhaust stream (bypass), provided that the radioactive gases are well mixed in the airstream. This document sets forth performance criteria and recommendations to assist in obtaining valid measurements. NOTE 1 The criteria and recommendations of this document are aimed at monitoring which is conducted for regulatory compliance and system control. If existing air monitoring systems were not designed according to the performance criteria and recommendations of this document, an evaluation of the performance of the system is advised. If deficiencies are discovered based on a performance evaluation, a determination of the need for a system retrofit is to be made and corrective actions adopted where practicable. NOTE 2 The criteria and recommendations of this document apply under both normal and off‑normal operating conditions, provided that these conditions do not include production of aerosols or vapours. If the normal and/or off-normal conditions produce aerosols and vapours, then the aerosol collection principles of ISO 2889 also apply.

  • Standard
    54 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    59 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    54 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    59 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, manufacture and information for the safe use of compactors that compact waste material or recyclable fractions (e. g. paper, plastics, textiles, cans, cardboard, mixed waste), hereafter referred to as materials.
This European Standard applies to:
-   compactors using a horizontally moving screw, pendulum or plate as compacting part and where the materials move horizontally; and
-   compactors that are mechanically fed and/or fed by hand.
These compactors can be:
-   static compactors;
-   transportable compactors;
-   traversing systems.
The scope includes:
-   any integral mechanical feed equipment (e.g. bin lift);
-   feed hoppers/openings;
-   any integral pre-conditioning equipment in the hopper (e.g. perforators, pre-crushing devices and shredders);
-   any integral material flow control equipment;
-   the interface between the compactor and any feed equipment (except those excluded from the scope).
The scope of this European Standard does not cover:
-   compactors that are covered by EN 1501 (all parts);
-   underground compactors, however if these compactors can be used above ground this standard applies;
-   compactors using thermal technologies for compaction;
-   vacuum compactors;
-   compactors where materials are compacted vertically;
-   containers for static compactors, however the interface between the compaction unit and the container is included;
-   bins in which materials are collected for feeding into the compactor;
-   any up-stream pre-treatment equipment that is not integral to the machine and is used to treat the materials before they are fed into the feed opening of the compactor;
-   vehicles including lifting equipment used to collect and transport the compactor or container;
-   cranes, lift trucks or other transportable plant used to load materials into the feed hopper/opening and the hazards arising out of using this equipment to load;
-   any suction or dust control equipment.
This European standard does not cover the lifting and transport of transportable compactors.
This European Standard does not apply to hazards arising from the materials being processed (e.g. asbestos, clinical waste, aerosol containers).
All hazards mentioned in Clause 4 are dealt with in this European Standard.
This European Standard is not applicable for compactors which are manufactured before the date of its publication as an EN.

  • Standard
    50 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a system for sampling procedures for testing plastics waste and recyclates which take into account the specifics of the plastics waste and recyclates. It is intended to cover all stages of the plastic recycling process.
The sampling procedures include the statistical specifics of the plastic waste and the behaviour of recyclates.
The sampling method is expected to produce a representative testing sample. Differences can arise due to:
-   the mixture of plastics;
-   the origin (e.g. green dot in Germany, or electronic/automotive industry);
-   the previous use of the plastic material;
-   the residual contents (e.g. of containers);
-   inert, residual or moisture content on or in the material.
This document is without prejudice to any existing legislation.

  • Technical specification
    20 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

2020-10-21 - TC - Addition of figure designations "A" and "B" in Figure 2

  • Corrigendum
    2 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies three methods for the digestion of soil, treated biowaste, sludge and waste by the use of an acid mixture composed of hydrochloric (HCl), nitric (HNO3) and tetrafluoroboric (HBF4) or hydrochloric (HCl), nitric (HNO3) and hydrofluoric (HF) acid as the digestion solution.
Digestion with these acids is effectively considered as a total decomposition of the sample. For a broad range of samples the extracted analyte concentrations will reflect the total content in the sample.
This document is applicable for the following elements:
Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), selenium (Se), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulfur (S), tellurium (Te), thallium (Tl), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn).
This document can also be applied for the digestion of other elements, provided the user has verified the applicability.

  • Standard
    36 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a method for the determination of the ultimate anoxic biodegradability of plastics made of organic compounds, where the amount of the produced nitrogen and carbon dioxide at the end of the test is measured.
The test substance is exposed to an inoculum stemming from the denitrification tank of a wastewater treatment plant. Testing is performed under defined laboratory conditions.

  • Standard
    32 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides criteria for the sorting of whole end-of-life tyres (WELT) into different classes based on categories. It also provides criteria for the determination of their suitability to be used in recycling and material recovery processes.
The processes described in this document include sorting WELTs in order to determine their acceptance in recovery and recycling processes.
Criteria regarding the reuse of tyres to be mounted again in a vehicle are not addressed in this document.
This document does not cover the operational performance of the applications or the requirements of the materials for certain applications, which are usually agreed between the manufacturer and the customer.
Solid tyres are excluded from the scope of this document.

  • Technical specification
    15 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Technical specification
    15 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies a method for the determination of low specific surface area of powders ELTs rubber by measuring the amount of physically adsorbed krypton gas and applying the theoretical multipoint Brunnauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) method.
This document defines a specific method for powders taking into account that, in order to obtain an accurate value of specific surface area, a representative sample of the material to be tested is taken according to the principle that every particle of the sample that represents the lot have an equal probability of being included in the sample.

  • Technical specification
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Technical specification
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document specifies the recycling information to be provided for rare earth elements (REEs) in industrial waste and end-of-life (EOL) products from manufacturers/producers to recyclers. It includes a classification system and forms for providing the recycling information.

  • Standard
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document defines the terms for rare earth metals and their alloys, as well as for methods of preparation and purification. This document can be used as a reference to unify technical terms in rare earth production, application, inspection, circulation, trading, scientific research and education.

  • Standard
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

The document defines the terms for rare earth minerals, oxides and other compounds, as well as for related production processes. This document can be used as a reference to unify technical terms in rare earth production, application, inspection, circulation, trading, scientific research and education.

  • Standard
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    13 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This European Standard specifies a method for quantitative determination of seven selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB28, PCB52, PCB101, PCB118, PCB138, PCB153 and PCB180) in soil, sludge, sediment, treated biowaste and waste and using GC-MS and GC-ECD.
The limit of detection depends on the determinants, the equipment used, the quality of chemicals used for the extraction of the sample and the clean-up of the extract.
Under the conditions specified in this European Standard, lower limit of application from 1 μg/kg (expressed as dry matter) for soils, sludge and biowaste to 10 μg/kg (expressed as dry matter) for solid waste can be achieved. For some specific samples the limit of 10 μg/kg cannot be reached.
Sludge, waste and treated biowaste may differ in properties, as well as in the expected contamination levels of PCBs and presence of interfering substances. These differences make it impossible to describe one general procedure. This European Standard contains decision tables based on the properties of the sample and the extraction and clean-up procedure to be used.
NOTE   For the analysis of PCB in insulating liquids, petroleum products, used oils and aqueous samples is referred to EN 61619, EN 12766–1 and EN ISO 6468 respectively.
The method may be applied to the analysis of other PCB congeners not specified in the scope, provided suitability is proven by proper in-house validation experiments

  • Standard
    45 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Standard
    45 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides guidance on the conditions of beneficial use of biosolids produced from industrial and municipal sludge and municipal biosolids derived products (e.g. composts, growing media) in the production of food and feed crops, energy crops, forestry crops and for the remediation of disturbed sites. This document applies to biosolids for land application and includes biosolids from wastewater treatment (municipal, industrial and private onsite systems). This document does not apply to hazardous sludge that originates from wastewater which, due to its nature, physical, chemical or infectious properties, is potentially hazardous to human health and/or the environment during use, handling, storage or transportation and which requires special disposal techniques to eliminate or reduce the hazard. This document includes: — general guidelines for the land application of biosolids and biosolids derived products; — specific guidelines for the land application of biosolids and biosolids derived products for food and feed crop production and for non?food and non?feed crop production (e.g. horticulture, fibre for bio?mass, silviculture, etc.); and — specific guidelines for the land application of biosolids and biosolids derived products for other beneficial uses (e.g. land reclamation or rehabilitation).

  • Standard
    91 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    104 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    104 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    94 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    104 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off

This document gives a brief overview of the current (2019) situation in plastic recycling systems, relevant existing standards and short description of different recycling techniques. It aims to identify the necessity of standards in the plastics recycling system and give direction for the adoption of regional standards and/or the development of new and existing standards. This document addresses various recycling options, with focus on, but not limited to, mechanical recycling, chemical and/or feedstock recycling and the corresponding preparatory activities. This document excludes organic recycling (also designated as biological recycling) and energy recovery.

  • Technical report
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    24 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies two methods for digestion of soil, treated biowaste, sludge and waste by the use of an aqua regia digestion. Digestion with aqua regia will not necessarily accomplish total decomposition of the sample. The extracted analyte concentrations may not necessarily reflect the total content in the sample but represent the aqua regia soluble metals under the condition of this test procedure. It is generally agreed that for environmental analysis purposes, the results are fit for the intended purpose to protect the environment. This document is applicable for the following elements: Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), boron (B), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), selenium (Se), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulfur (S), tellurium (Te), thallium (Tl), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn). This document can also be applied for the digestion of other elements, provided the user has verified the applicability.

  • Standard
    38 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    39 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    38 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document specifies requirements and test methods to ensure performance, safety, operability and maintainability of community-scale resource recovery faecal sludge treatment units (herein addressed as treatment units) that serve approximately, but not limited to, 1 000 to 100 000 people. This document applies to treatment units that: a) primarily treat faecal sludge, b) are able to operate in non-sewered and off-grid environments, c) are prefabricated, d) exhibit resource recovery capability (e.g. recovering energy, reusable water, soil amendment products), and are capable of being energy neutral or energy net positive. This document does not apply to treatment units requiring major sewer infrastructure. Inputs are primarily faecal sludge derived from human excreta and can include additional substances at the discretion of the manufacturer. This document does not specify the characteristics of the faecal sludge (e.g. COD, BOD, moisture content, etc.) and which forms of the additional inputs (e.g. food waste) are treated within the unit. These inputs are defined by the manufacturer as well as the input characteristics which meet the requirements specified in this document. This document addresses: — the performance, safety, operability, and maintainability of the treatment unit, — the protection of human health and the environment, — safety aspects of the treatment unit's solid, liquid, and gaseous outputs, — noise and odour outputs of the treatment unit. This document specifies minimum requirements of all types of outputs from the treatment unit. It does not specify or mandate the quality of resources recovered as these are highly dependent on the local (e.g. economic, social) context. Any resources produced and consumed internally to the process itself are outside the scope of this document. Similarly, with the exception of pathogen requirements, the quality and value of any resource recovery and reuse products derived from the treatment unit are outside the scope of this document. Apart from the requirement for energy independence under manufacturer specified input conditions during steady-state operation, this document does not set performance targets with respect to the amount or type of energy or resources to recover and/or use locally. This document does not address transportation and any intermediary processes required to supply the treatment unit with the defined inputs. Provisions of this document apply to the treatment unit according to its unit boundaries, i.e. within the process chain beginning with its specified inputs and ending with its outputs. Some of the considerations on sustainability of the treatment unit are highlighted in Annex B.

  • Standard
    70 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Standard
    74 pages
    French language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    70 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This European Standard (EN) will provide a general methodology for the assessment of the ability to re-manufacture energy related products.
This EN will elaborate the assessment and process of re-manufacturability in a horizontal, cross-product way. However, a correct assessment can only be done in a product-specific way, taking into account specific parameters of a specific energy related product.

  • Standard
    14 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide a review of the studies that were performed on odour of ELT granulates

  • Technical report
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Technical report
    10 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide information about a procedure based on the determination of a visual index correlated with the content of textile fibers, free and bounded to the rubber, of granulates. This approach is currently used by Spanish grinders in order to control the efficiency of their processes and is effective for granulates with particle sizes whose bottom limit is higher than 0,5 mm and upper limit lower than 10 mm.

  • Technical report
    26 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day
  • Technical report
    26 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This document provides guidance on, the evaluation and comparison of wastewater softening and desalination processes for industrial wastewater reclamation and reuse with specific consideration for the following six: 1) chemical precipitation; 2) ion exchange; 3) nanofiltration (NF); 4) reverse osmosis (RO); 5) electrodialysis (ED) and 6) electrodeionization (EDI). This document provides guidance on the characterisation of both influent and effluent quality (e.g. hardness, alkalinity, etc.) and the effects of these processes on those constituents. The purpose of softening and desalination is only for the reuse usages that have requirements for hardness and salinity, such as cooling circulating water, boiler water, production process water, and cleaning water. This document includes the following sub-processes of wastewater softening and desalination processes: a) wastewater softening processes based on chemical precipitation, ion exchange and NF, which aim to remove hardness ions, such as Mg2+ and Ca2+; b) desalination processes based on ion exchange, RO, ED, EDI and NF, which aim to remove the most of total dissolved solids (TDS). This document is applicable to: a) industrial saline wastewater, which has been pre-treated to remove most of the organic matters if necessary; b) the selection or design of wastewater softening and desalination processes for reuse of wastewater from industries.

  • Standard
    15 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off
  • Draft
    15 pages
    English language
    sale 15% off

This document is used in the framework of the waste processing industry and defines the processing of relevant information for the deposit of garbage between access chips and the collection container systems.
This document is not intended to be used for container identification.
NOTE The container identification is covered by EN 14803.
This document provides the technical specification and the restrictions that are defined on top of the ISO 14443 series (Parts 1, 2 and 3).

  • Standard
    8 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies general requirements and verifications for methods of identification of waste containers and/or determination of the quantity of waste including:
¾   safety requirements;
¾   interface requirements and performances;
¾   data to be treated and their integrity.
This European Standard is applicable to systems for handling containers conforming to EN 840.
NOTE   Although this European Standard does not cover systems for handling containers not conforming to EN 840, it is recommended to apply the requirements of this document to these systems as far as possible.
This European Standard is applicable to systems both for billing and not for billing.

  • Standard
    23 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies methods for the determination of the parameters pH, ammonium, AOX, As, Ba, Cd, Cl-, easily liberatable CN-, Co, Cr, Cr(VI), Cu, DOC/TOC, electrical conductivity, F-, Hg, Mo, Ni, NO2-, Pb, phenol index, total S, Sb, Se, SO42-, TDS, V and Zn in aqueous eluates for the characterization of waste.

  • Technical report
    37 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste containers with 4 wheels, with flat lid(s) and capacity up to 1 300 l to be used by trunnion and/or comb lifting device.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste and recycling containers with 2 wheels, with capacity up to 400 l to be used by comb lifting devices.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste and recycling containers with 4 wheels, with dome lid(s) and capacity up to 1 300 l to be used by trunnion and/or comb lifting device.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard provides the essential safety, health and ergonomic requirements for mobile waste and recycling containers according to EN 840-1 to EN 840-4, not including hazardous wastes containers.

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard gives the test methods for mobile waste and recycling containers according to EN 840-1 to EN 840-4. It also gives the levels to be reached during the tests or after they have been done.
This European Standard is applicable to mobile waste and recycling containers with capacities up to 1 700 l.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste and recycling containers with 4 wheels, with flat lid(s) and capacity up to 1 700 l to be used by wide trunnion or BG-lifting device and/or wide comb lifting device.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard provides the essential safety, health and ergonomic requirements for mobile waste and recycling containers according to EN 840-1 to EN 840-4, not including hazardous wastes containers.

  • Standard
    9 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste and recycling containers with 4 wheels, with dome lid(s) and capacity up to 1 300 l to be used by trunnion and/or comb lifting device.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard gives the test methods for mobile waste and recycling containers according to EN 840-1 to EN 840-4. It also gives the levels to be reached during the tests or after they have been done.
This European Standard is applicable to mobile waste and recycling containers with capacities up to 1 700 l.

  • Standard
    28 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste and recycling containers with 2 wheels, with capacity up to 400 l to be used by comb lifting devices.

  • Standard
    18 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day

This European Standard specifies dimensions and design requirements of mobile waste containers with 4 wheels, with flat lid(s) and capacity up to 1 300 l to be used by trunnion and/or comb lifting device.

  • Standard
    16 pages
    English language
    sale 10% off
    e-Library read for
    1 day