Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose offshore cranes

This document applies to general purpose offshore cranes including their supporting pedestals and structures.
This document is applicable to general purpose offshore cranes, whose structures are made of steel.
This document provides requirements for all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to general purpose offshore cranes, for lifting of goods and lifting of persons, when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the risk assessment (see Clause 4).
This document is applicable to general purpose offshore cranes, which are manufactured after the date of approval by CEN of this document.
This document is not applicable for:
a)   transportation, assembly, disabling, scrapping, installation or erecting of the crane;
b)   any item attached to the hook, such as loads, non-fixed load lifting attachments, lifting accessories, baskets, carriers and containers;
c)   lifting operations in ambient temperatures below - 20 °C;
d)   lifting operations in ambient temperatures above 45 °C;
e)   accidental loads as result of collisions, earthquakes, explosions, etc., which are not covered by exceptional loads defined in Table B.7 ;
f)   floating cranes (covered by EN13852-2), light offshore cranes (covered by FprEN13852-3) and 2D/3D motion compensated cranes;
g)   subsea lifting operations;
h)   lifting operations involving more than one crane;
i)   emergency rescue operations (except training).

Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung

Dieses Dokument gilt für Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung einschließlich ihrer Tragsäulen und Strukturen.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung mit Strukturen aus Stahl.
Dieses Dokument enthält Anforderungen für alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Ereignisse, die für Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung, das Anheben von Gütern und Personen bei bestimmungsgemäßem Gebrauch und unter den durch die Risikobewertung vorgesehenen Bedingungen (siehe Abschnitt 4) relevant sind.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung, die nach dem Datum der Genehmigung dieses Dokuments durch die CEN hergestellt werden.
Diese Dokument gilt nicht für:
a)   den Transport, die Montage, die Demontage, die Verschrottung, die Installation oder die Errichtung des Krans;
b)   alle an dem Haken befestigten Objekte wie etwa Lasten, nicht fest angebrachte Lastaufnahmemittel, Hebezubehör, Körbe, Träger und Behälter;
c)   Hebearbeiten bei Umgebungstemperaturen unter −20 °C;
d)   Hebearbeiten bei Umgebungstemperaturen über 45 °C;
e)   zufällige Lasten aufgrund von Kollisionen, Erdbeben, Explosionen usw., die nicht durch die in Tabelle B.7 festgelegten außergewöhnlichen Lasten abgedeckt sind;
f)   Schwimmkrane (behandelt in EN 13852 2), leichte Offshore-Krane (behandelt in FprEN 13852 3) und 2D/3D-bewegungskompensierte Krane;
g)   Unterwasser-Hebearbeiten;
h)   Hebearbeiten mit mehr als einem beteiligten Kran;
i)   Rettungsmaßnahmen in Notfällen (ausgenommen Training).

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Grues off-shore - Partie 1 : Grues off-shore pour usage général

Le présent document s'applique aux grues off-shore d'usage général, y compris à leurs socles et aux structures d'appui.
Le présent document s'applique aux grues off-shore d'usage général à structure en acier.
Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions relatives à l'ensemble des phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses et événements dangereux majeurs relatifs aux grues off-shore d'usage général, pour le transport de marchandises et le levage de personnes, lorsque celles-ci sont utilisées comme prévu et dans les conditions prévues par l'évaluation du risque (voir Article 4).
Le présent document s'applique aux grues off-shore d'usage général fabriquées après la date d'approbation du présent document par le CEN.
Le présent document ne s'applique pas :
a)   au transport, au montage, au démontage, à la mise au rebut ou à l'installation de la grue ;
b)   à tout élément fixé au crochet, tel que les charges, les accessoires de levage de charge amovibles, les accessoires de levage, les nacelles, les supports et les conteneurs ;
c)   aux opérations de levage à des températures ambiantes inférieures à - 20 °C ;
d)   aux opérations de levage à des températures ambiantes supérieures à 45 °C ;
e)   aux charges accidentelles résultant de collisions, de tremblements de terre, d'explosions, etc., qui ne sont pas couvertes par les charges exceptionnelles définies dans le Tableau B.7 ;
f)   aux grues flottantes (couvertes par l'EN 13852-2), aux grues off-shore légères (couvertes par FprEN 13852-3) et aux grues à compensation de mouvement 2D/3D ;
g)   aux opérations de levage sous-marines ;
h)   aux opérations de levage impliquant plus d'un appareil de levage à charge suspendue ;
i)   aux opérations de sauvetage (hors entraînement).

Žerjavi - Žerjavi na plavajočih objektih - 1. del: Žerjavi na plavajočih objektih za splošno uporabo

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4060 - Closure of enquiry - Enquiry
Due Date
01-Jul-2021
Completion Date
01-Jul-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13852-1:2021
01-junij-2021

Žerjavi - Žerjavi na plavajočih objektih - 1. del: Žerjavi na plavajočih objektih za

splošno uporabo
Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose offshore cranes
Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Grues off-shore - Partie 1 : Grues off-shore

pour usage général
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13852-1
ICS:
47.020.40 Dvigalna oprema in oprema Lifting and cargo handling
za pretovor equipment
53.020.20 Dvigala Cranes
oSIST prEN 13852-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2021
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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2021
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 13852-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2021
ICS 47.020.40; 53.020.20 Will supersede EN 13852-1:2013
English Version
Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose
offshore cranes

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Grues off- Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für

shore - Partie 1 : Grues off-shore pour usage général allgemeine Verwendung

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 147.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13852-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2021
prEN 13852-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ............................................................................................................................................. 8

Introduction .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ........................................................................................................................................................10

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................10

3 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................................15

4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................20

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .................................................................27

5.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................27

5.1.1 Design ......................................................................................................................................................27

5.1.2 Exchange of information...................................................................................................................27

5.1.3 Offshore marine environment ........................................................................................................28

5.1.4 Fitness for purpose .............................................................................................................................28

5.1.5 Power supply ........................................................................................................................................28

5.1.6 Hazardous area ....................................................................................................................................29

5.1.7 High risk application ..........................................................................................................................29

5.1.8 Security of automation and control systems .............................................................................29

5.1.9 Environmental footprint ..................................................................................................................30

5.1.10 Safety functions ....................................................................................................................................30

5.2 Strength, stability and fatigue ........................................................................................................32

5.2.1 General priciples and requirements ............................................................................................32

5.2.2 Service classification ..........................................................................................................................32

5.2.3 Loads and load combinations .........................................................................................................33

5.2.4 Limit states and proof of competence ..........................................................................................34

5.2.5 Failure mode analysis ........................................................................................................................35

5.2.6 Load charts ............................................................................................................................................35

5.2.7 Material selection................................................................................................................................35

5.3 Control system .....................................................................................................................................36

5.3.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................36

5.3.2 Start and stop functions ....................................................................................................................36

5.3.3 Prevention of unexpected start-up ...............................................................................................37

5.3.4 Mode selector .......................................................................................................................................37

5.3.5 Main motion controls .........................................................................................................................38

5.3.6 Remote controls (optional) .............................................................................................................38

5.3.7 Minimum hook velocities .................................................................................................................38

5.3.8 Response time ......................................................................................................................................38

5.3.9 Control instrumentation...................................................................................................................39

5.3.10 Location of consoles ...........................................................................................................................39

5.3.11 Motion compensation ........................................................................................................................39

5.3.12 Crane assistant functions .................................................................................................................39

5.4 Electrical equipment ..........................................................................................................................39

5.4.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................39

5.4.2 Isolation of incoming supplies .......................................................................................................40

5.4.3 Interface connections ........................................................................................................................40

5.4.4 Enclosures ..............................................................................................................................................40

5.4.5 Ingress protection ...............................................................................................................................40

5.4.6 Cables.......................................................................................................................................................41

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5.4.7 Protective earthing ............................................................................................................................ 41

5.4.8 Protection by automatic disconnection of supply .................................................................. 41

5.4.9 Protection against electric shock by direct contact ............................................................... 41

5.4.10 Hazardous areas ................................................................................................................................. 41

5.4.11 Electromagnetic compatibility ...................................................................................................... 41

5.5 Mechanical equipment ..................................................................................................................... 41

5.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 41

5.5.2 Bearings ................................................................................................................................................. 42

5.5.3 Couplings, splines and gears ........................................................................................................... 42

5.5.4 Brakes ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

5.5.5 Hoist and luffing wire rope drives ................................................................................................ 42

5.5.6 Drums for wire ropes ........................................................................................................................ 42

5.5.7 Wire ropes ............................................................................................................................................. 43

5.5.8 Wire rope terminations .................................................................................................................... 43

5.5.9 Wire rope sheaves .............................................................................................................................. 43

5.5.10 Wear protectors .................................................................................................................................. 44

5.5.11 Slewing drives ...................................................................................................................................... 44

5.5.12 Travelling drives ................................................................................................................................. 44

5.5.13 Telescopic drives ................................................................................................................................ 44

5.5.14 Folding and cylinder luffing drives .............................................................................................. 44

5.5.15 Fixed load lifting attachments ....................................................................................................... 45

5.5.16 Bolt assemblies .................................................................................................................................... 46

5.5.17 Double means of securing ............................................................................................................... 46

5.6 Fluid power systems .......................................................................................................................... 46

5.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 46

5.6.2 Hydraulic systems .............................................................................................................................. 46

5.6.3 Hydraulic reservoirs ......................................................................................................................... 46

5.6.4 Hydraulic cylinders ............................................................................................................................ 47

5.6.5 Load holding devices ......................................................................................................................... 47

5.6.6 Accumulators ....................................................................................................................................... 47

5.6.7 Hoses, tubes and fittings .................................................................................................................. 47

5.6.8 Sink rate for boom systems ............................................................................................................. 48

5.6.9 Pneumatic systems............................................................................................................................. 48

5.7 Safeguarding ......................................................................................................................................... 48

5.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 48

5.7.2 External acoustic warning device ................................................................................................. 48

5.7.3 Control system indicator.................................................................................................................. 48

5.7.4 Wind indicator ..................................................................................................................................... 48

5.7.5 Hoist drum motion indicator .......................................................................................................... 49

5.7.6 Rated capacity indicator (RCI) ....................................................................................................... 49

5.7.7 Motion limiters .................................................................................................................................... 49

5.7.8 Rated capacity limiter (RCL) ........................................................................................................... 50

5.7.9 Slack wire rope detection ................................................................................................................ 50

5.7.10 Boom backstop .................................................................................................................................... 50

5.7.11 Motion detection system (MDS) .................................................................................................... 50

5.7.12 Automatic Overload Protection System (AOPS) ...................................................................... 51

5.7.13 Manual Overload Protection System (MOPS) ........................................................................... 54

5.7.14 Lateral boom protection system (LBPS) .................................................................................... 55

5.7.15 Emergency operation system (EOS)............................................................................................. 55

5.7.16 Emergency load lowering (ELL) .................................................................................................... 57

5.7.17 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................... 57

5.7.18 Fire prevention and fire protection ............................................................................................. 57

5.8 Installation interface ......................................................................................................................... 58

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prEN 13852-1:2021 (E)

5.8.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................58

5.8.2 Pedestal and pedestal adaptor .......................................................................................................58

5.8.3 Boom rest ...............................................................................................................................................58

5.8.4 Access ......................................................................................................................................................58

5.8.5 Laydown areas and blind zones .....................................................................................................58

5.8.6 Crane restriction charts ....................................................................................................................58

5.8.7 Dropped object protection ..............................................................................................................59

5.8.8 Lighting ...................................................................................................................................................59

5.8.9 Power connections .............................................................................................................................59

5.8.10 Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) .............................................................................................59

5.8.11 Signal and communication connections .....................................................................................59

5.8.12 Ignition source control ......................................................................................................................59

5.8.13 Emergency shut down (ESD) ...........................................................................................................60

5.9 User interface .......................................................................................................................................60

5.9.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................60

5.9.2 Ergonomy ...............................................................................................................................................60

5.9.3 Access and escape ...............................................................................................................................60

5.9.4 Control station ......................................................................................................................................60

5.9.5 Remote console ....................................................................................................................................63

5.9.6 Communications ..................................................................................................................................63

5.9.7 Machinery and drive rooms ............................................................................................................63

5.9.8 Enclosed spaces ...................................................................................................................................63

5.9.9 Lighting ...................................................................................................................................................64

5.9.10 Noise reduction at source by design ............................................................................................64

5.9.11 Noise reduction by information .....................................................................................................64

5.9.12 Vibrations ..............................................................................................................................................64

5.9.13 Guards and falling hazards ..............................................................................................................65

5.9.14 Edges, angles and surfaces ...............................................................................................................65

5.9.15 Hot surfaces ...........................................................................................................................................65

5.9.16 Hazardous substances .......................................................................................................................66

5.9.17 Arrangements for stowing and maintenance ...........................................................................66

5.9.18 Component and equipment identification .................................................................................66

5.9.19 Dropped objects ...................................................................................................................................67

5.9.20 Warnings ................................................................................................................................................67

5.9.21 Data recorder .......................................................................................................................................67

5.9.22 Software access ....................................................................................................................................68

5.10 Fabrication ............................................................................................................................................68

5.10.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................68

5.10.2 Component traceability ....................................................................................................................69

5.10.3 Quality assurance ................................................................................................................................69

5.10.4 Material certification .........................................................................................................................69

5.10.5 Welding ...................................................................................................................................................69

5.10.6 Bolted connections .............................................................................................................................69

5.10.7 Corrosion protection..........................................................................................................................69

5.11 Lifting of persons .................................................................................................................................70

5.11.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................70

5.11.2 Rated capacity ......................................................................................................................................70

5.11.3 Control system .....................................................................................................................................70

5.11.4 Mode selector for lifting of persons ..............................................................................................70

5.11.5 Back-up brake ......................................................................................................................................71

5.11.6 Back-up motion limiters ...................................................................................................................71

5.11.7 Cylinders.................................................................................................................................................71

5.11.8 Reeving systems for luffing .............................................................................................................71

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6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................ 72

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 72

6.1.1 Verification ........................................................................................................................................... 72

6.1.2 Documentation .................................................................................................................................... 72

6.1.3 Verification methods ......................................................................................................................... 72

6.2 Testing .................................................................................................................................................... 77

6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 77

6.2.2 Function test ......................................................................................................................................... 77

6.2.3 Load test ................................................................................................................................................. 77

6.2.4 Load test points ................................................................................................................................... 78

6.2.5 Noise emission tests .......................................................................................................................... 78

6.2.6 Test acceptance criteria ................................................................................................................... 80

7 Information for use ............................................................................................................................ 80

7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 80

7.1.1 Provisions of an instruction for use ............................................................................................. 80

7.1.2 Installation ............................................................................................................................................ 80

7.1.3 Additional information ..................................................................................................................... 81

7.2 Operation ............................................................................................................................................... 81

7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................... 81

7.2.2 Checks before starting operation ................................................................................................. 82

7.2.3 Checks during operation .................................................................................................................. 83

7.2.4 Crane out of service ...........................
...

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