Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose offshore cranes

This European Standard specifies the requirements for general-purpose offshore cranes including their supporting pedestals or structures and lifting of personnel.
The standard applies to cranes manufactured after the date of issue.
This European Standard does not cover the hazards involved with or the use of the following:
a)   fabrication, transportation, assembly, dismantling, disabling, scrapping or changing the configuration of the crane;
b)   lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the hook and the load;
c)   design temperature below – 40°C;
d)   operations at an ambient temperature above 40°C;
e)   lifting operations involving more than one crane;
f)   accidental loads due to collisions;
g)   hand powered cranes and other cranes with a rated capacity less than 2 t or outreach less than 8 meters
h)   rescue operations;
i)   subsea lifting operations.
The significant hazards covered by this European standard are identified in Clause 4.
Where National Authorities permit the use of general-purpose offshore crane for the lifting of personnel, the crane would at least need to fulfil the requirements of this standard.

Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allegemeine Verwendung

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen an Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung einschließlich
ihrer Tragsäulen und Fundamente fest.
Diese Norm ist auf Krane anzuwenden, die nach dem Datum der Herausgabe dieser Norm hergestellt
werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Gefahren in Verbindung mit Folgendem:
a) Herstellung, Transport, Montage, Demontage, Unbrauchbarmachung, Verschrottung oder Rüstzustandsänderung
des Krans;
b) Lastaufnahmemittel, d. h. alle Teile zwischen dem Haken und der Last;
c) Entwurfstemperaturen unter −40 °C;
d) Arbeiten bei Umgebungstemperaturen über 40 °C;
e) Hebearbeiten mit mehr als einem Kran;
f) unbeabsichtigte Beanspruchungen aufgrund von Zusammenstößen;
g) handgetriebene Krane und sonstige Krane mit einer Tragfähigkeit von weniger als 2 t oder einer
Ausladung von weniger als 8 m;
h) Rettungsmaßnahmen;
i) Unterwasser-Hebearbeiten.
Die durch diese Europäische Norm erfassten wesentlichen Gefahren sind in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführt.
Wenn nationale Behörden den Einsatz eines Offshore-Kranes für allgemeine Verwendung für den Transport
von Personal erlauben, muss der Kran mindestens die Anforderungen dieser Norm erfüllen.

Appareils de levage - Appareils de levage offshore - Partie 1: Appareils de levage offshore pour usage général

Dvigala (žerjavi) - Dvigala na plavajočih objektih - 1. del: Dvigala na plavajočih objektih za splošne namene

General Information

Status
Not Published
Technical Committee
Current Stage
4098 - Decision to abandon - Enquiry
Due Date
05-May-2010
Completion Date
05-May-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
01-november-2009

'YLJDOD åHUMDYL 'YLJDODQDSODYDMRþLKREMHNWLKGHO'YLJDODQDSODYDMRþLK

REMHNWLK]DVSORãQHQDPHQH
Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose offshore cranes
Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allegemeine Verwendung

Appareils de levage - Appareils de levage offshore - Partie 1: Appareils de levage

offshore pour usage général
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13852-1
ICS:
47.020.40 Dvigalna oprema in oprema Lifting and cargo handling
za pretovor equipment
53.020.20 Dvigala Cranes
oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 13852-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2009
ICS Will supersede EN 13852-1:2004
English Version
Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General-purpose offshore
cranes

Appareils de levage - Appareils de levage offshore - Partie Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für

1: Appareils de levage offshore pour usage général allegemeine Verwendung

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 147.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13852-1:2009: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
prEN 13852-1:2009 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 12

4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 16

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ........................................................................... 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Strength and stability ......................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.1 Selection of classification parameters ............................................................................................. 17

5.2.2 In-service loads ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.2.3 Out of service loads ........................................................................................................................... 19

5.2.4 Failure mode analysis ........................................................................................................................ 19

5.2.5 Seismic loads ...................................................................................................................................... 19

5.2.6 Load combinations ............................................................................................................................. 20

5.2.7 Load chart ............................................................................................................................................ 20

5.2.8 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 20

5.3 Equipment and components ............................................................................................................. 20

5.3.1 Electrotechnical equipment ............................................................................................................... 20

5.3.2 Non-electrotechnical equipment ....................................................................................................... 20

5.3.3 Power requirements ........................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.4 Slewing drives ..................................................................................................................................... 21

5.3.5 Slewing bearings ................................................................................................................................ 21

5.3.6 Slewing bearing fasteners ................................................................................................................. 21

5.3.7 Winches and brakes ........................................................................................................................... 21

5.3.8 Wire rope termination ......................................................................................................................... 22

5.3.9 Wire rope fastening to the drum ....................................................................................................... 22

5.3.10 Wire ropes ........................................................................................................................................... 22

5.3.11 Blocks and hooks ............................................................................................................................... 23

5.3.12 Hydraulic cylinders ............................................................................................................................. 23

5.3.13 Constant tension systems/motion compensators/shock absorbers ............................................ 23

5.4 Drive systems ...................................................................................................................................... 24

5.4.1 Electromagnetic compatibility ........................................................................................................... 24

5.4.2 Pneumatic systems ............................................................................................................................ 24

5.4.3 Hydraulic systems .............................................................................................................................. 24

5.4.4 Electrical systems............................................................................................................................... 24

5.5 Control station .................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.5.2 Control cabin ....................................................................................................................................... 24

5.5.3 Windows .............................................................................................................................................. 25

5.5.4 Crane operator’s seat ......................................................................................................................... 25

5.5.5 Cabin interior ....................................................................................................................................... 25

5.5.6 Cabin instrumentation ........................................................................................................................ 25

5.5.7 Communications ................................................................................................................................. 26

5.5.8 Machinery house and other enclosed spaces ................................................................................. 26

5.6 Noise reduction ................................................................................................................................... 26

5.6.1 Noise reduction at source by design ................................................................................................ 26

5.6.2 Noise reduction by information ......................................................................................................... 26

5.7 Access, guards etc. ............................................................................................................................ 26

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5.7.1 Access .................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.7.2 Guards .................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.7.3 Hazardous substances ....................................................................................................................... 26

5.7.4 Dropped objects .................................................................................................................................. 26

5.7.5 Lifting arrangements for maintenance .............................................................................................. 27

5.8 Controls, indicators and limiting devices ......................................................................................... 27

5.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27

5.8.2 Controls ................................................................................................................................................ 27

5.8.3 Indicators.............................................................................................................................................. 28

5.8.4 Limiting devices .................................................................................................................................. 29

5.9 Protection system ............................................................................................................................... 30

5.9.1 Overload and over-moment protection ............................................................................................. 30

5.9.2 Emergency operation system ............................................................................................................ 33

5.9.3 Emergency stop ................................................................................................................................... 34

5.9.4 Fire protection ..................................................................................................................................... 34

5.9.5 Protective earthing .............................................................................................................................. 34

5.10 Lifting of personnel ............................................................................................................................. 34

5.10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 34

5.10.2 Rated capacity ..................................................................................................................................... 34

5.10.3 Secondary brake .................................................................................................................................. 34

5.10.4 Cylinders .............................................................................................................................................. 35

5.10.5 Mode selection for personnel lifting .................................................................................................. 35

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................ 35

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 35

6.2 Testing .................................................................................................................................................. 38

6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38

6.2.2 Function test ........................................................................................................................................ 39

6.2.3 Installation test .................................................................................................................................... 39

6.2.4 Test acceptance criteria...................................................................................................................... 39

6.2.5 Test load ............................................................................................................................................... 40

7 Information for use .............................................................................................................................. 40

7.1 Documentation .................................................................................................................................... 40

7.2 Operation .............................................................................................................................................. 41

7.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41

7.2.2 Checks before starting operation ...................................................................................................... 41

7.2.3 Checks during operation .................................................................................................................... 42

7.2.4 Crane out of service ............................................................................................................................ 42

7.2.5 Lifting of personnel (if part of the intended use) ............................................................................. 42

7.3 Maintenance ......................................................................................................................................... 43

7.3.1 Inspections ........................................................................................................................................... 43

7.4 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 44

7.4.1 Manufacturer’s plate ........................................................................................................................... 44

7.4.2 Rated capacity information ................................................................................................................ 44

7.4.3 Components ......................................................................................................................................... 44

Annex A (normative) Selection of a suitable set of crane standards for a given application ................. 45

Annex B (normative) Determination of factors............................................................................................. 46

B.1 Calculation of the dynamic coefficient ΦΦ by the simplified method ............................................. 46

B.2 Calculation of dynamic coefficient ΦΦΦΦ by motion response analysis ............................................ 47

B.3 Out of plane influences ....................................................................................................................... 48

B.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 48

B.3.2 Offlead load .......................................................................................................................................... 48

B.3.3 Sidelead load ....................................................................................................................................... 49

B.3.4 Horizontal load combination of the out-of-plane influences .......................................................... 50

B.4 Hook velocity ....................................................................................................................................... 50

B.4.1 Hoisting and lowering velocity .......................................................................................................... 50

B.4.2 Horizontal hook velocity ..................................................................................................................... 50

B.5 Load combinations .............................................................................................................................. 51

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prEN 13852-1:2009 (E)

Annex C (normative) Environmental influences ........................................................................................... 54

C.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 54

C.2 Wind ..................................................................................................................................................... 54

C.2.1 Mean wind velocities .......................................................................................................................... 54

C.2.2 Boom stalling ...................................................................................................................................... 54

C.3 Floating units ...................................................................................................................................... 55

C.4 Thermal effects ................................................................................................................................... 55

C.5 Ice ......................................................................................................................................................... 56

C.6 Stowage ............................................................................................................................................... 56

C.7 Corrosion protection .......................................................................................................................... 56

Annex D (normative) Failure mode analysis ................................................................................................ 57

D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 57

D.2 Failure mode charts ............................................................................................................................ 57

Annex E (normative) Material selection........................................................................................................ 59

E.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 59

E.2 Verification of material quality .......................................................................................................... 59

E.3 Forged rings for slewing bearings .................................................................................................... 59

E.4 Slewing bearing fasteners ................................................................................................................. 60

E.5 Welded structures............................................................................................................................... 61

E.6 Non-welded components ................................................................................................................... 62

Annex F (informative) Control station instrumentation .............................................................................. 64

Annex G (normative) Wire rope safety factors ............................................................................................. 65

G.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 65

G.2 Static safety factors ............................................................................................................................ 65

G.2.1 Running rigging .................................................................................................................................. 65

G.2.2 Standing rigging ................................................................................................................................. 65

G.3 Dynamic safety factors ...................................................................................................................... 65

G.3.1 Running rigging .................................................................................................................................. 65

G.3.2 Standing rigging ................................................................................................................................. 66

G.4 Lifting of personnel ............................................................................................................................ 66

Annex H (normative) Slewing bearings ........................................................................................................ 67

Annex I (normative) Requirements for brakes ............................................................................................. 68

Annex J (normative) Ranking of safety systems ......................................................................................... 69

Annex K (normative) Required performance levels (PLr) for SRP/CS according to EN ISO 13849-

1:2008 ................................................................................................................................................... 70

Annex L (informative) Typical general-purpose offshore cranes and terminology ................................. 72

Annex M (normative) Design excursion envelopes .................................................................................... 77

Annex N (normative) Noise test code ........................................................................................................... 78

N.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 78

N.2 Sound power level determination ..................................................................................................... 78

N.2.1 Basic standard to be used ................................................................................................................. 78

N.2.2 Measurement and calculation procedure ......................................................................................... 78

N.3 Emission sound pressure level determination ................................................................................ 79

N.3.1 Basic standard to be used ................................................................................................................. 79

N.3.2 Crane operator and microphone positions ...................................................................................... 79

N.3.3 Specifications concerning the crane operating cabin .................................................................... 79

N.3.4 Specification relating to wind speed ................................................................................................ 79

N.3.5 Measurement and calculation procedure ......................................................................................... 79

N.4 Operating conditions .......................................................................................................................... 80

N.4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 80

N.4.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 80

N.5 Information on measurement uncertainties ..................................................................................... 82

N.6 Information to be recorded ................................................................................................................ 82

N.7 Information to be reported ................................................................................................................. 82

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prEN 13852-1:2009 (E)

N.8 Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 82

N.9 Noise measurement — test report ..................................................................................................... 83

Annex O (normative) Equipment for use in a hazardous area .................................................................... 87

O.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 87

O.2 Avoidance or reduction of ignition sources ..................................................................................... 87

O.3 Electro technical equipment............................................................................................................... 87

O.4 Non-electro technical equipment ....................................................................................................... 87

O.5 Electrostatic discharge ....................................................................................................................... 87

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/EC ............................................................................................. 89

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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
prEN 13852-1:2009 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 13852-1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 147 “Cranes -

Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 13852-1:2004.
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oSIST prEN 13852-1:2009
prEN 13852-1:2009 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard has been prepared to be a harmonised standard to provide one means for

general-purpose offshore cranes to conform to the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery

Directive, as mentioned in Annex ZA.

Absolute safety of cranes cannot be ensured by design alone, as their operation depends on the skill of

operators, maintenance personnel and inspectors as well as on the numerous technical parameters relating to

the crane and
...

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