This European Standard defines the minimum performance requirements of on-board monitoring systems for axlebox condition monitoring by means of temperature measurements.
This European Standard refers to temperature monitoring of the axlebox. However, the design may be such that the rolling bearing itself is monitored directly.
The requirements of this European Standard are intended to apply equally to basic monitoring systems for monitoring the axlebox temperature through to more technically complex systems that may employ a combination of mechatronics.
To ensure the compatibility of monitoring systems and the effective monitoring functions, this European Standard defines the requirements in the following areas:
-   equipment and characteristics;
-   monitoring performance;
-   operation and interface.
This part of EN 15437 does not include:
-   systems that do not give an indication to the driver;
-   how an on-board monitoring system is structured and how it measures the temperature and identifies axlebox position. This is considered part of equipment design and not part of the functional requirements set out in this standard;
-   operational requirements for acting on the information reported by the on-board monitoring system;
-   operational requirements for conflict of information between trackside monitoring systems and on-board monitoring systems;
-   maintenance requirements for on-board temperature monitoring systems.

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This European Standard:
— defines the forces and moments to be taken into account with reference to masses, traction and braking conditions;
— gives the stress calculation method for axles with outside axle journals;
— specifies the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations for steel grade EA1N, EA1T and EA4T defined in EN 13261;
— describes the method for determination of the maximum permissible stresses for other steel grades;
— determines the diameters for the various sections of the axle and recommends the preferred shapes and transitions to ensure adequate service performance.
This European Standard is applicable for:
— axles defined in EN 13261
— powered and non-powered axles and
— all track gauges3.
The powered axle design method of this European Standard applies to:
— solid and hollow powered axles for railway rolling stock;
— solid and hollow non-powered axles of motor bogies;
— solid and hollow non-powered axles of locomotives.
The non-powered axle design method of this standard applies to solid and hollow axles of railway rolling stock used for the transportation of passengers and freight that are not considered in the list above.
This European Standard is applicable to axles fitted to rolling stock intended to run under normal European conditions. Before using this European Standard, if there is any doubt as to whether the railway operating conditions are normal, it is necessary to determine whether an additional design factor has to be applied to the maximum permissible stresses. The calculation of wheelset axles for special applications (e.g. tamping/lining/levelling machines) may be made according to this European Standard only for the load cases of free-rolling and rolling in train formation. This European Standard does not apply to the loads induced by the vehicles in their working mode. They are calculated separately.
This method can be used for light rail and tramway applications.

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This part of EN 15437 defines the minimum characteristics for the interface between a trackside Hot Axlebox Detector (HABD) and Rolling Stock (RST) that comply with the European Directives for Interoperability to ensure that the minimum functional requirement of the interface is achieved.
The minimum requirements of the interface apply to:
a)   Rolling stock conforming to standard European railway gauge, that is 1 435 mm;
b)   Rolling stock axles fitted with outboard bearings;
NOTE 1   The design of rolling stock axles fitted with inboard bearings should respect the requirements set out in Note 2 of 5.2.
c)   Rolling stock with a maximum design speed lower than 250 km/h;
NOTE 2   Interoperable rolling stock with a maximum design speed higher than or equal to 250 km/h are mandated to have on-board equipment for axlebox condition monitoring. The requirements for on-board equipment are described in !EN 15437-2:2012+A1:2022.
NOTE 3   Interoperable rolling stock with a maximum design speed higher than or equal to 250 km/h are outside the scope of this Part of the standard. However, if such rolling stock are required to be monitored by HABDs their target area should comply with the requirements specified in this standard, except where stated otherwise.
d)   Trackside HABDs that are required to monitor rolling stock with a maximum design speed higher than or equal to 250 km/h.
The rolling stock requirements of the interface are described in Clause 5 and for the HABD requirements of the interface are described in Clause 6.
The scope of this part (part 1) of the standard does not include:
-   Hot Wheel (Hot Disc) Detectors (HWDs). However, HWD are often installed in combination with trackside HABD to provide a dual monitoring system. This standard does not prevent the use of such a combination;
-   how a HABD measures the temperature and identifies axle box position. This is part of an individual equipment design and not part of the functional requirements of this standard;
-   operational requirements for acting on the information reported by the HABD system;
-   maintenance requirements for HABD systems.

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This document applies to welding of metallic materials in the manufacture and maintenance of railway vehicles and their components.
This document specifies applicable design and classification rules.
This document does not define parameters for the dimensioning.
NOTE   Requirements on structures can be found in other standards like EN 12663.

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This document defines the quality requirements as well as the design and production requirements for welding to be followed by manufacturers during maintenance or maintenance activities on railway vehicles and components.

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This European Standard specifies the quality parameters of axlebox rolling bearings supporting the load of the vehicle, required for reliable operation of trains on European networks. It covers metallurgical and material properties as well as geometric and dimensional characteristics. It also defines methods for quality assurance and conditions for approval of the products.

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This document specifies the requirements for the rescue coupler for train sets compliant with the Technical Specification for Interoperability Locomotives and Passenger rolling stock (TSI Loc & Pas).
This document defines the rescue coupler foreseen to connect rescue vehicle equipped with draw hook, according to EN 15566 together with the train to be rescued equipped with Type 10 automatic coupler according to EN 16019.

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This document defines the requirements for buffers with 105 mm, 110 mm and 150 mm stroke for vehicles or units which use buffers and screw coupling. It covers the functionality, interfaces and testing procedures, including pass fail criteria, for buffers.
NOTE 1   Typically, buffers with a stroke of 105 mm are used on freight wagons and locomotives, buffers with a stroke of 110 mm are used on coaches and locomotives and buffers with a stroke of 150 mm are used on freight wagons.
It defines the different categories of buffers, the space envelope, static and dynamic characteristics and energy absorption.
It defines the static and dynamic characteristics of the elastic systems.
It also defines the requirements for buffers with integrated crash elements (crashworthy buffers) for tank wagons for dangerous goods.
The requirements of this document also apply to buffers of locomotives and passenger coaches which are bound to meet the crashworthiness requirements of EN 15227 for normal service only. The properties for the energy absorbing function are defined in EN 15227 and the requirements specified in Clause 7 for tank wagons for dangerous goods are not applicable to the buffers of these locomotives and passenger coaches.
Diagonal buffers are excluded from this document.
For the crashworthy buffers of locomotives, cab cars or passenger coaches according to EN 15227, and tank wagons for dangerous goods or buffers which form part of a combined system consisting of a special buffer and a deformation element, interchangeability with freight wagon buffers is not required, and therefore the requirements of 5.3 (Buffer dimensions) do not apply, those of 5.4 (Mechanical characteristics of buffers) and 5.6 (Marking) apply with restrictions.
NOTE 2   For tank wagons subjected to dangerous goods regulation see [35].

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This document is applicable to vehicles equipped with buffers and screw coupling systems.
In order to allow operation and coupling of trainsets or vehicles, this document specifies the
defined free space for the shunter called the "Berne rectangle" and the necessary free space for
the installation of the rescue coupler.
This document specifies the location, fixing and free spaces on the headstock of:
- buffers;
- screw coupling systems;
- end cocks;
- pneumatic half couplings;
- connections for electric cables.
It also specifies the calculation of the width of the buffer heads.
Unless otherwise displayed, all dimensions given in this document are nominal values.

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This document specifies the requirements for the draw gear and screw coupling for the end of rolling stock that is bound to couple with other rolling stock (freight wagons, locomotives, passenger vehicles, etc.).
This document covers the functionality, construction, interfaces and testing including pass/fail criteria for draw gear and screw coupling.
The document describes three categories of classification of draw gear and screw coupling, (1 MN, 1,2 MN and 1,5 MN).
Coupling systems between permanently coupled vehicle units are not in the scope of this document.

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This document specifies the minimum ergonomic and structural integrity requirements for steps and handrails used by staff to access the following heavy rail vehicles:
—   passenger vehicles;
—   vans;
—   locomotives;
—   power units of rolling stock;
—   passenger-rated car carriers.
This document defines the required spaces necessary for shunter handrails and shunter’s stand and gives references for the required spaces necessary for handling of screw couplings with side buffers. For staff access, it defines footsteps, handrails and their dimensions and free spaces. To fulfil the requirements for loads which are applied by the staff, it defines dimensions and requirements for materials or design loads.
This document also defines the general requirements of steps and handrail for access to external equipment, for example windscreens, wipers or external lights.

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This document defines terms and specifies requirements for adhesive bonding and sealing work in rail vehicles and their components independent of the material of the adherend and the solidification mechanism, strength, and deformation properties of the adhesives.
This document is applicable to adhesive bonding and sealing adherends in the:
-   development (pre-production);
-   production (in-production);
-   maintenance including repair (post-production);
-   quality assurance of production, inspection, maintenance including repair of rail vehicles and their components.
This document is not applicable to:
-   screw retention by the usage of adhesives, if a screw assembly without further safeguard of identical joint design is sufficient for the purpose;
-   hybrid joints, if the expected function is given exclusively by another joining technology e.g. welding, screwing, riveting;
-   production of vulcanizates;
-   production of plywood;
-   production of fibre reinforced plastic composites (FRP-composites);
-   production of laminated safety glass;
-   pure encapsulating of electronic parts;
-   application of single-sided adhesive decorative films.

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This document is limited to specifying the requirements when applying adhesion material to the interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail, and includes both trainborne and trackside solutions.
This document only covers the equipment and application of adhesion material to the active interface.
This document defines:
- the characteristics that systems for the application of adhesion materials of the wheel-rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
- all relevant terminology which is specific to the adhesion materials of the wheel-rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway.
NOTE 1 This document can also be used for other railways, e.g urban rail.
NOTE 2 Where technologies are used to influence the wheel/rail interface, other than the application of a material, this document is out of scope but can be used as guidance.

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This document specifies the requirements of adhesion materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). It can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This document does not deal with Top of Rail materials. For Top of Rail materials see CEN/TS 15427-2-2:2021.

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This document specifies the requirements of materials intended to be applied to the interface between the wheel tread and the rail crown (active interface). It can be applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel tread or rail.
It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the material.
This document does not deal with adhesion materials, for example:
-   sand;
-   adhesion enhancers.

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This document is limited to specifying the requirements when applying material to the active interface between the wheel tread and the crown of the rail and includes trainborne and track side equipment.
This document only covers the equipment and application of material to the active interface.
This document defines:
-   the characteristics that systems of top of rail equipment for wheel-rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;
-   all relevant terminology which is specific to the application of top of rail materials of the wheel-rail interface.
This document only applies to the mainline railway.
NOTE   This document can also be used for other railways, e.g. urban rail.

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This document:
-   defines the forces and moments to be taken into account with reference to masses, traction and braking conditions;
-   gives the stress calculation method for axles with inboard axle journals;
-   specifies the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations for steel grade EA1N, EA1T and EA4T defined in EN 13261;
-   describes the method for determination of the maximum permissible stresses for other steel grades;
-   determines the diameters for the various sections of the axle and recommends the preferred shapes and transitions to ensure adequate service performance.
This document is applicable for axles defined in EN 13261.
This document applies only for heavy rail vehicles.
The calculation of wheelsets for special applications (e.g. railbound construction and maintenance machines) can be made according to this document only for the load cases of free-rolling and rolling in train formation.

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This document presents the stage of knowledge resulting from the Euraxles project about the design of the axle, and further steps to be taken.
It is the support:
- to define the loads to be taken into account;
- to describe the stress calculation method using finite elements and the validation processes associated;
- to specify the maximum permissible stresses to be assumed in calculations and the safety factors to be used.
This technical report is applicable for:
- wheelset Axles defined in EN 13261 as "pure wheelset";
- other axle designs such as those encountered in particular rolling stocks e.g. with independent wheels, variable gauges, urban rail...
This document has not for aim to replace EN 13103-1 and CEN/TS 13103-2 but to present a complementary method to the existing ones.

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This technical report is applicable to tram vehicles according to EN 17343. Tram-Train vehicles, on track machines, infrastructure inspection vehicles and road-rail machines according to EN 17343 and demountable machines/machinery are not in the scope of this
technical report.
This technical report describes passive safety measures to reduce the consequences of collisions with pedestrians. These measures provide the last means of protection when all other possibilities of preventing an accident have failed, i.e.
- Design recommendations for the vehicle front to minimize the impact effect on a pedestrian when hit,
- Design recommendations for the vehicle front end for side (lateral) deflections in order to minimize the risk of being drawn under the vehicle on flat ground (embedded track),
- Design recommendations for the vehicle body underframe to not aggravate injuries to a pedestrian/body lying on the ground,
- Recommendations to prevent the pedestrian from being over-run by the leading wheels of the vehicle.
The following measures to actively improve safety are not in the scope of this technical report:
- Colour of front;
- Additional position lights;
- Additional cameras;
- Driver assistance systems;
- Additional acoustic warning devices, etc.;
- View of the driver / mirrors;
- Consequences for pedestrian injuries due to secondary impact with infrastructure (side posts, concrete ground, poles, trees, etc.).
The recommendations of this technical report only apply to new vehicles.

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The purpose of this document is to analyse the conducted investigation and evaluation of lateral displacement and buffer overlap between each two specified vehicles of different train sets for defined running cases in curves.
For this purpose, the types of vehicles defining the train sets and different operating conditions are specified. Position of the vehicles on the track at the moment of maximum lateral displacement (minimum buffer overlap) is recorded during the calculation.
The worst cases of lateral displacement and buffer overlap between two coupled vehicles as well as relation to formulae in EN 15551:2009 are analysed.

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This European Standard is applicable to all railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex F on the application of the standard (migration rule).
Rolling stock of the following types are excluded from the scope of this draft European Standard:
-   metros, tramways, and other light rail vehicles;
-   vehicles for the operation of local, urban or suburban passenger services on networks that are functionally separate from the rest of the railway system;
-   vehicles exclusively used on privately owned railway infrastructure that exist solely for use by the owner for its own freight operations;
-   vehicles reserved for a strictly local, historical or touristic use.
On-track machines are in the scope of this European Standard only when in transport (running) configuration on their own rail wheels, either self-propelled or hauled.
However, the requirements may be appropriate for other applications that have similar operational conditions. It specifies the principles and processes to be followed to achieve satisfactory arrangements for re-railing or recovery of railway vehicles and to validate the design against the relevant performance and safety requirements.
The interface between the re-railing and recovery equipment and the vehicle structure is considered as the interface between the jack contact faces or the lifting bracket contact areas. The structural requirements for the vehicle structure are set out in EN 12663 1 and EN 12663 2.
NOTE   Railway vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives correspond to the categories L, P-I, P-II, F-I and F-II defined in EN 12663-1.

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CEN/TC 256 - Deletion of a superfluous clause in the document in all three langauge versions. No xml version as the mother version EN 12561-3:2011 is not available as xml.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for Type 10 automatic couplers for railway applications.
It defines the minimum interface requirements in order to allow automatic coupling (mechanical and pneumatic) of two Type 10 automatic couplers.
The interfaces of the end coupler specified in this European Standard:
-   enable the rescue of a train set in an event of a breakdown by another trainset of different type, without the need to use an intermediate coupler adapter, accessories or component;
-   are the reference interfaces to which the rescue coupler defined by EN 15020 will comply.
It does not define:
-   interface requirements concerning electrical connections;
-   clearance requirements around the coupler head;
-   the height above top of rail for the coupler;
-   the position of the pivot point of the coupler.

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This European Standard applies to hydraulic dampers and their end mountings used on rail vehicles. The dampers covered in this standard include:
-   Dampers that control the dynamic behaviour of a vehicle:
-   Suspensions dampers, (e.g. primary vertical dampers, secondary vertical dampers and secondary lateral dampers);
-   Yaw dampers;
-   Roll dampers;
-   Inter-vehicles dampers.
-   Dampers that control the dynamic behaviour of mechanical systems:
-   Pantograph dampers;
-   Motor dampers, etc.
All relevant terminology which is specific to the subject is defined in this European Standard.

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This technical standard specifies the characteristics of cast railway wheels for use on European networks.
Two steel grades, C ER7 and C ER8, are defined in this Technical Specification. For tread-braked wheels; only C ER7 is used.
This Technical Specification is applicable to cast wheels which have a chilled rim. The standard is only applicable to cast wheels that have satisfied the technical approval procedure according to CEN/TS 13979-2.
This Technical Specification applies only to wheels used in freight wagon applications for speeds up to and including 120 km/h.

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This Technical Specification defines the requirements for a cast monobloc wheel of a freight railway vehicle non-powered axle for use on a European network.
   It only applies to wheels of new design or new European application.
   These requirements are intended to assess the validity of the design choice for the proposed use.
   The assessment of these requirements is the technical approval procedure.
   This Technical Specification does not address the quality requirements for cast wheels. These quality requirements are defined in Technical Specification CEN/TS 15718.

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This European Standard specifies requirements on and characteristics of bottom filling and emptying devices on tank wagons used for the carriage of gases liquefied under pressure having a test pressure up to 2,9 MPa. This European Standard specifies the important dimensions and arrangements for the filling and emptying connections. Safety functions of these devices are subject to RID requirements and not described in this document.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.
NOTE   It is intended to include quick couplings in a future revision of this European Standard.

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This European Standard applies to manholes on tank wagons used for the transport of dangerous substances. Safety functions of these devices are subject to RID requirements and not described in this document.
This European Standard specifies the dimensions for the interchangeability of seals and other wearing parts and defines also the important dimensions for:
- manholes for gas tank wagons located in one end of the tank;
- manholes for gas tank wagons located on the top of the tank including the arrangement of fittings;
- bolted manholes for tank wagons for liquid substances located on the top of the tank;
- swing bolt manholes for tank wagons for liquid substances located on the top of the tank.
Quick closing/opening manholes are permitted but are not covered by this European Standard.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.

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This European Standard specifies requirements on and characteristics of bottom emptying devices on tank wagons used for the carriage of liquid substances of RID. This European Standard specifies the most important dimensions of connection devices for the emptying of the tank. Safety functions of these devices are subject to RID requirements and not described in this document.
This European Standard is applicable to bottom vapour return devices where fitted to tank wagons.
This European standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.

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This European Standard applies to ladders, platforms and walkways on tank wagons fitted with top devices. It does not apply to crossing gangways nor to steps in so far as they are covered by UIC leaflets. This European Standard defines the important dimensions for manufacturers and operators of such tank wagons and takes into consideration the relevant and applicable construction and safety guidelines.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.
In consideration of the smaller loading gauge within the UK, this European Standard does not apply to wagons operating exclusively therein.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements on and characteristics of top devices of tank wagons fitted for bottom emptying only and filling through the manhole and used for liquid substances of RID. Safety functions of these devices are subject to RID requirements and not described in this document.
This European Standard specifies in particular the important dimensions and arrangements for the connections of such tank wagons.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.
NOTE   To take account of the loading gauge restrictions within Great Britain this European Standard does not apply to tank wagons operating exclusively therein.

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This European Standard specifies positioning of connections, connection dimensions and coupling tightening devices for connections of steam heating installations used on tank wagons.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.

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This European Standard is applicable to top devices of tank wagons used for liquid substances of RID carried in the liquid state and able to be top filled and emptied. Safety functions of these devices are subject to RID requirements and not described in this document.
This European Standard specifies the type of equipment which is fitted on the top of such tank wagons and the important dimensions for their connections.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.

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This European Standard lays down the identification plates for tank wagons used for the carriage of:
- liquefied gases of class 2 of RID,
- substances of classes 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2, 8 and 9 of RID.
Compressed gases have not been considered in this European Standard.
This European Standard also defines the dimensions and the fixing of identification plates and various particulars to be marked on them.
The requirements of RID shall override conflicting requirements of this European Standard.
This European Standard applies to new tank wagons built after the 1st January 2010.

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This European Standard consolidates all the separate requirements specified in rolling stock TSIs and European Standards relating to bogies and running gear together into an overall requirement and process that ensures a functional and safe design is achieved for a defined operating envelope.
There are many European Standards that specify the design requirements and associated processes of bogie and running gear components and sub-assemblies. There are also European standards that specify vehicle performance and validation requirements that depend directly on the bogies or running gear. The objective of this standard is to bring all these separate design criteria together. This is accomplished by specifying the design and validation processes to be used for bogies and running gear with particular focus on the two key disciplines of dynamic behaviour and structural integrity. To ensure that safe operation can be continued throughout the product life the definition of a maintenance plan is also required.
This European Standard is applicable to bogies and running gear intended for vehicles that will operate under the Interoperability Directives on designated TEN routes. The requirements, however, can be used in other applications at the discretion of the interested parties. It specifies the requirements to achieve a satisfactory design of bogie or running gear and to validate the design against the relevant performance and safety criteria. Technical requirements are specified directly or by making reference to the relevant European standards and include the nature and content of an auditable record that should be produced of the design and validation processes.
The requirements address only the design and validation of bogies and running gear. No requirements are set for other systems components that are attached to the bogies or running gear, except to establish that a satisfactory interface has been provided.
NOTE   Specifications that relate to bogies and running

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This European Standard specifies a testing method and sets the acceptance criteria for the determining of the lubrication ability of lubricating greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox bearings. The lubricating ability, primarily related to the capability of lubricating greases to protect against wear, is determined in a roller bearing lubricant test rig. Wear of the rolling bearing rollers, the frictional behaviour and temperature during the test are used to discriminate between lubricating greases.
NOTE 1   The testing method is referred to in EN 12081.
The method described is carried out in order to test axlebox greases for ordinary-speed vehicles, with speeds up to 200 km/h, and for greases intended for high-speed vehicles, with speeds up to 300 km/h. The method is a discriminating process, and those greases that pass will be subject to more extensive performance tests.
NOTE 2   In EN 12082 a more extensive rig performance test is described in detail. This rig performance test will check the satisfactory function of the assembly of box housing, bearing, sealing and grease during a simulated journey.
For purpose of quality assurance and quality control, this test method is also used for batch testing of greases intended for use in axleboxes.
For light rail and tramway applications other standards or documents agreed between the customer and the supplier may be applied.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and sets the acceptance criteria for the determination of the mechanical stability of lubricating greases intended for the lubrication of axlebox bearings according to EN 12081. In the test, impacts are applied to the lubricating grease so that only very stable lubricating greases will perform acceptably. The method is used in a discrimination process for finding lubricating greases of such mechanical stability that they are considered accepted lubricating greases for more extensive performance tests according to EN 12082.
For purposes of quality assurance and quality control, this test method is also used for batch testing of lubricating greases.

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This European Standard specifies minimum structural requirements for freight wagon bodies and associated specific equipment such as: roof, side and end walls, door, stanchion, fasteners and attachments. It defines also special requirements for the freight wagon bodies when the wagon is equipped with crashworthy buffers.
It defines the loads sustained by vehicle bodies and specific equipment, gives material data, identifies its use and presents principles and methods to be used for design validation by analysis and testing.
For this design validation, two methods are given:
-   one based on loadings, tests and criteria based upon methods used previously by the UIC rules and applicable only for car bodies made of steel;
-   one based on the method of design and assessment of vehicles bodies given in EN 12663-1. For this method, the load conditions to be applied to freight wagons are given in this European Standard. They are copied in the EN 12663-1 in order to facilitate its use when applied to freight wagons.
The freight wagons are divided into categories which are defined only with respect to the structural requirements of the vehicle bodies.
Some freight wagons do not fit into any of the defined categories; the structural requirements for such freight wagons should be part of the specification and be based on the principles presented in this European Standard.
The standard applies to all freight wagons within the EU and EFTA territories. The specified requirements assume operating conditions and circumstances such as are prevalent in these countries.

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This European Standard applies to new and upgraded freight wagons where an approval is required. These protecting devices are classified into two types of load and this standard defines the requirements for the durability of the closing and locking devices, their status indication, maintenance and recycling. This standard also defines pass-fail criteria for the dimensioning tests.
NOTE   Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed by the contracting parties involved.
This standard is not applicable to closing and locking devices which are used to ensure a pressure difference or to retain liquids /liquid payloads. It is not applicable to vehicles which are emptied by pressure, nor is it applicable to loose tarpaulins.

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This series of standards applies to welding of metallic materials in the manufacture and maintenance of railway vehicles and their parts.
This part of the series describes the production requirements (i.e. preparation and execution) of the welding work.

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This series of standards applies to welding of metallic materials in the manufacture and maintenance of railway vehicles and their parts.
This part of the series specifies:
-   inspections and testing to be executed on the welds;
-   destructive as well as non-destructive tests to be performed;
-               necessary documentation to issue to declare the conformity of the products.

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This European Standard applies to torsion bars made of steel for anti-roll bar systems used on railway vehicles.
This European Standard includes straight and bended torsion bars, but does not detail the other components of the anti-roll bar systems such as levers, bearings, bushes etc.
This European Standard constitutes guidelines on the following topics:
-   design;
-   specification of technical requirements;
-   production requirements;
-   tests;
-   supply conditions.

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This standard specifies:
- the characteristics the air brake control elements shall have and the tests to be carried out;
- the guidelines for drafting the approval procedure applied by the customer;
- the guidelines for drafting the qualification procedure for the product based on the requirements
specified;
- the guidelines for drafting the quality surveillance provisions for the manufacture of the air spring
control elements.
The requirements of this standard are applicable to air spring control elements having to equip rail vehicles
operating on a reserved track under permanent guidance without any distinction between the nature or the
route of the track.
It covers complete control elements. It is essential that the various components are defined by particular
specifications.
This standard specifies:
- the differential valves;
- the filters;
- the levelling valves;
- the non-return valves;
- the minimum pressure valves;
- the pressure-reducing valves;
- the end stop valves;
- the isolating valves.
This standard does not take into account the other air suspension control elements such as the installation of
pipes, pipework elements and air production elements.

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This European Standard specifies principles and requirements for measuring bogies with 3 wheelsets. This ensures that the measuring processes are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified bogies with 3 wheelsets.
Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements are generally agreed between the contracting parties involved.
The measuring processes relate to the bogies with or without add-ons in their entirety or just part of them if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring processes not specified here are necessary and are specified in each individual case.

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This European Standard specifies principles and requirements for measuring multiple and articulated freight wagons. This ensures that the measuring processes are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified multiple and articulated freight wagons.
Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements are generally agreed between the contracting parties involved.
The measuring processes relate to multiple and articulated freight wagons with or without add-ons in their entirety or just part of them if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring processes not specified here are necessary and are specified in each individual case.

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This European Standard specifies principles and requirements for measuring bogies with 2 wheelsets. This ensures that the measuring processes are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified bogies with 2 wheelsets.
Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements are generally agreed between the contracting parties involved. The measuring processes relate to the bogies with or without add-ons in their entirety or just part of them if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring processes not specified here are necessary and are specified in each individual case.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for measuring freight wagons with bogies. This ensures that the measuring processes are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified freight wagons with bogies. Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed upon by the contracting parties involved.
The measuring processes relate to the whole or parts of the underframes with or without add-ons if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring methods not specified here are necessary and should be specified in each individual case. This applies as appropriate to bogies.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for measuring freight wagons and bogies. This ensures that the measuring methods are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified freight wagons and bogies. Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed upon by the contracting parties involved.
The measuring methods relate to the whole or parts of the underframes with or without add-ons if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring methods not specified here are necessary and should be specified in each individual case. This applies as appropriate to bogies.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for measuring freight wagons with 2 wheelsets. This ensures that the measuring processes are applied in accordance with uniform criteria. It applies to new and modified freight wagons with 2 wheelsets. Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed upon by the contracting parties involved.
The measuring processes relate to the whole or parts of the underframes with or without add-ons if the geometrical structure does not permit anything else. Where appropriate, other measuring methods not specified here are necessary and should be specified in each individual case.

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This standard defines: - characteristics that suspension diaphragms shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification; - approval procedure to be implemented by the customer; - guidelines for qualification of the product with specified requirements; - quality monitoring of diaphragms in manufacture; - supply requirements. This standard applies to suspension diaphragms designed to be fitted on railway vehicles and similar vehicles running on dedicated tracks with permanent guide systems, whatever the type of rail and the running surface.

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