Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for tube forming and rolling mills and their finishing line equipment
This European Standard describes the health and safety requirements of fully automated plant used in the process of tube forming, rolling and finishing (hereafter referred to as "plant"). It describes the foreseeable, significant hazards, hazardous situations, and events arising from plants and from particular machines integrated to form the plant; it does not describe the full health and safety requirements for each particular machine. It indicates preventive measures for avoiding the hazards and reducing the risks. It deals not only with circumstances where the machinery is used as intended, but also includes other conditions foreseen by the manufacturer, such as foreseeable faults, malfunctions or misuse. This European Standard specifies the requirements to ensure the safety of persons which are to be met during the design, assembly, transport, commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the equipment. This standard assumes that installations are operated and maintained by adequately trained and competent personnel. Manual intervention for setting, adjustment and maintenance is accepted as part of the normal use of these machines.
Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Rohrform- und -walzwerke und Adjustageanlagen
Dieses Dokument beschreibt die allgemeinen Sicherheitsanforderungen an automatisierte Anlagen für die
Herstellung von geformten und gewalzten Rohren und deren Adjustage (im nachfolgenden Text „Anlagen“
genannt). Es beschreibt vorhersehbare, signifikante Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und -ereignisse
für Anlagen und für Einzelmaschinen, aus denen die Anlage besteht. Es beschreibt nicht alle Gesundheitsund
Sicherheitsanforderungen an jede einzelne Maschine. Es zeigt vorbeugende Maßnahmen zur
Vermeidung der Gefährdungen und Reduzierung der Risiken auf. Es behandelt nicht nur die Gegebenheiten,
bei denen die Maschine bestimmungsgemäß genutzt wird, sondern beinhaltet auch andere Bedingungen, die
der Hersteller in Betracht gezogen hat, wie vorhersehbare Fehler, Fehlfunktionen oder fehlerhafte Nutzung.
Dieses Dokument spezifiziert die Anforderungen, die erfüllt werden müssen, um die Sicherheit von Personen
während der Konstruktion, des Baus, des Transports, der Inbetriebnahme, des Betriebs, der Instandhaltung
und der Außerbetriebnahme sicherzustellen.
Dieses Dokument geht davon aus, dass die Anlagen von entsprechend geschultem und fachkundigem
Personal bedient und gewartet werden. Das manuelle Eingreifen zum Einrichten, Einstellen und zur Wartung
wird als Teil des normalen Einsatzes dieser Maschinen akzeptiert.
Dieses Dokument geht davon aus, dass die Maschinen bei entsprechender Arbeitsplatzbeleuchtung nach
!EN 12464-1" oder gemäß lokalen Bestimmungen genutzt werden.
Dieses Dokument gilt für:
Automatisierte Anlagen und Ausrüstungen zur Herstellung von warm- und kaltgewalzten Nahtlosrohren sowie
geschweißten Rohren. Eine Liste von Maschinen mit denen verschiedene Anlagen zusammengesetzt werden
können, ist in Anhang D (informativ) aufgeführt.
Dieses Dokument umfasst:
Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour formeuses et laminoirs à tubes et de lignes de parachèvement
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions d’hygiène et de sécurité générales pour les équipements automatisés utilisés pour les formeuses et les laminoirs à tubes ainsi que les ligne de parachèvement (ci-après dénommés «équipements»). Elle décrit les phénomènes, situations et événements dangereux prévisibles et significatifs pour ces installations y compris les machines particulières intégrées à celles-ci. Elle indique les mesures préventives possibles pour éliminer les phénomènes dangereux et réduire les risques. Elle ne prend pas seulement en compte les conditions liées à l'usage prévu de la machine, elle inclut aussi celles prévues par le fabricant comme les défauts, les dysfonctionnements ou les mauvais usages prévisibles.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions à satisfaire pour garantir la sécurité des personnes pendant la conception, la construction, le transport, la mise en service, le fonctionnement, la maintenance et la mise hors service de l’équipement.
La présente norme suppose que l'exploitation et la maintenance des installations soient réalisées par un personnel compétent et formé de façon adaptée. L’intervention manuelle pour l’installation, le réglage et la maintenance est considéré comme faisant partie de l’usage normal de ces machines.
Cette norme suppose que les installations sont utilisées avec un éclairage adéquat des postes de travail conforme à l’!EN 12464-1" ou à la réglementation locale.
Cette norme s'applique aux :
Installations et équipements automatiques destinés à la production de tubes en métal non soudés laminés à chaud et à froid et de tubes soudés. Une liste de machines pour installations différentes est présentée en Annexe D (informative).
Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za cevarne, valjarne in opremo za pakiranje blaga
Ta evropski standard opisuje zdravstvene in varnostne zahteve za popolnoma avtomatiziran obrat, ki se uporablja v procesih cevarn, valjarn in pakiranja blaga (v nadaljevanju »obrat«). Opisuje predvidljive pomembne nevarnosti, nevarne situacije in dogodke, ki izhajajo iz obratov ter posameznih strojev, ki so del obrata; ne opisuje popolnih zdravstvenih in varnostnih zahtev za vsak posamezen stroj. Navaja preventivne ukrepe za preprečevanje nevarnosti in zmanjševanje tveganj. Obravnava ne le okoliščine, v katerih se stroji uporabljajo kot predvideno, pač pa vključuje tudi druge pogoje, ki jih predvidi proizvajalec, na primer predvidene napake, okvare ali napačno uporabo. Ta evropski standard določa zahteve za zagotavljanje varnosti oseb, ki so vključene v načrtovanje, sestavljanje, prevoz, usposobitev za zagon, delovanje, vzdrževanje in izločitev opreme iz uporabe. Ta standard predvideva, da inštalacije upravlja in vzdržuje primerno usposobljeno in pristojno osebje. Ročni posegi v nastavitve, prilagoditve in vzdrževanje so sprejemljivi kot del normalne uporabe teh strojev.
Standards Content (Sample)
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za cevarne, valjarne in opremo za pakiranje blagaSicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Rohrform- und -walzwerke und AdjustageanlagenSécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour formeuses et laminoirs à tubes et de lignes de parachèvementSafety of machinery - Safety requirements for tube forming and rolling mills and their finishing line equipment77.180Oprema za metalurško industrijoEquipment for the metallurgical industry25.120.20Rolling, extruding and drawing equipment13.110Varnost strojevSafety of machineryICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13675:2004+A1:2010SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010en,fr01-junij-2010SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010SLOVENSKI
SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2010 ICS 77.180 Supersedes EN 13675:2004English Version
Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for tube forming and rolling mills and their finishing line equipment
Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour formeuses et laminoirs à tubes et de lignes de parachèvement
Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Rohrform- und -walzwerke und Adjustageanlagen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 April 2004 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 21 February 2010.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13675:2004+A1:2010: ESIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword . 31Scope . 52Normative references . 63Terms and definitions . 84List of significant hazards . 95Safety Requirements and/or measures . 105.1!General design requirements . 105.2List of !significant" hazards, hazardous situations, safety requirements and/or measures (Table 1) . 155.3Special safety requirements and/or measures . 295.4Noise reduction as a safety requirement . 306Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures . 337Information for use . 347.1!General . 347.2Warning devices and safety signs . 347.3Minimum marking" . 347.4!Accompanying documents". 357.5Maintenance manual . 37Annex A (normative)
!Safety requirements and/or measures for electrical equipment and control systems at tube forming and rolling mills and finishing line equipment" . 39Annex B (normative)
!Noise test code" . 43Annex C (informative)
An example of manufacturer's safety instructions for maintenance . 47Annex D (informative)
List of typical plants/machinery covered by this standard . 49Annex ZA (informative)
!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC" . 51Bibliography . 52
SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13675:2004+A1:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 322 “Equipment for making and shaping of metals — Safety requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2010. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2010-02-21. This document supersedes EN 13675:2004. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags!"Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annexes A and B are normative.
Annexes C and D are informative. An assessment of the foreseeable risks arising from the use of the plant/machinery was carried out when this standard was drafted by CEN/TC 322/WG 3, comprising experts from the following countries: Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 4 Introduction !This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document. When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C standard. Where for clarity an example of a preventative measure is given in the text, this should not be considered as the only possible solution. Any other solution leading to the same risk reduction is permissible if an equivalent level of safety is achieved. This European Standard assumes that the equipment is operated and maintained by trained personnel." SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard describes the health and safety requirements of fully automated plant used in the process of tube forming, rolling and finishing (hereafter referred to as "plant"). It describes the foreseeable, significant hazards, hazardous situations, and events arising from plants and from particular machines integrated to form the plant; it does not describe the full health and safety requirements for each particular machine. It indicates preventive measures for avoiding the hazards and reducing the risks. It deals not only with circumstances where the machinery is used as intended, but also includes other conditions foreseen by the manufacturer, such as foreseeable faults, malfunctions or misuse. This European Standard specifies the requirements to ensure the safety of persons which are to be met during the design, assembly, transport, commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the equipment. This standard assumes that installations are operated and maintained by adequately trained and competent personnel. Manual intervention for setting, adjustment and maintenance is accepted as part of the normal use of these machines. This standard assumes that the machinery is used with adequate workplace lighting conforming to
!EN 12464-1" or to local regulations. This standard applies to: Automated plant and equipment operated for the production of metal seamless hot and cold finished tubes and welded tubes. A list of machines which could make up different plants is shown in Annex D (informative). This standard covers: For seamless hot-finished tubes: from material charging downstream of the heating furnace through the rolling process and up to, but not including any intermediate storage equipment or the downstream finishing lines. For seamless cold-finished tubes: from material charging through the rolling process to the discharging equipment but not including any storage equipment. For welded tubes: from coil charging through strip preparation, forming and welding equipment up to, but not including any intermediate storage equipment or the downstream finishing lines. For the tube finishing line: from tube charging to the discharging equipment to the storage. The following items are outside the scope of this standard: complete risk assessment of single machines which are used to form a plant furnaces; quenching equipment; spiral tube manufacture; large diameter tube welding manufacture using three-roll bending machines, U-ing and O-ing press lines and their finishing lines; butt welding machinery for the manufacture of endless strips; irradiation units (material testing by e. g., ultrasonic and X-ray testing units); centrifugal casting machines; machine tools used for e. g., threading, chamfering, stamping and marking machines; SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 6 storage equipment. This standard does not establish any requirements concerning electromagnetic disturbances. This standard is not applicable to tube rolling and forming mills and finishing line equipment, manufactured before the date of publication of this standard by CEN. NOTE The words "Tube" and "Pipe" are synonymous in this standard. 2 Normative references !The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies." !EN 349:1993, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body EN 614-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic design principles — Part 1: Terminology and general principles EN 614-2, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic design principles — Part 2: Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks EN 626-1:1994, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery — Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers EN 842, Safety of machinery — Visual danger signals — General requirements, design and testing EN 853, Rubber hoses and hose assemblies — Wire braid reinforced hydraulic type — Specification EN 854, Rubber hoses and hose assemblies — Textile reinforced hydraulic type — Specification EN 856, Rubber hoses and hose assemblies — Rubber-covered spiral wire reinforced hydraulic type — Specification EN 857, Rubber hoses and hose assemblies — Wire braid reinforced compact type for hydraulic applications — Specification EN 894-1, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators —
Part 1: General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators EN 894-2, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators —
Part 2: Displays EN 894-3, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators —
Part 3: Control actuators EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards EN 981:1996, Safety of machinery — System of auditory and visual danger and information signals EN 982:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Hydraulics EN 983:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Pneumatics EN 999:1998, Safety of machinery — The positioning of protective equipment in respect of approach speeds of parts of the human body SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 7 EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up EN 1063, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against bullet attack EN 1088:1995, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design and selection EN 1299, Mechanical vibration and shock — Vibration isolation of machines — Information for the application of source isolation EN 1837, Safety of machinery — Integral lighting of machines EN 12198-1, Safety of machinery — Assessment and reduction of risks arising from radiation emitted by machinery — Part 1: General principles EN 12254, Screens for laser working places — Safety requirements and testing EN 13861, Safety of machinery — Guidance for the application of ergonomics standards in the design of machinery EN 14253, Mechanical vibration — Measurement and calculation of occupational exposure to whole-body vibration with reference to health — Practical guidance EN 50171, Central power supply systems EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified) EN 60447, Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface — Marking and identification — Actuating principles (IEC 60447:2004) EN 60825-1:2007, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements
(IEC 60825-1:2007) EN 61310-1, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:2007) EN 61310-2, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 2: Requirements for marking
(IEC 61310-2:2007) EN 61496-1, Safety of machinery — Electro- sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2004, modified) EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996) EN ISO 7731:2005, Ergonomics — Danger signals for public and work areas — Auditory danger signals (ISO 7731:2003) EN ISO 9692-2, Welding and allied processes — Joint preparation — Part 2: Submerged arc welding of steels (ISO 9692-2:1998) EN ISO 11064-1, Ergonomic design of control centres — Part 1: Principles for the design of control centres
(ISO 11064-1:2000) EN ISO 11202, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Survey method in situ (ISO 11202:1995) SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 8 EN ISO 11688-1, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995) EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003) EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003) EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006) EN ISO 13849-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13850:2006, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) EN ISO 14121-1, Safety of machinery — Risk assessment — Part 1: Principles (ISO 14121-1:2007) EN ISO 14122-1, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 1: Choice of a fixed means of access between two levels (ISO 14122-1:2001) EN ISO 14122-2, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2: Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2001) EN ISO 14122-3, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2001) EN ISO 14122-4, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants — Part 4: Fixed ladders (ISO 14122-4:2004) ISO 3864-1, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Index and synopsis" 3 Terms and definitions !For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2003 and the following apply. NOTE Definitions used in EN and ISO standards referred to in this European Standard are also valid for this European Standard." 3.1 product/material metal being in forming or rolling process (e.g., billets, hollow blooms, tubes and pipes) 3.2 pulpit enclosed room in which the control desk and monitoring facilities for a machine or equipment are located 3.3
control stand free standing control desk (usually situated adjacent to the machine or equipment) SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 9 3.4
mandrels a) tools to form seamless tubes b) the centre on which the strips are coiled 3.5
custom-made equipment equipment made to the customers specification 3.6
large plant/equipment interconnected equipment (size > 15 m) in which several items of machinery or forming stages are linked by dedicated transport facilities (e. g., roller conveyors, cross-transfer systems). Excluded are overhead cranes, fork lifts, trucks and railway trucks and other vehicles 3.7
cobbling product/material leaving its intended path 3.8
competent person person with the knowledge of systems, background, experience and ability to operate and/or maintain the equipment in the way intended 3.9
unauthorized person person not permitted to enter certain areas, or to perform certain actions in relation with the operation and/or maintenance of the equipment, because not having the required specific knowledge and skill and for not being properly equipped in order to avoid the related hazards 3.10 automated operation access to a danger zone where automated processes take place shall be prevented, because there are dangerous movements, which cannot be influenced by the operator in a pulpit or at a control stand. Manual operations such as loading, unloading, maintenance or repairs are forbidden in the dangerous zone of the automatic operation 4 List of significant hazards An assessment of the hazards and risks arising from the use of machines which form a plant, and falling within the scope of this standard, was carried out when this standard was prepared. This risk identification then formed the basis for determining: a) potentially hazardous situations having significant risks; b) the safety requirements and/or measures which shall be incorporated into the machinery/equipment; c) any special instructions which shall be communicated to the user. The significant hazards and hazardous situations identified are listed in columns 1 and 2 of clause 5, Table 1. !Before using this European Standard it is important for the manufacturer to carry out a risk assessment of the machines which form a plant to identify any other relevant hazards (see EN ISO 14121-1)." SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 10 5 Safety Requirements and/or measures 5.1 !General design requirements 5.1.1 Introduction Plant conforming to this European Standard shall comply with the safety requirements and/or measures of
Clause 5 and those set out in Clause 7 and Annex A and B. Relevant hazards identified in the risk assessment carried out by the manufacturer but not dealt with in this European Standard shall be reduced by applying the principle of EN ISO 12100-2. For hazards which are to be reduced by the application of a B standard such as e.g. EN ISO 13857, EN ISO 13850, EN ISO 13732-1 the risk assessment carried out by the manufacturer shall establish the requirements of the B standard which are to be applied. This specific risk assessment shall be part of the general risk assessment of the machine. Where the means of reducing the risk is by the physical arrangement or positioning of the installed machines, the manufacturer shall include in the Information for use a reference to these specific reduction means. Where the means of reducing the risk is by a safe system of working the plant, the manufacturer shall include in the information for use details of the system and of the elements of information required by the operating personnel. This shall include arrangements to run a machine for essential operating reasons or in special mode with safety devices suspended or temporarily modified. This clause specifies and explains the preventative measures given in Table 1 and it also describes additional safety features, procedures and techniques which shall be considered by the designer and the manufacturer of the equipment." 5.1.2 !Site inspection The manufacturer shall undertake sufficient site inspection to establish all requirements of the plant design for: a) accessibility; b) maintenance and clearance gaps for cleaning; c) movement of machinery and material; d) safe operation; e) health and safety at the workplace; f) prevention of emissions hazardous to health at the workplace. 5.1.3 Structural assembly The manufacturer shall undertake and record design calculations to show that the structural assembly, e.g. steel sections, auxiliaries, lifting points and fixtures, which form part of the equipment are adequate for safety functions under intended use. 5.1.4 Safety layout The manufacturer shall prepare a safety layout document of the plant. The aim of the safety layout is to give information (normally by means of one or more drawings) about the physical position of safety related elements like, e.g.: a) isolators according to EN 60204-1; b) emergency stop buttons, according to the requirements of EN ISO 13850; SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 11 c) escape routes (if necessary, e.g. for large plants); d) other safety-related safety marking, according to the requirements of EN ISO 7731, EN 842; e) segregating devices (guards, fences, trip devices etc.) intended to prevent access to danger areas of the plant according to the requirements of EN ISO 13857, EN 953, EN ISO 14122-2; f) doors and other points of access to the plant (where required with related locking and/or interlocking devices); g) warning devices and safety signs (warning signs for, e.g. forbidden access, X-rays); h) fire precautions. The safety layout shall be included into the manufacturer's instructions for use. 5.1.5 Safety devices Safety devices shall be accessible for inspection and maintenance, and protected against damage under foreseeable conditions. In particular, they shall be sufficiently robust to operate reliably. 5.1.6 Hydraulic, pneumatic, cooling and lubrication systems Hydraulic, pneumatic, cooling and lubrication systems shall be designed to reduce risks from toxic effects, fire, explosion, vibration and noise. Hazards associated with pressure, temperature, ignition sources, and proximity to adjacent personnel shall be taken into account. In no case shall the system be designed to safety requirements lower than those described in EN 982 or EN 983 and take account of Table 1. 5.1.7 Fluid systems carrying or containing fluids Manufacturers of plant using fluid systems carrying or containing fluids which are likely to solidify and/or have high or low viscosity and impair safety, shall provide protection against temperatures giving rise to these effects. Data shall be provided in the information for use. 5.1.8 Guard-rails Guard-rails are to be considered as means to deter or impede access to hazardous areas, i.e. a physical obstacle which only reduces the probability of access (but not totally prevents it), offering an obstruction to free access (see 3.27 of EN ISO 12100-1:2003). Therefore, guard-rails are not permitted as the sole measure of safeguarding hazardous areas in case of significant risks (e.g. from moving machinery or processed material). Guard-rails shall be used for cases where the hazards of slips, trips and falls are involved. Guard-rails can be used as a measure to prevent unintentional access of unauthorised persons to zones where residual risks exist. At zones, where risks due to potentially danger movements of equipment exist, operation of manual modes shall be made by means of hold-to-run devices from control stands with full overview of the driving elements. The evaluation of the degree of risk associated to a specific hazardous situation shall be performed during individual risk assessment by the manufacturer in compliance with EN ISO 14121-1. However, guard-rails, are not to be considered as sufficient measures of safeguarding to address hazardous situations included in Table 1, where only significant hazards are dealt with. Guard-rails shall conform to EN ISO 14122-3. In addition, the manufacturer shall give information in the instructions for use (see Clause 7) about the foreseen restrictions for access to the areas surrounded by the guard-rails and about the nature of the existing residual risks. SIST EN 13675:2004+A1:2010
EN 13675:2004+A1:2010 (E) 12 5.1.9 Material to be discharged to drains The manufacturer shall give information on the material to be discharged to drains. This information shall include connection means to waste discharge points and floor drains which form part of the equipment. The information shall be included in the information for use. 5.1.10 Personal protective equipment The manufacturer shall give information in the information for use (see Clause 7) on the required attributes of any personal protective equipment (PPE, see column 3 of Table 1) needed to safeguard personnel from any residual risks remaining after applying the safety requirements. 5.1.11 Safety signs and warning devices Safety signs and warning devices according to EN 61310-1 and to EN 61310-2 shall be used. Graphical symbols shall be in accordance with ISO 3864-1 and/or ISO 7000. Danger signals shall be in accordance with EN ISO 7731 and/or EN 842 and/or EN 981. Warning signs about non-ionising radiation for persons with implanted medical devices shall be fixed where applicable. The manufacturer shall not rely upon warning devices alone to reduce hazards in case of significant risks. 5.1.12 Access 188.8.131.52 Access to operating points a) Access to control desks, pulpits, underground areas, inspection and service floors shall be realized in accordance with EN ISO 14122-1, EN ISO 14122-2, EN ISO 14122-3 and EN ISO 14122-4 and protected against heat radiation according EN 12198-1 and designed to withstand moving material, tool