This document defines the maximum material requirement (MMR), the least material requirement (LMR) and the reciprocity requirement (RPR). These requirements can only be applied to linear features of size of cylindrical type or two parallel opposite planes type. These requirements are often used to control specific functions of workpieces where size and geometry are interdependent, for example to fulfil the functions “assembly of parts” (for MMR) or “minimum wall thickness” (for LMR). However, the MMR and LMR can also be used to fulfil other functional design requirements.

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This document specifies the recommended proportions for the symbols used in technical product documentation. It gives recommended dimensions based on the grid related to the line width to be used. This document does not apply to symbols used in process plant documentation, which are covered in ISO 81714-1. The proportions of the symbols are based on the standard heights of lettering given in ISOÂ 3098-1.

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This document establishes rules for the simplified representation of threaded parts, with the exception of screw thread inserts, which are covered in ISO 6410-2. This representation is applicable when it is not necessary to show the exact shape and details of the parts (see ISO 6410-1), for example in assembly drawings.

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This document establishes rules for the simplified representation of threaded parts, with the exception of screw thread inserts, which are covered in ISO 6410-2. This representation is applicable when it is not necessary to show the exact shape and details of the parts (see ISO 6410-1), for example in assembly drawings.

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This document establishes rules and conventions for particular use with technical drawings on glassware, for example, laboratory glassware or glassware used in other technical fields.
Optical parts are not, however, included herein.

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This document specifies rules for presentation of aspheric surfaces and surfaces with low order symmetry such as cylinders and toroids in the ISO 10110 series, which standardizes drawing indications for optical elements and systems. It also specifies sign conventions and coordinate systems. This document does not apply to off-axis aspheric and discontinuous surfaces such as Fresnel surfaces or gratings. NOTE For off-axis aspheric and non-symmetric surfaces, see ISO 10110-19. This document does not specify the method by which conformity with the specifications is tested.

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This document specifies rules for the indication of the surface texture of optical elements, in the ISO 10110 series, which standardizes drawing indications for optical elements and systems. Surface texture is the characteristic of a surface that can be effectively described with statistical methods. Typically, surface texture is associated with high spatial frequency errors (roughness) and mid-spatial frequency errors (waviness). This document is primarily intended for the specification of polished optics. This document describes a method for characterizing the residual surface that is left after detrending by subtracting the surface form. The control of the surface form specified in ISO 10110-5, ISO 10110-12, and ISO 10110-19 is not specified in this document.

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This document specifies the general layout of drawings and provides examples of indications in the ISO 10110 series, which standardizes drawing indications for optical elements and systems. This document specifies the presentation in drawings of the characteristics, including the tolerances, of optical elements and systems. This document also includes the popular tabular format, formerly presented in ISO 10110‑10. This tabular format, now described in 5.1, is the preferred format for ISO 10110 drawings. Rules for preparation of technical drawings as well as for dimensioning and tolerancing are given in various ISO Standards. These general standards apply to optical elements and systems only if the necessary rules are not given in the various parts of ISO 10110.

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ISO 13715:2017 specifies rules for the indication and dimensioning of undefined edges in technical product and dimensions. The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified.
In cases where the geometrically defined shape of an edge (for example, 1 × 45°) is required, the general dimensioning principles given in ISO 129‑1 apply.

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ISO 18388:2016 specifies a series of relief grooves for shafts and holes, intended for general use in mechanical engineering.
It also intends to avoid unnecessary multiplicity of tools by a restricted selection of groove-types and dimensional versions.
NOTE The shape and the dimensions of the relief grooves type G and H correspond with the "Indexable hard material inserts" according to ISO 6987.

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This document defines the rules to be applied for symbolic representation of welded joints on technical
drawings. This can include information about the geometry, manufacture, quality and testing of the
welds. The principles of this document can also be applied to soldered and brazed joints.
It is recognized that there are two different approaches in the global market to designate the arrow side
and other side on drawings. In this document:
— clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to the symbolic
representation system based on a dual reference line;
— clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to the symbolic
representation system based on a single reference line;
— clauses, tables and figures which do not have the suffix letter "A" or "B" are applicable to both
systems.
The symbols shown in this document can be combined with other symbols used on technical drawings,
for example to show surface finish requirements.
An alternative designation method is presented which can be used to represent welded joints on
drawings by specifying essential design information such as weld dimensions, quality level, etc. The
joint preparation and welding process(es) are then determined by the production unit in order to meet
the specified requirements.
NOTE Examples given in this document, including dimensions, are illustrative only and are intended to
demonstrate the proper application of principles.

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This document defines the rules to be applied for symbolic representation of welded joints on technical drawings. This can include information about the geometry, manufacture, quality and testing of the welds. The principles of this document can also be applied to soldered and brazed joints.
It is recognized that there are two different approaches in the global market to designate the arrow side and other side on drawings. In this document:
— clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to the symbolic representation system based on a dual reference line;
— clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to the symbolic representation system based on a single reference line;
— clauses, tables and figures which do not have the suffix letter "A" or "B" are applicable to both systems.
The symbols shown in this document can be combined with other symbols used on technical drawings, for example to show surface finish requirements.
An alternative designation method is presented which can be used to represent welded joints on drawings by specifying essential design information such as weld dimensions, quality level, etc. The joint preparation and welding process(es) are then determined by the production unit in order to meet the specified requirements.
NOTE Examples given in this document, including dimensions, are illustrative only and are intended to demonstrate the proper application of principles.

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This document defines the rules to be applied for symbolic representation of welded joints on technical drawings. This can include information about the geometry, manufacture, quality and testing of the welds. The principles of this document can also be applied to soldered and brazed joints. It is recognized that there are two different approaches in the global market to designate the arrow side and other side on drawings. In this document: — clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "A" are applicable only to the symbolic representation system based on a dual reference line; — clauses, tables and figures which carry the suffix letter "B" are applicable only to the symbolic representation system based on a single reference line; — clauses, tables and figures which do not have the suffix letter "A" or "B" are applicable to both systems. The symbols shown in this document can be combined with other symbols used on technical drawings, for example to show surface finish requirements. An alternative designation method is presented which can be used to represent welded joints on drawings by specifying essential design information such as weld dimensions, quality level, etc. The joint preparation and welding process(es) are then determined by the production unit in order to meet the specified requirements. NOTE Examples given in this document, including dimensions, are illustrative only and are intended to demonstrate the proper application of principles.

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This document specifies the indication of tolerances for four categories of imperfections within optical materials — stress birefringence, bubbles and inclusions, homogeneity, and striae — in the ISO 10110 series, which standardizes drawing indications for optical elements and systems. Tolerances are applied either to a finished optical part, a finished system of optical parts, or to the raw material used to manufacture an optical part.

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This document specifies the rules and graphical symbols for the representations of splines and
serrations in technical product documentation.
Two methods of representation are specified:
a) complete representation;
b) simplified representation.
The rules and graphical symbols specified in this document are applicable to detail drawings of parts
(shafts and hubs) and to assembly drawings of joints.
NOTE For uniformity, all the figures in this document have been drawn in the first-angle orthographic
projection. A third-angle orthographic projection could equally have been used without prejudice to principles
established.

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This document specifies rules for the indication of the permissible deformation of a wavefront transmitted through or, in the case of reflective optics, reflected from an optical element or assembly in the ISO 10110 series, which standardizes drawing indications for optical elements and systems. This document is also applicable when using optical systems with general surfaces (ISO 10110-19). The deformation of the wavefront refers to its departure from the desired shape. The tilt of the wavefront with respect to a given reference surface is excluded from this document. There is no requirement that a tolerance for wavefront deformation is indicated.

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This document specifies the rules and graphical symbols for the representations of splines and serrations in technical product documentation.
Two methods of representation are specified:
a) complete representation;
b) simplified representation.
The rules and graphical symbols specified in this document are applicable to detail drawings of parts (shafts and hubs) and to assembly drawings of joints.
NOTE For uniformity, all the figures in this document have been drawn in the first-angle orthographic projection. A third-angle orthographic projection could equally have been used without prejudice to principles established.

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This document specifies the rules and graphical symbols for the representations of splines and serrations in technical product documentation. Two methods of representation are specified: a) complete representation; b) simplified representation. The rules and graphical symbols specified in this document are applicable to detail drawings of parts (shafts and hubs) and to assembly drawings of joints. NOTE For uniformity, all the figures in this document have been drawn in the first-angle orthographic projection. A third-angle orthographic projection could equally have been used without prejudice to principles established.

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This document establishes complementary rules to ISO 1101 to be applied to pattern specifications and defines rules to combine individual specifications, for geometrical specifications e.g. using the symbols POSITION, SYMMETRY, LINE PROFILE and SURFACE PROFILE, as well as STRAIGHTNESS (in the case where the toleranced features are nominally coaxial) and FLATNESS (in the case where the toleranced features are nominally coplanar) as listed in Annex C.
These rules apply when a set of tolerance zones are grouped together with location or orientation constraints, through the use of the CZ, CZR or SIM modifiers.
This document does not cover the use of the pattern specifications when the least and maximum material requirement is applied (see ISO 2692).
This document does not cover the establishment of common datum (see ISO 5459) based on pattern features.

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This document specifies simplified representations used in technical drawings for terminal features of
ventilation and drains in pipeline systems.

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This document specifies rules and conventions for the execution of simplified drawings for the
representation of all kinds of pipes and pipelines made of all sorts of materials (rigid and flexible).
It is used whenever it is necessary to represent pipes or pipelines in a simplified manner.
For the purposes of this document, the figures illustrate the text only and should not be considered as
design examples.
NOTE This document can also be used for the representation of similar installations, such as ventilation or
air-conditioning systems; in such cases, the term "duct", etc. is substituted for the term "pipe".

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This document specifies supplementary rules, in addition to the general rules given in ISO 6412-1,
applicable to isometric representation. Isometric representation is used where it is necessary to show
the essential features clearly in three dimensions.

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ISO 6412-1:2017 specifies rules and conventions for the execution of simplified drawings for the representation of all kinds of pipes and pipelines made of all sorts of materials (rigid and flexible).
ISO 6412-1:2017 is used whenever it is necessary to represent pipes or pipelines in a simplified manner.
For the purposes of this document, the figures illustrate the text only and should not be considered as design examples.
NOTE This document can also be used for the representation of similar installations, such as ventilation or air-conditioning systems; in such cases, the term "duct", etc. is substituted for the term "pipe".

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ISO 6412-3:2017 specifies simplified representations used in technical drawings for terminal features of ventilation and drains in pipeline systems.

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ISO 6412-2:2017 specifies supplementary rules, in addition to the general rules given in ISO 6412-1, applicable to isometric representation. Isometric representation is used where it is necessary to show the essential features clearly in three dimensions.

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ISO 10110 (all parts) specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for single optical elements and for optical assemblies in technical drawings used for their manufacture and inspection. ISO 10110-7:2017 specifies the indication of the level of acceptability of surface imperfections within a test region on individual optical elements and optical assemblies. These include localized surface imperfections, edge chips and long scratches. The acceptance level for imperfections is specified, taking into account functional effects (affecting image formation or durability of the optical element), as well as cosmetic (appearance) effects. ISO 10110-7:2017 applies to transmitting and reflecting surfaces of finished optical elements, whether or not they are coated, and to optical assemblies. It allows permissible imperfections to be specified according to the area affected by imperfections, or alternatively by the visibility of imperfections, on components or in optical assemblies.

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ISO 13715:2017 specifies rules for the indication and dimensioning of undefined edges in technical product and dimensions. The proportions and dimensions of the graphical symbols to be used are also specified. In cases where the geometrically defined shape of an edge (for example, 1 × 45°) is required, the general dimensioning principles given in ISO 129‑1 apply.

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SIST EN ISO 1101 defines the symbol language for geometrical specification of workpieces and the rules for its interpretation. It provides the foundation for geometrical specification. The illustrations in this document are intended to illustrate how a specification can be fully indicated with visible annotation (including e.g. TEDs).

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ISO 1101:2017 defines the symbol language for geometrical specification of workpieces and the rules for its interpretation.
It provides the foundation for geometrical specification.
The illustrations in this document are intended to illustrate how a specification can be fully indicated with visible annotation (including e.g. TEDs).
NOTE 1 Other International Standards referenced in Clause 2 and in Tables 3 and 4 provide more detailed information on geometrical tolerancing.
NOTE 2 This document gives rules for explicit and direct indications of geometrical specifications. Alternatively, the same specifications can be indicated indirectly in accordance with ISO 16792 by attaching them to a 3D CAD model. In this case, it is possible that some elements of the specification are available through a query function or other interrogation of information on the model instead of being indicated using visible annotation

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ISO 1660:2017 gives the rules for geometrical specifications of integral and derived features, using the line profile and surface profile characteristic symbols as defined in ISO 1101.

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ISO 1101:2017 defines the symbol language for geometrical specification of workpieces and the rules for its interpretation. It provides the foundation for geometrical specification. The illustrations in this document are intended to illustrate how a specification can be fully indicated with visible annotation (including e.g. TEDs). NOTE 1 Other International Standards referenced in Clause 2 and in Tables 3 and 4 provide more detailed information on geometrical tolerancing. NOTE 2 This document gives rules for explicit and direct indications of geometrical specifications. Alternatively, the same specifications can be indicated indirectly in accordance with ISO 16792 by attaching them to a 3D CAD model. In this case, it is possible that some elements of the specification are available through a query function or other interrogation of information on the model instead of being indicated using visible annotation

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ISO 15787:2016 specifies the manner of presenting and indicating the final condition of heat‐treated ferrous parts in technical drawings.

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ISO 10110-11:2016 specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for optical elements and systems in technical drawings used for manufacturing and inspection. It specifies the permissible deviations and material imperfections when these are not explicitly indicated.

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ISO 10110-9:2016 specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for optical elements and systems in technical drawings used for manufacturing and inspection. It specifies rules for indicating the treatments and coatings applied to optical surfaces for functional and/or protective purposes.

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This International Standard specifies graphical indication applicable to a cone (right-angle circular
cones) to define its dimensioning or to specify its tolerancing.
For the purposes of this International Standard, the term “cone” relates to right-angle circular cones
only (any intersection by a plane perpendicular to the axis of the nominal cone is a circle).
NOTE 1 For simplicity, only truncated cones have been represented in this International Standard. However,
this International Standard can be applied to any type of cone within its scope.
NOTE 2 This International Standard is not intended to prevent the use of other methods of dimensioning and
tolerancing.

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ISO 3040:2016 specifies graphical indication applicable to a cone (right-angle circular cones) to define its dimensioning or to specify its tolerancing.
For the purposes of this International Standard, the term "cone" relates to right-angle circular cones only (any intersection by a plane perpendicular to the axis of the nominal cone is a circle).
NOTE 1 For simplicity, only truncated cones have been represented in this International Standard. However, this International Standard can be applied to any type of cone within its scope.
NOTE 2 This International Standard is not intended to prevent the use of other methods of dimensioning and tolerancing.

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ISO 3040:2016 specifies graphical indication applicable to a cone (right-angle circular cones) to define its dimensioning or to specify its tolerancing. For the purposes of this International Standard, the term "cone" relates to right-angle circular cones only (any intersection by a plane perpendicular to the axis of the nominal cone is a circle). NOTE 1 For simplicity, only truncated cones have been represented in this International Standard. However, this International Standard can be applied to any type of cone within its scope. NOTE 2 This International Standard is not intended to prevent the use of other methods of dimensioning and tolerancing.

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ISO 18388:2016 specifies a series of relief grooves for shafts and holes, intended for general use in mechanical engineering. It also intends to avoid unnecessary multiplicity of tools by a restricted selection of groove-types and dimensional versions. NOTE The shape and the dimensions of the relief grooves type G and H correspond with the "Indexable hard material inserts" according to ISO 6987.

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ISO 10110-19:2015 specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for optical elements and systems in technical drawings used for manufacture and inspection. ISO 10110-19:2015 provides a general method of describing surfaces and components. This part of ISO 10110 applies to continuous and discontinuous surfaces. It does not apply to diffractive surfaces, Fresnel surfaces, ophthalmic glasses, and micro-optical surfaces. ISO 10110-19:2015 applies to any general surface or component, even including spherical or rotationally symmetric surfaces if it is necessary, i.e. when NURBS, splines, point clouds, etc. are used. ISO 10110-19:2015 does not specify the method by which compliance with the specifications is to be tested.

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ISO 10110-6:2015 specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for optical elements and systems in technical drawings used for manufacturing and inspection. ISO 10110-6:2015 specifies rules for indicating centring tolerances for optical elements, subassemblies, and assemblies. ISO 10110-6:2015 applies to plano surfaces, rotationally invariant surfaces, circular cylindrical, non-circular cylindrical, and non-symmetrical surfaces (general surfaces). General surfaces are described using ISO 10110‑19.

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ISO 10110-5:2015 specifies the presentation of design and functional requirements for optical elements and systems in technical drawings used for manufacturing and inspection. ISO 10110-5:2015 specifies rules for indicating the tolerance for surface form deviation. NOTE The terminology of interferometry employing the unit "fringe spacings" is widely used for the specification of tolerances. However, the usage of non-interferometric methods for testing of optical parts has recently become more important. Therefore, unlike in the earlier versions of this part of ISO 10110, nanometres shall now be the preferred and standard unit to express surface form deviations. The usage of fringe spacings is still permitted given that the base wavelength is explicitly stated. ISO 10110-5:2015 applies to surfaces of plano, spherical, aspheric, circular and non-circular cylindric, and toric form as well as to surfaces of other non-spherical shape such as generally described surfaces. It does not apply to diffractive surfaces, Fresnel surfaces, and micro-optical surfaces.

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ISO 17599:2015 specifies the requirements for the classification, composition, modelling, review, application, and management of digital mock-up. This International Standard for mechanical products is applicable to the building, management, review, and application of digital mock-up.

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ISO 2692:2014 defines the maximum material requirement, the least material requirement and the reciprocity requirement. These requirements can only be applied to features of size. These requirements are used to control specific functions of workpieces where size and geometry are interdependent, e.g. to fulfil the functions "assembly of parts" (for maximum material requirement) or "minimum wall thickness" (for least material requirement). However, the maximum material requirement and least material requirement are also used to fulfil other functional design requirements. Considering this interdependence between size and geometry, the principle of independency defined in ISO 8015 does not apply when the maximum material requirement, least material requirement, or reciprocity requirement, are used.

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This International Standard gives rules for dimensioning and tolerancing non-rigid parts where restraining of features is required during verification of dimensions and tolerances specified on a drawing.

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ISO 10579:2010 gives rules for dimensioning and tolerancing non-rigid parts where restraining of features is required during verification of dimensions and tolerances specified on a drawing.

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ISO 128-15:2013 specifies the presentation of shipbuilding drawings for general use on metal hulls.

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ISO 16249:2013 specifies specifies general principles for the creation of symbols of physical quantities, coefficients, and parameters for metal springs. It specifies the presentation of basic characters, subscripts, and application symbols for use in the field of helical compression springs, helical extension springs, helical torsion springs, flat springs, and leaf springs with attention to technical product documentation, especially for describing and ordering.

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ISO 13444:2012 specifies a series of knurling dimensions intended for general use in mechanical engineering and is intended to avoid an unnecessary multiplicity of tools by restricting the profile angle to 90° and by restricting the selection of diametral pitches.

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This International Standard specifies fundamental concepts, principles and rules valid for the creation, interpretation and application of all other International Standards, Technical Specifications and Technical Reports concerning dimensional and geometrical product specifications (GPS) and verification. This International Standard applies to the interpretation of GPS indications on all types of drawings. For the purposes of this International Standard, the term “drawing” is to be interpreted in the broadest possible sense, encompassing the total package of documentation specifying the workpiece.

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ISO 5459:2011 specifies terminology, rules and methodology for the indication and understanding of datums and datum systems in technical product documentation. It also provides explanations to assist the user in understanding the concepts involved.
ISO 5459:2011 defines the specification operator (see ISO 17450-2) used to establish a datum or datum system. The verification operator (see ISO 17450-2) can take different forms (physically or mathematically) and is not the subject of ISO 5459:2011.
The detailed rules for maximum and least material requirements for datums are given in ISO 2692.

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