This part of IEC 62660 specifies test procedures and acceptance criteria for safety performance of secondary lithium-ion cells and cell blocks used for propulsion of electric vehicles (EV) including battery electric vehicles (BEV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV).
This document intends to determine the basic safety performance of cells used in a battery pack and system under intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse or incident, during the normal operation of the EV. The safety requirements of the cell in this document are based on the premise that the cells are properly used in a battery pack and system within the limits for voltage, current and temperature as specified by the cell manufacturer (cell operating region).
The evaluation of the safety of cells during transport and storage is not covered by this document.
NOTE 1 The safety performance requirements for lithium-ion battery packs and systems are defined in ISO 6469-1. The specifications and safety requirements for lithium-ion battery packs and systems of electrically propelled mopeds and motorcycles are defined in ISO 18243. IEC 62619 covers the safety requirements for the lithium-ion cells and batteries for industrial application including, e.g. forklift truck, golf cart, and automated guided vehicle.
NOTE 2 Information on the cell operating region is provided in Annex A.

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IEC 62660-3:2022 is available as IEC 62660-3:2022 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 62660-3:2022 specifies test procedures and acceptance criteria for safety performance of secondary lithium-ion cells and cell blocks used for propulsion of electric vehicles (EV) including battery electric vehicles (BEV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). This document determines the basic safety performance of cells used in a battery pack and system under intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse or incident, during the normal operation of the EV. The safety requirements of the cell in this document are based on the premise that the cells are properly used in a battery pack and system within the limits for voltage, current and temperature as specified by the cell manufacturer (cell operating region).

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This part of IEC 60086 specifies tests and requirements for primary batteries with aqueous
electrolyte to ensure their safe operation under intended use and reasonably foreseeable
misuse

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This document provides requirements and recommendations on environmental aspects of secondary lithium, nickel cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells and batteries for portable applications (hereafter referred to as “relevant secondary cells and batteries”). Relevant secondary cells and batteries are specified within the scopes of IEC 61960-3, IEC 61960-4, IEC 61951-1, and IEC 61951-2. NOTE Portable applications are defined in IEC 61960-3 as comprising hand-held equipment, transportable equipment, and movable equipment. See IEC 61960-3 for examples. This document is not intended to be applied to batteries embedded in end-use products. Once the embedded battery is removed from an end-use product, this document becomes applicable to it. The safety and control circuits as well as cases associated with relevant secondary batteries, except for those forming part of an end-use product, are covered by this document as parts of the relevant secondary batteries.

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TC21X working group 3 has been agree to implement following changes to EN 50342-1:2015/1:2018
- Deletion of high current discharge after water consumption test. This is not needed as a dedicated corrosion test is available in the document.
- Limitation of the maximum discharge time in cranking performance test. Batteries with high power capability might be damaged if discharge until the cut off voltage of 6,0 V is reached. To prevent this the maximum discharge time of the second step of the cranking performance test has been limited to 180 s.

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IEC 60086-5:2021 is available as IEC 60086-5:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60086-5:2021 specifies tests and requirements for primary batteries with aqueous electrolyte to ensure their safe operation under intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse.

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This European Standard specifies test procedures and provides acceptable safety requirements for voltage class A and voltage class B removable lithium-ion battery (packs and) systems, to be used as traction batteries of or for electrically propelled road vehicles. This European Standard is related to the testing of safety performance of battery packs and systems for their intended use for a vehicle.
This European Standard is not intended to be applied for the evaluation of the safety of battery packs/systems storage, vehicle production, repair and maintenance services.
Light EV includes all electrically propelled two, three and four wheeled vehicles of category L1 up to Category L7 according to the definition of ECE/TR ANS-WP29-78r2e and all electrically propelled or assisted cycles including plug-in hybrid road vehicles (PHEV), that derive all or part of their energy from on-board rechargeable energy storage systems (RESS).
This European Standard enables setting up a dedicated test plan for an individual battery pack/system subject to an agreement between customer and supplier. If required, the relevant test procedures and/or test conditions of lithium-ion battery packs and systems may be selected from the standard tests provided in this standard to configure a dedicated test plan.
This European Standard applies to all battery systems intended to be used in conjunction with products or systems described in the IEC/TS 61851-3 series.
NOTE Testing on cell level is specified in the IEC 62660 series.
This European Standard does not apply to:
- lithium cells;
- batteries other than lithium ion types;
- primary Batteries(including lithium types);
- batteries covered by the ISO 12405- series.

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IEC 63218:2021 provides requirements and recommendations on environmental aspects of secondary lithium, nickel cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells and batteries for portable applications (hereafter referred to as “relevant secondary cells and batteries”).
Relevant secondary cells and batteries are specified within the scopes of IEC 61960-3, IEC 61960-4, IEC 61951-1, and IEC 61951-2.
NOTE Portable applications are defined in IEC 61960-3 as comprising hand-held equipment, transportable equipment, and movable equipment. See IEC 61960-3 for examples.
This document is not intended to be applied to batteries embedded in end-use products. Once the embedded battery is removed from an end-use product, this document becomes applicable to it.
The safety and control circuits as well as cases associated with relevant secondary batteries, except for those forming part of an end-use product, are covered by this document as parts of the relevant secondary batteries.

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This document specifies dimensions, designation, methods of tests and requirements for primary batteries for watches. In several cases, a menu of test methods is given. When presenting battery electrical characteristics and/or performance data, the manufacturer specifies which test method was used.

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IEC 60095-2:2021 is applicable to lead-acid batteries used for starting, lighting and ignition of passenger cars and light vehicles with a nominal voltage of 12 V.
All batteries in accordance with this document can be fastened to the vehicle either by means of the ledges around the container or by means of a hold-down device engaging with the lid.
This document specifies dimensions of battery for Europe, East Asia and North America.

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IEC TS 61044:2021(E) covers opportunity charging of lead-acid traction batteries, i.e., the use of idle time during a working period to increase the state of charge (SoC) so as to extend the daily working period of a lead-acid traction battery while at the same time avoiding an excessive depth of discharge.
This document specifies requirements for the use of opportunity charging of lead-acid traction batteries of vented and valve regulated types when the battery manufacturer has not provided alternative specific operating procedures.

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This part of IEC 60086 is applicable to primary batteries which are based on standardised
electrochemical systems.
It specifies
– the physical dimensions,
– the discharge test conditions and discharge performance requirements.

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This part of IEC 60086 specifies dimensions, designation, methods of tests and requirements
for primary batteries for watches. In several cases, a menu of test methods is given. When
presenting battery electrical characteristics and/or performance data, the manufacturer
specifies which test method was used.

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This part of IEC 60086 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions,
nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety and
environmental aspects.
This document on one side specifies requirements for primary cells and batteries. On the other
side, this document also specifies procedures of how requirements for these batteries are to be
standardised.
As a classification tool for primary batteries, this document specifies system letters, electrodes,
electrolytes, and nominal as well as maximum open circuit voltage of electrochemical systems.
The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and
battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are
interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure
compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells
and batteries.
This document also contains requirements in Annex A justifying the inclusion or the ongoing
retention of batteries in the IEC 60086 series.

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IEC 60095-4:2021 is available as IEC 60095-4:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60095-4:2021 is applicable to lead-acid batteries used for starting, lighting and ignition of heavy trucks, commercial vehicles, busses and agricultural trucks. The object of this document is to specify global requirements of the main dimensions of starter batteries for Europe, North America and East Asia. This document comprises 12 types of "preferred types" of batteries. This document specifies dimensions of 4 types of batteries each for Europe (types A, B, C and D2), North America (types 4D, 8D, 31T, 31A) and East Asia (types E41, F51, G51, H52).

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IEC 60086-3:2021 is available as IEC 60086-3:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60086-3-5:2021 specifies dimensions, designation, methods of tests and requirements for primary batteries for watches. In several cases, a menu of test methods is given. When presenting battery electrical characteristics and/or performance data, the manufacturer specifies which test method was used.

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IEC 60086-2:2021 is applicable to primary batteries which are based on standardised electrochemical systems.
It specifies
– the physical dimensions,
– the discharge test conditions and discharge performance requirements.

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IEC 60086-1:2021 is available as IEC 60086-1:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60086-1:2021 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions, nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety and environmental aspects. This document on one side specifies requirements for primary cells and batteries. On the other side, this document also specifies procedures of how requirements for these batteries are to be standardised. As a classification tool for primary batteries, this document specifies system letters, electrodes, electrolytes, and nominal as well as maximum open circuit voltage of electrochemical systems. The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells and batteries.

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IEC TR 62914:2014 identifies experimental procedures for the forced internal short-circuit tests in terms of designation, dimensions, tests and requirements. This technical report provides supplemental information to perform the forced internal short-circuit test of IEC 62133:2012 (Subclause 8.3.9).

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IEC-63115-2:2021 specifies designations, tests and requirements for the safe operation of sealed nickel-metal hydride cells and batteries used in industrial applications excluding road vehicles. Since this document covers batteries for various industrial applications, it includes those requirements which are common and minimum to the various applications.

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IEC 62680-1-2:2021 defines a power delivery system covering all elements of a USB system including: Hosts, Devices, Hubs, Chargers and cable assemblies. This specification describes the architecture, protocols, power supply behavior, connectors and cabling necessary for managing power delivery over USB at up to 100W. This specification is intended to be fully compatible and extend the existing USB infrastructure. It is intended that this specification will allow system OEMs, power supply and peripheral developers adequate flexibility for product versatility and market differentiation without losing backwards compatibility.
This fourth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2019 and constitutes a technical revision.
It is also identified as USB Power Delivery Specification, Revision 3.0, Version 2.0
This updated release of the USB PD specification was made to incorporate all the ECNs that were made to USB PD 3.0, V1.2. This makes a full completed printed specifications with all ECNs incorporated into a hard copy specification.

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IEC 62485-6:2021 applies to battery installations used for electric off-road vehicles; it does not cover the design of such vehicles.
Examples of the main applications are:
- industrial
• cleaning machines,
• trucks for material handling, for example, lift trucks, tow trucks, automatic guided vehicles,
• electrically propulsed lifting platforms;
- other applications
• electric powered boats and ships.

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This part of IEC 62485 applies to the installation of one or more stationary secondary
batteries having a maximum aggregate DC voltage of 1 500 V to any DC part of the power
network, and describes the principal measures for protections during normal operation or
under expected fault conditions against hazards generated from:
– electricity,
– short-circuits,
– electrolyte,
– gas emission,
– fire,
– explosion.
This document provides requirements on safety aspects associated with the installation, use,
inspection, and maintenance and disposal of lithium ion batteries used in stationary
applications.
This document covers stationary batteries for industrial applications that are installed in
separate closed buildings or housings as well as stationary batteries that are installed in
public buildings, offices and private residences. This document also covers the maintenance
and disposal of lithium ion batteries used in stationary applications.
Batteries containing lithium metal are not covered by this document.
Examples of the main applications are:
– telecommunications,
– power station operation,
– central emergency lighting and alarm systems,
– uninterruptible power supplies (UPS),
– stationary engine starting,
– photovoltaic systems.
In general, the safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations – General
safety information and definitions are specified for lead-acid, nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal
hybrid batteries in accordance with IEC 62485-1.

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This document specifies requirements and tests for the product safety of secondary lithium
cells and batteries used in electrical energy storage systems (Figure 2) with a maximum DC
voltage of 1 500 V (nominal).
Basic safety requirements for the secondary lithium cells and batteries used in industrial
applications are included in IEC 62619. This document provides additional or specific
requirements for electrical energy storage systems.
Since this document covers batteries for various electrical energy storage systems, it includes
those requirements which are common and minimum to the electrical energy storage systems.
Examples of appliances that are within the scope of this document are:
• telecommunications,
• central emergency lighting and alarm systems,
• stationary engine starting,
• photovoltaic systems,
• home (residential) energy storage systems (HESS), and
• large energy storage: on-grid/off-grid.
This document applies to cells and batteries for uninterruptible power supplies (UPS).
This document does not apply to portable systems 500 Wh or below, which are covered by
IEC 61960-3.

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IEC 62984-1:2020 specifies general aspects, definitions and tests for high-temperature secondary batteries for mobile and/or stationary use and whose nominal voltage does not exceed 1 500 V. This document does not cover aircraft batteries, which are covered by IEC 60952 (all parts), or batteries for the propulsion of electric road vehicles, covered by IEC 61982 (all parts).

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This part of IEC 62932 relates to flow battery energy systems (FBES) used in electrical energy
storage (EES) applications and provides the main terminology and general aspects of this
technology, including terms necessary for the definition of unit parameters, test methods, safety
and environmental issues.

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This document is applicable to lead-acid batteries powering electric two-wheelers (mopeds)
and three-wheelers (e-rickshaws and delivery vehicles), and also to golf cars and similar light
utility and multi-passenger vehicles.
a) operate them most often in an environment with many bystanders who are unaware of the
possible risks involved. The batteries have thus to be eminently reliable, consumer friendly
and minimize risks of fire, explosions, electrical shocks and chemical burns.
These batteries are submitted to frequent and deep discharges with electrical power delivered
to the propulsion system in short surges of high current when accelerating, followed by lower
current levels when at cruising speed. The subsequent charge of the battery can also occur in
areas accessible to the public.
The document specifies methods of tests tailored to batteries destined for the
above-referenced types of vehicles so as to ensure satisfactory and safe battery performance
in the intended application.
This document does not apply for example to lead acid cells and batteries used for:
• vehicle engine starting applications (IEC 60095 series);
• traction applications (IEC 60254 series);
• stationary applications (IEC 60896 series);
• general purpose applications (IEC 61056 series); or to
• motorized wheelchairs and similar personal assist vehicles.

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This part of IEC 62984 specifies safety requirements and test procedures for high-temperature
batteries for mobile and/or stationary use and whose rated voltage does not exceed 1 500 V.
This document does not cover aircraft batteries, which are covered by IEC 60952 (all parts),
and batteries for the propulsion of electric road vehicles, covered by IEC 61982 (all parts).
NOTE High-temperature batteries are electrochemical systems whose cells' internal minimum operating
temperature is above 100 °C.

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This document specifies safety tests and requirements for secondary lithium batteries
permanently installed in road vehicles not for the propulsion. Replacement secondary
batteries permanently installed in road vehicles not for propulsion are covered by this
document.
The following are typical applications that utilize the batteries under the scope of this
document: a power source for the starting of internal combustion engines, lighting, on-board
auxiliary equipment, and energy absorption for regeneration from braking.
This document applies to batteries with a maximum voltage less than or equal to 60 V DC.
The batteries primarily used for propulsion of electric vehicles (EVs), including battery electric
vehicles (BEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)
are not covered by this document.
NOTE Testing on cell level is specified in IEC 62619.

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This part of IEC 62932 specifies methods of test and requirements for the flow battery system
(FBS) and the flow battery energy system (FBES) for the verification of their performances.
This document is applicable to FBES or FBS which are designed and used for service in
stationary locations (i.e. not generally to be moved from place to place).
This document does not cover testing of the system for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).

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This European Standard is applicable to lead-acid batteries used for starting, lighting and ignition of passenger automobiles and light commercial vehicles with a nominal voltage of 12 V.
All batteries in accordance with this European Standard can be fastened to the vehicle either by means of the ledges around the case or by means of a hold-down device engaging with the lid.

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This document is applicable to lead-acid batteries used for heavy vehicles.
The object of this document is to specify the European requirements of the main dimensions of starter batteries.
For new and future developments of the above applications, it is strongly recommended that only batteries from the “Preferred Types” series be used.
Batteries of the series of “Other Types” exist under several national standards. They have been transferred from the previous standard EN 60095-4.
The preferred types A, B and C are newly introduced and correspond closely to the types D4, D5 and D6 with some differences in tolerances and dimensions.

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IEC-63115-2:2021 specifies designations, tests and requirements for the safe operation of sealed nickel-metal hydride cells and batteries used in industrial applications excluding road vehicles.
Since this document covers batteries for various industrial applications, it includes those requirements which are common and minimum to the various applications.

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IEC 62485-6:2021 applies to battery installations used for electric off-road vehicles; it does not cover the design of such vehicles.
Examples of the main applications are:
- industrial
• cleaning machines,
• trucks for material handling, for example, lift trucks, tow trucks, automatic guided vehicles,
• electrically propulsed lifting platforms;
- other applications
• electric powered boats and ships.

  • Standard
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IEC 62485-5:2020 applies to the installation of one or more stationary secondary batteries having a maximum aggregate DC voltage of 1 500 V to any DC part of the power network, and describes the principal measures for protections during normal operation or under expected fault conditions against hazards generated from:
– electricity,
– short-circuits,
– electrolyte,
– gas emission,
– fire,
– explosion.
This document provides requirements on safety aspects associated with the installation, use, inspection, and maintenance and disposal of lithium ion batteries used in stationary applications.

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IEC 63193:2020 is applicable to lead-acid batteries powering electric two-wheelers (mopeds) and three-wheelers (e-rickshaws and delivery vehicles), and also to golf cars and similar light utility and multi-passenger vehicles.
The document specifies methods of tests tailored to batteries destined for the above‑referenced types of vehicles so as to ensure satisfactory and safe battery performance in the intended application.
This document does not apply for example to lead-acid cells and batteries used for:
vehicle engine starting applications (IEC 60095 series);
traction applications (IEC 60254 series);
stationary applications (IEC 60896 series);
general purpose applications (IEC 61056 series); or to
motorized wheelchairs and similar personal assist vehicles

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IEC TR 61431:2020 is an informative document relating to aspects of automatic monitor systems as utilized in lead-acid traction battery applications. It lists the characteristics and features that need to be monitored and evaluated to properly assess the operative status of a traction battery. Guidance concerning the accuracy and reliability of the generated information is also provided.

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This part of IEC 62984 specifies performance requirements and test procedures for
hightemperature
batteries based on sodium for mobile and/or stationary use and whose rated
voltage does not exceed 1 500 V.
Sodium based batteries include sodium-sulphur batteries and sodium-nickel chloride batteries;
both are high-temperature batteries and use a solid, sodium conducting electrolyte. Additional
information on sodiumbased
batteries technology, their chemistries and construction are given
in Annex B.
This document does not cover aircraft batteries, covered by IEC 60952 (all parts), and batteries
for the propulsion of electric road vehicles, covered by IEC 61982 (all parts).
NOTE High-temperature batteries are electrochemical systems whose cells' internal minimum operating
temperature is above 100 °C.

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This part of IEC 61960 specifies performance tests, designations, markings, dimensions and
other requirements for coin secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications and
backup power supply such as memory backup applications.
The objective of this document is to provide the purchasers and users of coin secondary lithium
cells and batteries with a set of criteria with which they can assess the performance of coin
secondary lithium cells and batteries offered by various manufacturers.
This document defines a minimum required level of performance and a standardized
methodology by which testing is performed and the results of this testing reported to the user.
Hence, users will be able to establish the viability of commercially available cells and batteries
via the declared specification and thus be able to select the cell or battery best suited for their
intended application.
This document covers coin secondary lithium cells and batteries with a range of chemistries.
Each electrochemical couple has a characteristic voltage range over which, during discharge,
it releases its electrical capacity, a characteristic nominal voltage and a characteristic end-ofdischarge
voltage. Users of coin secondary lithium cells and batteries are requested to consult
the manufacturer for advice.
This document also provides guidelines for designers of equipment using lithium batteries (see
Annex A).

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This part of IEC 62932 applies to flow battery systems for stationary applications and their
installations with a maximum voltage not exceeding 1 500 V DC in compliance with
IEC 62932-1.
This document defines the requirements and test methods for risk reduction and protection
measures against significant hazards relevant to flow battery systems, to persons, property and
the environment, or to a combination of them.
This document is applicable to stationary flow battery systems intended for indoor and outdoor
commercial and industrial use in non-hazardous (unclassified) areas.
This document covers significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, with the exception
of those associated with natural disaster, relevant to flow battery systems, when they are used
as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably
foreseeable misuse thereof.
The requirements described in this document are not intended to constrain innovations. When
considering fluids, materials, designs or constructions not specifically dealt with in this
document, these alternatives are evaluated as to their ability to yield levels of safety equivalent
to those specified in this document.

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IEC 62973-2:2020 applies to NiCd rechargeable batteries for auxiliary power supply systems used on railway vehicles. It is an extension of IEC 62973-1:2018 which specifies common requirements for all battery technologies of other parts of IEC 62973. Unless otherwise specified, the requirements of IEC 62973-1:2018 apply.
Battery systems described in this document are used in conjunction with charging systems onboard rolling stock, as described in IEC 62973-1:2018. Charging systems (e.g. LVPS, converters, etc.) are excluded from the scope of this document.
This document also specifies the design, operation parameters, safety recommendations, routine and type tests, as well as marking and designation. This document is used in addition to IEC 60623:2017 or IEC 62259:2003 for NiCd Cells.

  • Standard
    34 pages
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EN-IEC 63115-1 specifies the marking, designation, tests and requirements for sealednickelmetalhydride cells and batteries used in industrial applications, including stationaryapplications. When an IEC International Standard specifying test conditions and requirements for cellsused in special applications is in conflict with this document, the former takes precedence (e.g.IEC 62675).The following are some examples of applications that utilize the cells and batteries fallingunder the scope of this document.- Stationary applications: telecom, uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), electrical energystorage system, utility switching, emergency power and similar applications.- Motive applications: fork-lift truck, golf cart, AGV (Automatic Guided Vehicle), railway, andmarine, excluding road vehicles.Since this document covers batteries for various industrial applications, it includes thoserequirements that are common and minimum to the various applications.This document applies to cells and batteries. If the battery is divided into smaller units, thesmaller unit can be tested as representative of the battery. The manufacturer clearly declaresthe tested unit. The manufacturer can add functions to the tested unit that are present in thefinal battery.

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EN-IEC 60086-6 applies to all chemistries of portable primary cells and batteriesstandardized in the 60086 series.The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on the proper scientific protocols fortesting the environmental performance of batteries; the symbols used to convey messages forcollection, recycling, or other ideas; and the aspects and functional unit(s) to be included inassessing the environmental impact of batteries with modern life-cycle analysis techniques.

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