IEC TS 60695-2-20:2021 describes a test method that applies to solid electrical insulating materials of which test specimens can be provided. The test measures the time required to ignite a test specimen when it is affected by heat from an electrically heated wire wound around the test specimen. If the test specimen drips, the time at which this occurs is also recorded.
The test method can be used to provide classifications which can be used for quality assurance, the preselection of materials ...
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    • Technical specification
      30 pages
      English language

The recommendations of this technical report are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment with a rated input current exceeding 16 A per phase and intended to be connected to public low-voltage a.c. distribution systems of the following types:[
]- nominal voltage up to 240 V, single-phase, two or three wires;[
]- nominal voltage up to 600 V, three-phase, three or four wires;[
]- nominal frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz.[
]These recommendations specify the information required to enab...
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    • Technical report
      15 pages
      English language
    • e-Library read for
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IEC 60695-6-2:2018 provides a summary of commonly used test methods for the assessment of smoke obscuration. It presents a brief summary of static and dynamic test methods in common use, either as international standards or national or industry standards. It includes special observations on their relevance to electrotechnical products and their materials and to fire scenarios, and gives recommendations on their use.
This basic safety publication is primarily intended for use by technical commit...
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    • Standard
      65 pages
      English and French language

IEC TS 60695-1-14:2017(E) provides guidance about the levels of power and energy that could cause ignition and fire in a low voltage electrotechnical product. It can be used by Product Committees to determine what fire hazard safeguards might be used, based on the electrical energy that could be dissipated as heat.
This document deals with products used in normal atmospheres commonly available in the home and does not deal with special locations such as those in explosive atmospheres. It is int...
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      15 pages
      English language

IEC 60695-11-2:2017 is also available as IEC 60695-11-2:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60695-11-2:2017 gives the requirements for the production and confirmation of a nominal 1 kW propane/air pre-mixed flame for use in fire hazard testing. This basic safety publication is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance...
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    • Standard
      40 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-30:2017 provides guidance for assessing and choosing candidate materials, components or sub-assemblies for making an end product based upon preselection testing.
It describes how preselection provides comparative fire hazard test methods to evaluate the performance of a test specimen and how preselection can be used in the selection of materials, parts, components and sub-assemblies during the design stage of an end product. It further describes how standardized test methods may be ...
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    • Standard
      31 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-11-5:2016 is also available as IEC 60695-11-5:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60695-11-5:2016 specifies a needle-flame test to simulate the effect of a small flame which may result from fault conditions, in order to assess the fire hazard by a simulation technique. The results of this test may be used as elements of a fire hazard assessment which takes into ...
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    • Standard
      45 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-10:2016 provides general guidance with respect to fire hazard testing on how to reduce to a tolerable level the risk of fire and the potential effects of fires involving electrotechnical products. It also serves as a signpost standard to the other guidance publications in the IEC 60695 series. It does not give guidance on the use of fire-resistant compartment boundaries or on the use of detection and suppression systems for the mitigation of fire risk. It describes the relationship b...view more

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    • Standard
      49 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-8-2:2016 presents a summary of published test methods that are relevant to the determination of the heat released in fire tests on electrotechnical products or materials from which they are formed. It represents the current state of the art of the test methods and, where available, includes special observations on their relevance and use. The list of test methods is not to be considered exhaustive, and test methods that were not developed by the IEC are not to be considered as endorsed...view more

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    • Standard
      54 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-8-1:2016 provides guidance on the measurement and interpretation of heat release from electrotechnical products and materials from which they are constructed. Heat release data can be used as part of fire hazard assessment and in fire safety engineering, as described in IEC 60695-1-11 and IEC 60695-1-12. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical c...view more

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    • Standard
      54 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-10-3:2016 specifies a mould stress relief distortion test. It is applicable to electrotechnical equipment including parts made from polymeric materials. This test method is intended to evaluate the effects caused by relief of the residual process-induced stress, set in a moulded polymeric assembly of an end product. This stress relief occurs when the sample (energized or not), is exposed to conditioning at a defined temperature for a defined period of time. The test specimen is conside...view more

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    • Standard
      21 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-21:2016 provides a summary of test methods that are used to determine the ignitability of electrotechnical products or materials from which they are formed. It also includes test methods in which, by design, ignitability is a significant quantifiable characteristic. It represents the current state of the art of the test methods and, where available, includes special observations on their relevance and use. The list of test methods is not to be considered exhaustive, and test methods ...view more

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    • Standard
      69 pages
      English and French language

IEC TS 60695-11-11:2016 describes a test method used to determine the characteristic heat flux for ignition (CHFI) from a non-contacting flame source for materials used in electrotechnical products and sub-assemblies. It provides a relationship between ignition time and incident heat flux. A test specimen cut from an end-product or sub-assembly can be tested by this test method. This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordanc...view more

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    • Technical specification
      51 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-20:2016 provides guidance on the ignitability of electrotechnical products and the materials from which they are formed. It gives guidance on the principles of ignitability; the selection of appropriate test methods and the use and interpretation of results. This first edition of IEC 60695-1-20 cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC TS 60695-1-20 published in 2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes ...view more

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    • Standard
      46 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-11-20:2015 describes a test method consisting of two small-scale laboratory test procedures which is intended to compare the burning behaviour of different materials used in electrotechnical products. Vertically oriented bar specimens or horizontally oriented plate test specimens are exposed to a small flame ignition source with a nominal thermal power of 500 W. The test method uses two test specimen configurations to classify material performance. Rectangular bar-shaped test specimens...view more

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    • Standard
      64 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-12:2015 is intended as a general guideline for IEC Product Committees and provides:
- an explanation of the principles and uses of fire safety engineering;
- guidance on the use of fire safety engineering in the design of electrotechnical products;
- fire safety engineering terminology and concepts;
- an indication of properties, data and tests needed for input into fire safety engineering assessments and
- informative references. This international standard is not intended to b...
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    • Standard
      65 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-11:2014 provides guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products and for the resulting development of fire hazard testing as related directly to harm to people, animals or property. It outlines a hazard-based process to identify appropriate fire test methods and performance criteria for products. The principles of the methodology are to identify fire events (fire scenarios) which will be associated with the product, to establish how the measurable fire properties ...view more

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    • Standard
      94 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-9-2:2014 presents a summary of published test methods that are used to determine the surface spread of flame of electrotechnical products or materials from which they are formed. It represents the current state of the art of the test methods and, where available, includes special observations on their relevance and use. The list of test methods is not to be considered exhaustive, and test methods that were not developed by IEC TC89 are not to be considered as endorsed by IEC TC89 unles...view more

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    • Standard
      60 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-10-2:2014 specifies the ball pressure test as a method for evaluating the softening temperature and accelerated material flow under load of polymeric materials and parts of end products in their ability to resist abnormal heat. It is applicable to the materials used in electrotechnical equipment, subassemblies and components, and to solid electrical insulating materials except ceramics. The Ball Pressure test method is not appropriate for certain elastomers, foamed materials, and other...view more

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    • Standard
      32 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-2-11:2014 is available as IEC 60695-2-11:2014 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.
IEC 60695-2-11:2014 specifies a test method on an end product. It is intended to simulate the effects of thermal stresses produced by an electrically heated source to represent a fire hazard. This test method is used to check that, under defined test conditions, an end product exposed to an...
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    • Standard
      30 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-1-40:2013 provides guidance on the minimization of fire hazard arising from the use of electrical insulating liquids, with respect to:
- electrotechnical equipment and systems and
- people, building structures and their contents.
It is not intended for use by manufacturers or certification bodies. This first edition of IEC 60695-1-40 cancels and replaces the first edition of IEC/TS 60695-1-40 published in 2002. It constitutes a technical revision and now has the status of an Interna...
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    • Standard
      64 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-11-10:2013 specifies small-scale laboratory test procedures intended to compare the burning behaviour of different materials used in electrotechnical products when vertically or horizontally oriented test bar specimens are exposed to a small flame ignition source with a nominal thermal power of 50 W. These test methods determine either the linear burning rate or the self-extinguishing properties of materials. These test methods are applicable to solid and cellular materials that have a...view more

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    • Standard
      74 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-9-1:2013 provides guidance for the assessment of surface spread of flame for electrotechnical products and the materials from which they are formed. It provides an explanation of the principles of flame spread for both liquids and solids, guidance for the selection of test methods, guidance on the use and interpretation of test results, and informative references. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition of IEC 60695-9-1 published in 2005, and constitutes a technical ...view more

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    • Standard
      30 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-2-10:2013 specifies the glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure to simulate the effects of thermal stresses which may be produced by heat sources such as glowing elements or overloaded resistors, for short periods, in order to assess the fire hazard by a simulation technique. The test procedure described in this standard is a common test procedure intended for the small-scale tests in which a standardized electrically heated wire is used as a source of ignition. It is a common pa...view more

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    • Standard
      42 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-11-3:2012 provides detailed requirements for the production of either of two 500 W nominal, pre-mixed type test flames. The approximate overall height of each flame is 125 mm. Two methods of producing a test flame are described:
- Method A uses methane.
- Method C can use either methane or propane.
This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51...
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    • Standard
      57 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-4:2012 The terms and definitions in this standard are applicable to fire tests for electrotechnical products. This basic safety publication is intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with IEC Guide 104 and ISO/IEC Guide 51. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. The requirements, test methods or test conditions of this ba...view more

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    • Standard
      17 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-11-4:2011 provides a description of the apparatus required to produce a 50 W test flame and a description of a calibration procedure to check that the test flame produced meets given requirements. Guidance on confirmatory tests for test flames is given in IEC 60695-11-40. This first edition of IEC 60695-11-4 cancels and replaces the second edition of technical specification IEC/TS 60695-11-4 published in 2004. It constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with respect to the pr...view more

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    • Standard
      41 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-7-3:2011 concerns laboratory tests used to measure the toxic components of the fire effluent from either electrotechnical products or materials used in electrotechnical products. It provides guidance on the use and interpretation of results from such tests. It discusses currently available approaches to toxic hazard assessment consistent with the approach of ISO TC 92 SC 3, as set out in ISO 13344, ISO 13571, ISO 16312-1, ISO 16312-2, ISO 19701, ISO 19702 and ISO 19706. It also provide...view more

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    • Standard
      68 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-7-2:2011 gives a brief summary of the test methods that are in common use in the assessment of acute toxic potency, and other toxicity tests. It includes special observations on their relevance to real fire scenarios and gives recommendations on their use. It advises which tests provide toxic potency data that are relevant to real fire scenarios, and which are suitable for use in fire hazard assessment and fire safety engineering. This first edition of IEC 60695-7-2 cancels and replace...view more

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    • Standard
      94 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-2-13:2010 specifies the details of the glow-wire test to be applied to test specimens of solid electrical insulating materials or other solid materials for ignitability testing to determine the glow-wire ignition temperature (GWIT). The GWIT is the temperature which is 25 K (or 30 K) higher than the maximum test temperature, determined during this standardized procedure, at which the tested material does not ignite, or if sustained and continuous flaming combustion does not occur for a...view more

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    • Standard
      25 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-2-12:2010 specifies the details of the glow-wire test to be applied to test specimens of solid electrical insulating materials or other solid materials for flammability testing to determine the glow-wire flammability index (GWFI). GWFI is the highest temperature, determined during this standardized procedure, at which the tested material; does not ignite or, if it does, extinguishes within 30 s after removal of the glow-wire and is not totally consumed, and molten drips, if they occur,...view more

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    • Standard
      25 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-6-1:2005+A1:2010 Gives guidance on:
a) optical measurement of smoke obscuration;
b) general aspects of optical smoke test methods;
c) consideration of test methods;
d) expression of smoke test data;
e) relevance of optical smoke data to hazard assessment.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:
- Modified title.
- Updated normative references.
- Expanded terms and definitions.
- Numerous editorial changes of a technical nature throughout the pu...
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    • Standard
      84 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-7-1:2010 provides guidance on the factors which affect the toxic hazard from fires involving electrotechnical products, and provides information on the methodologies recommended by ISO TC 92 (SC 3) for estimating and reducing the toxic hazard from fires, as expressed in ISO 19706, ISO 13344 and ISO 13571. There is no single test to realistically assess toxic hazard in fires. Small-scale toxic potency tests are not capable on their own of assessing the toxic hazard in fires. Current tox...view more

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    • Standard
      50 pages
      English and French language

Applies to capacitors and resistors with unidirectional terminations intended for use in electronic equipment.

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    • Standard
      27 pages
      English and French language

ISO 13943:2008 defines terminology relating to fire safety as used in International Standards and other documents of the International Standardization Organization and the International Electrotechnical Commission.

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    • Standard
      51 pages
      English language

IEC 60695-6-1:2005 Gives guidance on:
a) optical measurement of smoke obscuration;
b) general aspects of optical smoke test methods;
c) consideration of test methods;
d) expression of smoke test data;
e) relevance of optical smoke data to hazard assessment.
The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:
- Modified title.
- Updated normative references.
- Expanded terms and definitions.
- Numerous editorial changes of a technical nature throughout the publicatio...
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    • Standard
      61 pages
      English and French language

IEC 60695-5-1:2002 Provides guidance on the following:
a) general aspects of corrosion damage test methods;
b) methods of measurement of corrosion damage;
c) consideration of test methods;
d) relevance of corrosion damage data to hazard assessment.
The structure of this second edition remains essentially the same as the first edition with the following additions:
- Information on fire scenarios and fire models has been added along with an update on the latest advances in the analysis of th...
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    • Standard
      35 pages
      English and French language

IEC TS 60695-5-2:2002 Gives a summary of the test methods that are used in the assessment of the corrosivity of fire effluent. It presents a brief summary of test methods in common use, either as international standards or national or industry standards. It includes special observations on their relevance, for electrotechnical products and their materials, to real fire scenarios and gives recommendations on their use.

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    • Technical specification
      53 pages
      English and French language

IEC TS 60695-11-40:2002 Presents a general characterization of small-scale test flames and associated confirmatory tests based on copper block calorimetry, and defines theoretical modelling for the associated dynamics. Guidance is presented for the selection of critical parameters in confirmatory test designs. A theory is presented to define additional performance parameters for confirmatory tests, enabling a precise implicit mathematical characterization of confirmatory test heating curves.

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    • Technical specification
      35 pages
      English and French language

Reviews the work of IEC SC 50D, and latterly IEC TC 89, in the development of higher quality, more reproducible small test flames. It examines the series of elements that together make up a small laboratory scale test for the examination of burning behaviour and shows how these parameters have been more closely specified in an attempt to obtain more precise and reproducible results.

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    • Technical report
      67 pages
      English and French language