This document specifies the minimum requirements for equipment and critical aspects of the test methods for best practice in laboratories performing basic examination of human semen collected by ejaculation. This document is applicable to the entire process of basic manual semen examination and also to sample preparation for Computer-Aided Sperm Analysis (CASA). This document does not apply to the post-vasectomy assessments. NOTE      Given the medico-legal ramifications surrounding the evaluation of post-vasectomy ejaculates, the methodology in this document is in all likelihood inadequate to establish an ejaculate as being completely “clear” (i.e. no spermatozoa in the ejaculate).

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the handling, documentation and processing of urine, venous blood plasma and serum intended for metabolomics analysis in the pre-examination processes. This document is applicable to metabolomics examinations and can be used by biomedical laboratories, customers of laboratories, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, institutions and companies performing biomedical research, biobanks, and regulatory authorities.

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the handling, storage, processing, and documentation of frozen tissue specimens intended for DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed. This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate DNA isolated from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Tissues that have undergone chemical stabilization pre-treatment before freezing are not covered in this document. NOTEÂ Â Â Â Â International, national, or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document describes the particular clinical laboratory practice requirements to ensure the quality of detection, identification and quantification of microbial pathogens using nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT). It is intended for use by laboratories that develop, and/or implement and use, or perform NAAT for medical, research or health-related purposes. This document does not apply to the development of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices by manufacturers. However, it does include verification and validation of such devices and/or the corresponding processes when implemented and used by the laboratories.

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This document provides the terms and general requirements for the evaluation of the quality of nucleic acids as the analytes for multiplex molecular tests, which simultaneously identify two or more nucleic acid target sequences of interest. This document is applicable to all multiplex molecular methods used for examination using in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices and laboratory developed tests (LDTs). It provides information for both qualitative and quantitative detection of nucleic acid target sequences. This document is intended as guidance for multiplex molecular assays that detect and/or quantify human nucleic acid target sequences or microbial pathogen nucleic acid target sequences from human clinical specimens. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. This document is not applicable to metagenomics. NOTE An examination procedure developed for a laboratory's own use is often referred to as a "laboratory developed test", "LDT", or "in-house test".

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This document specifies requirements for a protocol implemented by an international body to achieve equivalent results among two or more IVD MDs for the same measurand for cases where there are no reference measurement procedures and no fit-for-purpose certified reference materials or international conventional calibrators. In this case, the harmonisation protocol defines the highest level of metrological traceability for the stated measurand. This document can be applied in cases when certified reference materials or international conventional calibrators exist but are not fit-for-purpose because, for example, they are not commutable with human samples. NOTE This document addresses one case of traceability of assigned and measured values described in 5.6 in ISO 17511:2020.

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This document specifies technical requirements and documentation necessary to establish metrological traceability of values assigned to calibrators, trueness control materials and human samples for quantities measured by IVD MDs. The human samples are those intended to be measured, as specified for each IVD MD. Metrological traceability of values for quantities in human samples extends to the highest available reference system component, ideally to RMPs and certified reference materials (CRMs). All parties having a role in any of the steps described in a calibration hierarchy for an IVD MD are subject to the requirements described. These parties include but are not limited to manufacturers (of IVD MDs), RMP developers (see ISO 15193), RM producers (see ISO 15194), and reference/calibration laboratories (see ISO 15195) supporting calibration hierarchies for IVD MDs. NOTE 1 Producers of RMs intended for use in standardization or calibration of IVD MDs include commercial and non-commercial organizations producing RMs for use by many end-users of IVD MDs and/or calibration laboratories, or for use by a single end-user medical laboratory, as in the case of a measurement standard (calibrator) intended to be used exclusively for calibration of a laboratory-developed MP. This document is applicable to: a) all IVD MDs that provide measurement results in the form of numeric values, i.e. rational (ratio) and/or differential (interval) scales, and counting scales. b) IVD MDs where the measurement result is reported as a qualitative value established with a ratio of two measurements (i.e. the signal from a specimen being tested and the signal from a RM with a specified concentration or activity at the cut-off), or a counting scale, with corresponding decision threshold(s). This also includes IVD MDs where results are categorized among ordinal categories based on pre-established quantitative intervals for a quantity. c) RMs intended for use as trueness control materials for verification or assessment of calibration of IVD MDs, i.e. some commutable CRMs and some external quality assessment (EQA) materials (if so indicated in the RM's intended use statement). d) IVD MD-specific calibrators and trueness control materials with assigned values, intended to be used together with a specified IVD MD. e) IVD MDs as described in a) and b), where no end-user performed calibration is required (i.e. when the manufacturer performs a factory calibration of the IVD MD). This document is not applicable to: a) calibrators and trueness control materials for IVD MDs which, due to their formulation, are known to have zero amount of measurand; b) control materials that are used only for internal quality control purposes in medical laboratories to assess the imprecision of an IVD MD, either its repeatability or reproducibility, and/or for assessing changes in IVD MD results compared to a previously established calibration condition; c) control materials that are used only for internal quality control purposes in medical laboratories and which are supplied with intervals of suggested acceptable values that are not metrologically traceable to higher order reference system components; d) properties reported as nominal scales and ordinal scales, where no magnitude is involved. NOTE 2 Nominal scales are typically used to report e.g. identity of blood cell types, microorganism types, identity of nucleic acid sequences, identity of urine particles. NOTE 3 Ordinal scales are often applied to results differentiated into dichotomous groupings (e.g. ?sick' vs. ?healthy'), and occasionally to results differentiated into non-dichotomous categories where the result categories are rank-ordered but the rank-ordered categories cannot be differentiated in terms of relative degree of difference, e.g. negative, +1, +2, +3 for grading of presence of haemoglobin in urine specimens by visual observation.

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This document specifies a process for a medical laboratory to identify and manage the risks to patients, laboratory workers and service providers that are associated with medical laboratory examinations. The process includes identifying, estimating, evaluating, controlling and monitoring the risks. The requirements of this document are applicable to all aspects of the examinations and services of a medical laboratory, including the pre-examination and post-examination aspects, examinations, accurate transmission of test results into the electronic medical record and other technical and management processes described in ISO 15189. This document does not specify acceptable levels of risk. This document does not apply to risks from post-examination clinical decisions made by healthcare providers. This document does not apply to the management of risks affecting medical laboratory enterprises that are addressed by ISO 31000, such as business, economic, legal, and regulatory risks.

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This document specifies requirements for safe practices in the medical laboratory (herein after referred to as "the laboratory").

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This document gives guidance for supervisors and operators of point-of-care testing (POCT) services where POCT is performed without medical laboratory training, supervision or support. It includes the key components that should be considered to provide safe and reliable POCT results. Self-testing is excluded from this document.

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This document defines a process to identify, assess, control, and monitor the risks associated with hazardous biological materials. This document is applicable to any laboratory or other organization that works with, stores, transports, and/or disposes of hazardous biological materials. This document is intended to complement existing International Standards for laboratories. This document is not intended for laboratories that test for the presence of microorganisms and/or toxins in food or feedstuffs. This document is not intended for the management of risks from the use of genetically modified crops in agriculture.

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This document provides recommendations and requirements on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for circulating cell free DNA (ccfDNA) examination during the pre-examination phase before an analytical test is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood genomic DNA, which are not described in this document. Blood genomic DNA is covered in ISO 20186-2. Different dedicated measures are taken for preserving DNA in circulating exosomes, which are not described in this document. NOTE ccfDNA obtained from blood by the procedures cited in this document can contain DNA originally present in exosomes[8][9]. DNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document provides practical guidance for the estimation and expression of the measurement uncertainty (MU) of quantitative measurand values produced by medical laboratories. Quantitative measurand values produced near the medical decision threshold by point-of-care testing systems are also included in this scope. This document also applies to the estimation of MU for results produced by qualitative (nominal) methods which include a measurement step. It is not recommended that estimates of MU be routinely reported with patient test results, but should be available on request. NOTE See Annex B for an example of application of the MU.

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This document describes one reference method, broth micro-dilution, for determination of MICs. The MIC can be a guide for the clinician, and reflects the activity of the drug under the described test conditions, by taking into account other factors, such as drug pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, or bacterial resistance mechanisms. This allows categorisation of bacteria as "susceptible" (S), "intermediate" (I), or "resistant" (R). In addition, MIC distributions can be used to define wild type or non-wild type bacterial populations. Although clinical interpretation of the MIC value is beyond the scope of this document, modifications of the basic method are required for certain antimicrobial agent - bacteria combinations to facilitate clinical interpretation. These modifications are included in a separate annex of this document. It is necessary to compare other susceptibility testing methods (e.g. disc diffusion or diagnostic test devices) with this reference method for validation, in order to ensure comparable and reliable results.

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This document defines good study practice for the planning, design, conduct, recording and reporting of clinical performance studies carried out to assess the clinical performance and safety of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices for regulatory purposes. NOTE 1 The purpose of these studies is to assess the ability of an IVD medical device in the hands of the intended user, to yield results pertaining to a particular medical condition or physiological/pathological state, in the intended population. The document is not intended to describe whether the technical specifications of the IVD medical device in question are adequately addressed by the clinical performance study. This document identifies the principles that underpin clinical performance studies and specifies general requirements intended to — ensure the conduct of the clinical performance study will lead to reliable and robust study results, — define the responsibilities of the sponsor and principal investigator, — assist sponsors, clinical research organization, investigators, ethics committees, regulatory authorities and other bodies involved in the conformity assessment of IVD medical devices, and — protect the rights, safety, dignity and well-being of the subjects providing specimens for use in clinical performance studies. Analytical performance studies are out of the scope of this document. NOTE 2 When the collection of specimens specifically for the analytical performance study creates an additional collection risk for subjects, some of the elements of this document (particularly the annexes) can be useful for ensuring subject safety. Clinical performance studies that are performed for reasons other than pre- and post-market regulatory purposes, such as for re-imbursement purposes, are out of the scope of this document. NOTE 3 Some of the elements of this document can be useful for the design of such studies, including subject safety and data integrity. This document does not include safety information for laboratory workers or other personnel collecting the study specimens. NOTE 4 Such information is included in other publications[1][12][13]. NOTE 5 Users of this document can consider whether other standards and/or requirements also apply to the IVD medical device which is the subject of the clinical performance study, for instance, in the situation for which there is an IVD medical device and a medical device used in an integrated system (e.g. a lancet, an IVD test strip, and a glucose meter), aspects of both this document and ISO 14155 can be considered.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for cellular RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood cell free circulating RNA and RNA in exosomes circulating in blood. These are not described in this document. Different dedicated measures are taken for collecting, stabilizing, transporting and storing capillary blood as well as for collecting and storing blood by paper based technologies or other technologies generating dried blood. These are not described in this document. This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of cellular RNA therefrom. RNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, storage, processing and documentation of venous whole blood specimens intended for genomic DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular examination is performed. This document covers specimens collected in venous whole blood collection tubes. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Different dedicated measures are taken for stabilizing blood cell free circulating DNA, which are not described in this document. NOTE Circulating cell free DNA in blood is covered in ISO 20186-3. Different dedicated measures are taken for collecting, stabilizing, transporting and storing capillary blood as well as for collecting and storing blood by paper based technologies or other technologies generating dried blood. These are not described in this document. This document does not cover the isolation of specific blood cells and subsequent isolation of genomic DNA therefrom. DNA in pathogens present in blood is not covered by this document.

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This document specifies the requirements for competence to carry out reference measurement procedures in laboratory medicine, using the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025:2017 as a normative reference and listing additional requirements for calibration laboratories to perform their tasks adequately. The relationship between clauses in this document and ISO/IEC 17025:2017 are summarized in Annex A. Examinations of properties with results reported on a nominal or ordinal scale are not included. This document is not applicable to medical laboratories. NOTE Requirements for medical laboratories are specified in ISO 15189[1].

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for DNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed. This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for the examination of isolated proteins during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed. This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. This document is not applicable for protein examination by immunohistochemistry. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens intended for RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed. This document is applicable to molecular in vitro diagnostic examinations including laboratory developed tests performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organizations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of frozen tissue specimens intended for RNA examination during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate RNA extracted from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. Tissues that have undergone chemical stabilization pre-treatment before freezing are not covered in this document. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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This document gives guidelines on the handling, documentation, storage and processing of frozen tissue specimens intended for the examination of isolated proteins during the pre-examination phase before a molecular assay is performed. This document is applicable to any molecular in vitro diagnostic examination performed by medical laboratories and molecular pathology laboratories that evaluate proteins isolated from frozen tissue. It is also intended to be used by laboratory customers, in vitro diagnostics developers and manufacturers, biobanks, institutions and commercial organisations performing biomedical research, and regulatory authorities. NOTE International, national or regional regulations or requirements can also apply to specific topics covered in this document.

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ISO/TS 20658:2017 specifies requirements and good practice recommendations for the collection, transport, receipt and handling of samples intended for medical laboratory examinations. ISO/TS 20658:2017 is applicable to medical laboratories and other medical services involved in laboratory pre-examination processes that include the examination request, patient preparation and identification, sample collection, transport, receipt and storage. It may also be applicable to some biobanks. ISO/TS 20658:2017 does not apply to blood and blood products intended for transfusion.

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ISO 22870:2016 gives specific requirements applicable to point-of-care testing and is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 15189. The requirements of this document apply when POCT is carried out in a hospital, clinic and by a healthcare organization providing ambulatory care. This document can be applied to transcutaneous measurements, the analysis of expired air, and in vivo monitoring of physiological parameters. Patient self-testing in a home or community setting is excluded, but elements of this document can be applicable.

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ISO/TS 16782:2016 provides a standard description of the physical properties of dehydrated Mueller-Hinton broth (dMHB) and Mueller-Hinton agar (dMHA) and performance criteria by which manufacturers can assess the performance characteristics of their production lots of dMHA and dMHB. Production lots of broth or agar can then be utilized by all users, including in vitro susceptibility testing device manufacturers, as the test medium for performance of antimicrobial susceptibility testing. ISO/TS 16782:2016 does not address supplements (e.g. blood or blood products) that are added to the medium to support growth of fastidious bacteria[3][4][5][6]. Those additives are provided after the dehydrated medium is prepared in its liquid state as a final product and fall outside of the scope of this Technical Specification. Although dMHA can be used for determination of MICs using the agar dilution method[4][6] or the gradient diffusion method, ISO/TS 16782:2016 only includes performance testing of dMHA using disc diffusion methodology as described by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)[5] and European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST)[3].

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ISO/TS 17518:2015 provides requirements and guidance for selecting and assessing the quality of reagents to be used for in vitro diagnostic staining in biology. This Technical Specification applies to the professional use of reagents for staining in biology by medical laboratories, and in particular, to those who are responsible for the requisition and evaluation of these reagents in medical laboratory disciplines such as clinical cytology, haematology, histopathology, microbiology, and molecular biology.

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ISO/TS 17822-1:2014 is intended for ? IVD medical device manufacturers, medical laboratories, and research and development laboratories that develop nucleic acid-based qualitative in vitro diagnostic examination procedures for the detection and identification of microbial pathogens in human specimens, and ? medical laboratories that perform nucleic acid-based in vitro diagnostic examinations for the detection and identification of microbial pathogens in human specimens. This part of ISO/TS 17822 does not apply to ? nucleic acid-based examinations that are not intended for in vitro diagnostic use, or ? quantitative nucleic acid-based in vitro diagnostic examination procedures.

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ISO 15197:2013 specifies requirements for in vitro glucose monitoring systems that measure glucose concentrations in capillary blood samples, for specific design verification procedures and for the validation of performance by the intended users. These systems are intended for self-measurement by lay persons for management of diabetes mellitus. ISO 15197:2013 is applicable to manufacturers of such systems and those other organizations (e.g. regulatory authorities and conformity assessment bodies) having the responsibility for assessing the performance of these systems.

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ISO 19001:2013 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer with reagents used in staining in biology. It applies to producers, suppliers and vendors of dyes, stains, chromogenic reagents and other reagents used for staining in histology and cytology including bacteriology, haematology, histochemistry, as performed in medical laboratories, both routine and research bacteriology. The requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer specified in ISO 19001:2013 are a prerequisite for achieving comparable and reproducible results in all fields of staining in biology.

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ISO 16256:2012 describes a method for testing the susceptibility to antifungal agents of yeasts, including Candida spp. and Cryptococcus neoformans, that cause infections. The reference method described here has not been used in studies of the yeast forms of dimorphic fungi, such as B. dermatitidis and/or H. capsulatum variety capsulatum. ISO 16256:2012 describes the broth microdilution reference method which can be implemented by either of two pathways. One pathway involves visual determination of MICs (CLSI method); the second pathway involves spectrophotometric determination of MICs (EUCAST method).

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ISO 15189:2012 specifies requirements for quality and competence in medical laboratories. ISO 15189:2012 can be used by medical laboratories in developing their quality management systems and assessing their own competence. It can also be used for confirming or recognizing the competence of medical laboratories by laboratory customers, regulating authorities and accreditation bodies.

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ISO 23640:2011 is applicable to the stability evaluation of in vitro diagnostic medical devices, including reagents, calibrators, control materials, diluents, buffers and reagent kits, hereinafter called IVD reagents. ISO 23640:2011 can also be applied to specimen collection devices that contain substances used to preserve samples or to initiate reactions for further processing of the sample in the collection device. ISO 23640:2011 specifies general requirements for stability evaluation and gives specific requirements for real time and accelerated stability evaluation when generating data in: the establishment of IVD reagent shelf life, including transport conditions suitable to ensure that product specifications are maintained; the establishment of stability of the IVD reagent in use after the first opening of the primary container; the monitoring of stability of IVD reagents already placed on the market; the verification of stability specifications after modifications of the IVD reagent that might affect stability.

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ISO 18113-4:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) reagents for self-testing. ISO 18113-4:2009 also applies to information supplied by the manufacturer with calibrators and control materials intended for use with IVD medical devices for self-testing. ISO 18113-4:2009 can also be applied to accessories, where appropriate. ISO 18113-4:2009 applies to the labels for outer and immediate containers and to the instructions for use.

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ISO 18113-2:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) reagents for professional use. ISO 18113-2:2009 also applies to information supplied by the manufacturer with calibrators and control materials intended for use with IVD medical devices for professional use. ISO 18113-2:2009 can also be applied to accessories. ISO 18113-2:2009 applies to the labels for outer and immediate containers and to the instructions for use.

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ISO 18113-1:2009 defines concepts, establishes general principles and specifies essential requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices.

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ISO 18113-5:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic (IVD) instruments for self-testing. ISO 18113-5:2009 also applies to apparatus and equipment intended to be used with IVD instruments for self-testing. ISO 18113-5:2009 can also be applied to accessories.

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ISO 18113-3:2009 specifies requirements for information supplied by the manufacturer of in vitro dignostic (IVD) instruments for professional use. ISO 18113-3:2009 also applies to apparatus and equipment intended to be used with IVD instruments for professional use. ISO 18113-3:2009 can also be applied to accessories, where appropriate.

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ISO 15193:2009 specifies requirements for the content of a reference measurement procedure for in vitro diagnostic medical devices and medical laboratories. ISO 15193:2009 applies to reference measurement procedures providing values of differential or rational quantities. Annex A provides information on nominal properties and ordinal quantities. ISO 15193:2009 is valid for any person, body or institution involved in one of the various branches of laboratory medicine whose intention is to write a document to serve as a reference measurement procedure.

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ISO 15194:2009 specifies requirements for certified reference materials and the content of their supporting documentation, in order for them to be considered of higher metrological order in accordance with ISO 17511. It is applicable to certified reference materials classifiable as primary measurement standards, secondary measurement standards and international conventional calibrators that function either as calibrators or trueness control materials. ISO 15194:2009 also provides requirements on how to collect data for value determination and how to present the assigned value and its measurement uncertainty. ISO 15194:2009 applies to certified reference materials with assigned values of differential or rational quantities. Annex A provides information on nominal properties and ordinal quantities. ISO 15194:2009 does not apply to reference materials that are parts of an in vitro diagnostic measuring system, although it is possible that many elements are helpful.

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ISO 20776-2:2007 establishes acceptable performance criteria for antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) devices that are used to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and/or interpretive category determinations of susceptible, intermediate and resistant (SIR) strains of bacteria to antimicrobial agents in medical laboratories. ISO 20776-2:2007 specifies requirements for AST devices (including diffusion test systems) and procedures for assessing performance of such devices. It defines how a performance evaluation of an AST device is to be conducted. ISO 20776-2:2007 has been developed to guide manufacturers in the conduct of performance evaluation studies.

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ISO 17593:2007 specifies requirements for in vitro measuring systems for self-monitoring of vitamin-K antagonist therapy, including performance, quality assurance and user training and procedures for the verification and validation of performance by the intended users under actual and simulated conditions of use. ISO 17593:2007 pertains solely to prothrombin time measuring systems used by individuals for monitoring their own vitamin-K antagonist therapy, and which report results as international normalized ratios (INR). ISO 17593:2007 is applicable to manufacturers of such systems and those other organizations (e.g., regulatory authorities and conformity assessment bodies) having the responsibility for assessing the performance of these systems. ISO 17593:2007 does not pertain to in vitro measuring systems for coagulation quantities assessing vitamin-K antagonist therapy used by physicians or healthcare providers, provide a comprehensive evaluation of all possible factors that could affect the performance of these systems, or address the medical aspects of oral anticoagulation therapy.

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  • Draft
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  • Draft
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ISO 15198:2004 describes a process for manufacturers of in vitro diagnostic medical devices to validate quality control procedures they recommend to their users. These quality control procedures are intended to provide users with assurance that device performance is consistent with its intended use and the manufacturers' claims. ISO 15198:2004 applies to all in vitro diagnostic medical devices.

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ISO 18153:2003 specifies how to assure the metrological traceability of values assigned to calibrators and control materials intended to establish or verify trueness of measurement of the catalytic concentration of enzymes. The calibrators and control materials are those provided by the manufacturers as part of, or to be used together with, in vitro diagnostic medical devices. The following subjects are outside the scope of ISO 18153:2003: requirements for the design or selection of a reference measurement procedure; quantities involving mass of enzyme or immunoreactivity of enzymes; control materials that do not have an assigned value and are used only for assessing the precision of a measurement procedure, either its repeatability or reproducibility (precision control materials); control materials intended for intralaboratory quality control purposes and supplied with intervals of suggested acceptable values, each interval obtained by interlaboratory consensus with respect to one specified measurement procedure, and with limiting values that are not metrologically traceable; metrological traceability of routine results to the product calibrator and their relations to any medical discrimination limit; properties involving nominal and ordinal scales.

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ISO/TS 22367:2008 characterizes the application of ISO 15189 as a system for reducing laboratory error and improving patient safety by applying the principles of risk management, with reference to examination aspects, especially to pre- and post-examination aspects, of the cycle of laboratory medical care. ISO/TS 22367:2008 proposes a methodology for finding and characterizing medical laboratory error that would be avoided with the application of ISO 15189.

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ISO 15189:2007 specifies requirements for quality and competence particular to medical laboratories. ISO 15189:2007 is for use by medical laboratories in developing their quality management systems and assessing their own competence, and for use by accreditation bodies in confirming or recognising the competence of medical laboratories.

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